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the D- should it, quo' he, when the one is in fix, and the other will make but three volumes ?"
Cry your mercy, Brother! we should never have thought of fo queer a comparison. But if you judge of merit only by quantity, (crape together ituff enough for three volumes more, by all means; and the Edinburgh poems will then certainly, in one view, be upon a footing with the rival Collection of Pall-mail.
Art. 22. Poems, attempted in the Style of Milton. By Mr. John
Philips : With a new Account of his Life and Writings. 12mo. 2 s. 6 d. bound. Tonson, &c.
There is an imitative as well as an original genius, by means of which many have acquired the reputation of Poets. John Philips must be ranked in this class : his Splendid Shilling may challenge all the praise that can be due to a burlesque imitation : but his Blenheim is a turgid and unnatural work, in which the chief praise he bellows on his Hero, Churchill, is that of personal prowess.-Hc gives him enough of that; for the General, according to the Poet, lays about hi... most furioufly, and slays his thousands and ten thousands. The fame want of skill is discernable in his Cyder, which, tho’abounding with excellent observations, is full of absurd fimiles, and impertinent digreffions.
The Account of Mr. Philips's Life, which is prefixed to this edi. tion of his Poems, and by means of which they come under our review, contains few particulars beside what are to be found in the Lives of the Poets. The Author of it has not so much as taken no. tice of that remarkable Tory spirit so noted in his life, and so visible in his works, that he calls the despicable James I. the favourite of Heaven, and Charles his son, the bej of Kings. Such expressions, however, might have been passed over, had he not, from a political bias, inful ed the memory of his glorious master, Milton; an offence which no party attachment can palliate.
For the reit, we have only to observe, that the admirers of this Bard wiil be pleased to see so handsome an edition of his works ; to which the Proprietors have added a set of pretty Cuts, as Frontispieces to the several poems.
Art. 23. An Epistle on poetical Composition. By James Ogden.
4to. is. Hinxman.
Art. 24. On the Crucifixion and Resurrection. A Poem. By
James Ogden. 4to. is. Hinxman. Both the last articles being the produ£tion of the extraordinary Author of the British Lion rous'd, (fee Review, vol. XXVI. p. 316) it will be sufficient to refer our Readers to the specimen we have already given of Mr. Ogden's genius: from whence, without trou.
bling them with any particulars concerning the present pair of pam phlets, they will be able to form a tolerable judgment of his quali, fications for writing on either of the foregoing subjects. Art. 25. An Ejay on Happiness. In Four Books. 4to. 25. 6d,
Dodfey We cannot too much commend the apparent goodness of heart, and unaffected piety, that reign throughout this performance. Neither a love to virtue, nor the truest sense of religion, however, necessarily confer literary talents, nor have a ruling influence over the powers of poetry. Genius is an accomplishment of another kind, and is, indeed, too often attended with less amiable qualitics.
Happiness is a subject which has frequently engaged the pens both of Philosophers and Divines. Our Author treats it rather in the manner of the latter than of the former; nor can we think he hath dil played it to any advantage, by chuling to cloath his sentiments in a poetical dress. Art. 26. The Wandsworth Epiflle. In Metre. By Oswald
Fitz-James, Esq; 4to. 6d. Finmore. Mr. Pitt's Letter to his friend in the City, having been versified with good success, this Poetaster has endeavoured to ridicule a late very extraordinary Epistle, industriously distributed and directed to every body and no body, by turning it into rhyme. But this imitauve piece, if not totally dellitute of humour, is yet by no means equal to the original, which it follows haud palibus aquis.
MEDICAL. Art. 27. A particular Narrative of what has happened relative
to a Paper published in the fifty first Volume of the Philosophical Transactions, entitled, An Account of a remarkable Operation on a broken Arm, &c. in which the principal Facts are proved by Evidence. By Charles White, F.R. S. Member of the Corporation of Surgeons in London, and Surgeon to the Manchester Infirmary. 8vo. is. Hitch.
Of the remarkable Cafe, occafioning this Nairative, we have given some account, in our Review of the second part of the fifty Irit volume of the Cianfictions, vol. XXV. p. 10, the present pamphlet having arisen chiefly from the manner in which Mr. White had intitled that case, and which, indeed, might induce a Reader of the title onir', to conclude the Communicator of it had also been the Operator in it: tho', in the deduction of the case, the Operation is ascribed to another unnamed Hospital Surgeon at Manchetter, with a compliment to him. This anonyn.ous compliment, however, was not satisfactory enough to the real Operator; Mr. Burchal, to prevent his appealing to the public against the title of that case, and against Mr. White's frequent egotisms in the detail of it, in an Ad. vertisement subscribed by him, and published in Lloyd's Evening Poft, Sept. 7, 1761. Mr. White answered this in the same paper of the 18th; to which Mr. Burchal replied Oct. 21: that case, and all these altercations resulting from it, being prefixed to the present Narrative.
Without entering much, however, into the particulars of the debate, it seems probable to us, after reading the affirmations and attestations on both sides, that Mr. White was the Inventor or Proposer of the expedient by which the amputation of the Pacient's arm was prevented. At the same time, as his Master, and himself too we suppose, were positively determined against parting with the limb; and we really cannot imagine by what other means it was possible to preserve it and the use of it, we should not be in the least surprized, if the very fame thought had offered itself to any good Surgeon con. cerned about it. How was such a purpose to be obtained, but by removing all splinters and afperities of the fractured bone, and disposing the separated ends of it, by a proper situation and retension, to be united by the callus which the divine Economy of Nature constantly supplies for that purpose? In our review of the second volume of Medical Inquiries, inserted this month, we have abstracted a case, in which a callus above seven inches long was formed, and effcêtually supplied the place of as much of the larger bone of the leg, which Nature had separated, after some accident, about the middle of it. In that case, did she not clearly indicate, what might be attempted in a similar or relative one?
We think, however, that as the Lad, the suhject of this case, was Mr. Burchel's Patient, it was not entirely decent, to transmit the history of it to the Royal Society without his consent or privity ; especially as Mr. White acknowleges his Collegue's great ability in his profession, and profeflis much regard for him: neither do we think Mr. White's great hurry and want of leisure, a sufficient apology for this omission. But we imagine Mr. B. Tould rather have contented himself with insisting on this unkindness and indecorum, than have assumed the invention of the expedient, which he faintly hints the probability of Mr. W's assuming from him. All he himself says, with the declarations of Mr. Wright and Mr. Ashwood in his favour, do not prove his right to the invention, much less his Colleague's surreptition of it from him. Our Author seems, by the attestation of Mr. Bent and others, suficiently to have eltablished this claim, of which he is abundantly retentive, as he may have both a legal and moral right to be; for fince reputation in such a profeflion may be supposed eventually tantamount to money, it were unfashionable to find it less infilted on, by either of thele Gentlemen. It is affirmed, indeed, thac Sir Isaac Newton was, with great difficulty, persuaded, for the honour of his country, to assert his right to some mathematical discovery, which Leibnitz very disingenuoully published as his own; it having been communicated to him by Sir Isaac many years before, in the course of their correspondence : our great Philosopher affirming, “ he thought it of very little consequence, who made the discovery, if mankind were the wiser o ubetter for it.''
So very amiably may the fublimest pretensions to fame be accompa. nied with the least solicitude about it! The present dispute is of a very different complexion; tho' the advantageous consequence of the whole, to the public, may be, the preventing a precipitate amputation fometimes, and saving a limb, and perhaps a life in consequence of it. . This good purpole we have had a very late occasion to recommend in our review of a valuable work already referred to in this article.
Art. 28. Physiological Essays. By Robert Whytt, M. D.
F. R. S. Physician to his Majesty. The second Edition ; corrected and enlarged. 12mo, 2s, 6 d. Wilson.
Our leaders will find a pretty full account of the first edition of these Essays in the fourteenth volume of the Review. The present edition is now mentioned on account of the new Observations, Notes, and Corrections, which are considerable; especially the addition of the Appendix, which contains a Review of the whole controversy with Dr. Haller, concerning the fenfibility and moving power of men and other animalı; in which Dr. Whytt appears to have entirely refuted his learned Adverfary. This 4ppendix is also published separately, for the conveniency of those who have purchased the first edition of the Physiological Essays: which we have again perused, with additional satisfaction ; and find in them many things that well deserve the attention of every Practitioner in the medical art.
Art. 29. Allhefrons or Accretions of the Lungs to the Pleura, and their Effects on Respiration considered, both with respect ta Theory and Practice, in a Letter to Dr. George Baker, &c. &c. 8vo. Is. Becket. This Letter is fubscribed by Dr. Malcolm Fleming, a medical Writer, whom we have had occasion to introduce more than once to our leaders.-
If his present tract has not been wrote merely ta indulge a custom of writing, it has been, we conceive, more for the fake of amusing himself, and the ingenious Physician to whom he addresies it, than from a real expectation of increasing the common ftock of mdi al knowlege and improvement. Having premised with regard to his subject, that he thail not presuine to be Umpire between two such great names as Boerhaave and Haller, he tells us, o che former maintained, that broad accretions and adhesions of th; Lungs to the Pleura, under certain circumstances, creaie Dysonca or Ahma; and that Haller denies, from experience and diffe&ion, that such adhesions can, in the least, contribute to impair respiration." He next translates and reprints fome of the arguments on both sides ; in which there can be very little new to his learned medical brethren.
When we come, however, to his own practical inferences, it is 'vious, he rather inclines to the opinion of Boerhaave; in imita
of whole practice, in the case of a foreign Nobleman who died,
he recommends a continual application of warm emollient Fomentations : but thinking these might only palliate now (as they did then) he suggests the use of the extract of Hemlock, on the credit of Dr. Storck's hittories, to diffolve the adhering substance or humour cementing these, accretions. This leads our Author to give his judge: ment of the proper time and method of preparing that extract, to the want of which he ascribes, with very little hesitation, its very frequent inefficacy bere. He directs the plant not to be gathered till the end of May at the sooneft, telling us the manner in which he then made an ounce of it, for his own fatisfaction; and which en-, tirely resembled the appearances and smell that Dr. Storck afcribes to his own extract. It would have given us, however, ftill more satis-, faction, if Dr. Fleming could have assured us, it had the same surprize, ingly good effects here, which the German Doctor fo very generally attributes to it. But Dr. F. does not affirm his having given a single grain of it.
The extent of this pamphlet, containing thirty-fix pages, gives our Author an opportunity of thewing a pretty deal of his reading, and some of his reasoning. It readi off agreeably enough, except in those places where he appears to infilt on a transgression against
the idiom of our language, by frequently omitting the prepositive Particle, or the sign of the Case, to his Subitantives of this, we hoped, we had fufficiently admonished him, vol. XXI. page 460, to which we refer him; afturing him at the same time, that “adhesions of lungs,' page 20,---“ create or increase Dylynxa or Anbna," page 21,---- absence of cough,” page 26,---" cause of Dyspnæa," 29. 30, &c. &c.--. are by no means English, and, we think, not even British, idiom. Had they occurred but once or twice, we might haye overlooked them, as typographical omissions. And as they are allo often joined properly with the Particle, perhaps this Gentleman fupposes such an Ellipfis indifferent ; which is certainly not the case in our language, when a thing is mentioned definitely. We have attempted to conjecture the occasion of Dr. F's fingularity in this respect, in the volume and page already referred to.
RELIGIOUS and CONTROVERSIAL. Art. 30. Twelve Sermons, preached upon several Occasions. By
the Hon. and Rev. Walter Shirley, A. B. Rector of Loughrea in the County of Galway Dublin printed : London re-printed. 12mo. 2s. Johnson.
The subjects of these Discourses are---Gof: el repentance ; the MiniAry of the Gobel; the great importance of lime; the Way to eternal Life; Salvation by Chrift for Jews and Gentiles; Man not to be f oreil, bus God; Man's Salvation compleat by the Death of Chrf; the heira realion of Chrift; Juftification by Faith; the new Birth; on right Hearing:
- If the Reader of these Sermons fits down with an expectation of being entertained with elegance of composition, fine writing, new sentiments, great extent and refinement of thought.