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FACE

DIVINITY.

In this branch, two important works which were briefly mentioned in our last Preface, demand also to be noticed here. These are, Dr. Macknight's Translation of the Apofiolic Epiftles*, and the compilation entitled the Scholar armedt. Our critical account of these has now been concluded, and of the former, we are enabled to say, that it is a work of theological labour not often paralleled, and an ample store-house of observations to exercise not only the student, but the adept in divinity. If we do not always implicitly coincide with the author in opinion (which, in such various matter, cannot reasonably be expected), we can always praise his diligence, his learning, and bis piety ; qualities which confer no trisling rank on any fcriprural interpreter, or commentator. The Scholar armed contains some tracts, which, as long as true Christianity shall sublist, must be held in high esteem, and to which we trust the account we have laid before our readers will attract the public attention. From a Bishop of acknowledged learning and abilities, the hoftile aitack of Paine upon Christianity, has called forth a most judicious and conclusive mpciog yt; in the excellence of which we almost lose our regret at the coarse obloquy and ridicule with which the demagogue had endeavoured to overwhelm the object of his fear and hatred. After this, we have no apprehension but for those who are incapable of dillinguishing obloquy and ridicule from argument; but these unfortunately compose a very numerous class, always prepared to be the prey of any Paine, or any pretender, in religion or in politics. Among controversial divinity, a conspicuous place is due to the volumes of Dr. Jamieson on the Deity of Chrifti; in

& No. I. p. 46.
+ No. I. p. 170.

# Bij op Wit/n's Apology for the Bible, No. VI. p. 643. ģ No. IV. P. 376.

which tire author very powerfully combats and ex. poses the misrepresentations of Dr. Priestley in his History of Early Opinions. Mr. Weston's Cónj-tures and Comments on the New and Old Testament*, are the memorandums of a polite and intelligent scholar, and though they are not all important enough to demand publication, there are few among them that can fairly be said not to deserve it. The Introduction to the Principles of natural and rev aled Religiont, which Mr. Plumptre has composed chiefly from the learned work of Dr. Jenkin, is, like his former publication on the History of religious Knowledge, a most instructive and pleasing manual, for such readers as require initiation in theological studies : and we trust that the same zeal and intelligence which have incited and enabled him to make these presents to the Christian world, will give birth to other essays of a like beneficial nature. Such a friend to Christianity, when its enemies are so numerous and active, cannot be too much encouraged or employed. Of a funilar kind, but rather too similar to be attributed to the fame author, is an Ejjay on the Neceflity of revealed Religions, which, in a still narrower compals, conveys the same species of information as may be found in the books of Jenkin and Plumptre. A particular doctrine, which

. has been, among others, the object of attack from Dr. Priestley, the doctrine of Atonemen, is ably expound.ed and defended in the volume of Bampion Leturis, which Mr. Veysiell published, in compliance with the rules of that institution. Three volumes of mifccl. laneous Sermons, the posthumous work of Di. Carrar, rector of St. Andrew Undershaft, form a valuable acceffion to that extensive class of theological iroductions; nor can tac fingle volume, published by the Warden of Winchester**, fail to be received in a hanner suitable to the well-known talents of the author.

* .
No. V. p. 531:
+ No. 1. p. 9.

I See Brit. Crit. Vol. V. p. 76.

V. p. 492.

ll No. IV. p. 394• P. 124 ** Dr. Huntingtord, No. Ill, p. 293.

No. II.

Of single sermons there are always more than we can conveniently notice or recapitulate, but among these we think it just to point out to observation Dr. Layard's preached at St. Paul's* ; Dean Berkeley's on Episcopacyt; that of the Bishop of Chefter, on the eternal GenerationI; Dr. Croft's on Methodistss; ·and Mr. Jones's on Imagination. Bishop Skinner's two Discourses, on the presence of Christ in places of Christian worship, do honour to a fociety long lost in unjust obscurity, the Episcopal Church of Scotland: and with this concise enumeration, we shall allow ourselves to conclude this part of our account.

METAPHYSICS.

So necessary are found Metaphysics to the accomplishment of the able divine, and so feldom does the metaphysician abstain entirely from the province of the speculative theologian, that we shall subjoin this class io that with which we have commenced our sur. vey. That hardy veteran in this field, Lord Monbod. do, continues his great work, full of learning, ingenuity, and paradoxes, entitled Ancient Metaphysics**, The fourth volume fell under our notice, and others are promised, the appearance of which, confidering the age and infirmities of the author, may with too much reason be doubted.

In a work entitled Intellectual Physicstt, we found an able, though anonymous writer, but one profeffedly retired from an active life to meditation and study, endeavouring to clear up the difficult questions of the nature of Being, the sentient principle, and its connection with material objects, self-activity, loca, lity, &c. on all of which he certainly diffuses some light; evincing a mind possessed at once of acuteness

* No. II. p. 196. & No. IV. p. 431, ** No. I P. IL

+ No. II. p. 199.
Il No. V.
+ No, V. p. 511,

I No. 111. p. 3170 9 No, V. p. 553.

p. 546.

and

and strength. The Posthumous Elays of the celebrated Dr. Adam Smith*, though imperfect, and having apparent refernce to some lyften not completed by the author, are elegantly written, and, in most respects, worthy of his reputation. The memoirs also by which they are accompanied, though they by no means exhaust the subject, are accepiable, of course, till others more complete can be supplied. We have reason to believe that a person very high in office in this country, could have contributed materially to the perfection of this part of the work,

HISTORY.

The first volume of Mr. Maurice's laboribus and very important ancient History of Hindostan having Jately been delivered to his subscribers, we gave to it, in two numbers t, a full and careful consideration. We see with pleasure that the spirit of the author does not flag under the extraordinary difficulties to which he is exposed by the want of proper funds for carrying on a work of such extent, which demands the illustr::tion of plates; and, though this age, whatever else it may be called, is certainly not the age of patrons, we trust that Providence will in some way bestow the means of competing a design in which religion is so nearly concerned. The great discovery and the proof, that the remote periods of Indian chronology, which infidels have been so eager to oppole to the Mosaic history, are merely fabulous, and a fable which may be traced to its origin and design, cannot, we are illing to hope, even in this

i age, be luffered to remain imperfeci, from want of liberality in those who should be the supporters both of letters and religion. The work is written with elegance and vigour, and the ingenious author draws his proofs from all the stores of. oriental learning.

No. VI. p. 665.

# No. IV. p. 367. and VI. p. 618.

Of Mr. Wraxall's History of France, our account was begun some time ago *, and would ere now have been Completed, in a third article upon the subject, but for the severe illness of the person principally employed in drawing it up.

We have found realon to commend it, but ihail reserve our final opinion to our next preface. A brief History of Poland, the production of an anonymous author, fell under our notice in May lait ț, and deserved some praise for the execution. Such accounts, drawn up for temporary purpoles, whenever a particular country becomes an objcct of public attention, seldom are so fit to take ihcir place upon the fielves of history. The Sele Etion from the Semmers Collcetion of Tracts I, will be found a book of utility and amusement to the student of English history; whole taste will, at leaft, be gratifica by orderly airangement, if his appetite fhould be only simulated by poslefiing so small a portion of the whole. M. Feltier continues to give us ihe events of Paris $, as they arise, well felected from the original publications. Another foreigner has succeeded in arranging the events of ancieni hiltory, in chronological order, by a mcıhod of his own: and the Chart of the Abbé Bertiail, will probably be a constant auxiliary to the fludies of the rising generation.

BIOGRAPHY,

In this class of more detailed history we have, at present, more articles than usual to enumcrate; and, without weighing the comparative importance of the lives, or success of the writers, we shall take them as they occur in the order of our numbers. To the several accounts of our great Johnson, Dr. Anderson I, on the cccasion of publishing the English poets col

* No. IV. p. 341. No. V. p. 531. I No.lil. p. 326, Ś No. I. p. 93

No. 1. p. 24.

+ No. IV.

P: 3994 ! No. IV. p. 45

Icêtively

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