An Examination of the Utilitarian Philosophy

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Deighton, Bell, 1870 - 362 sayfa
 

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Sayfa 65 - The only proof capable of being given that an object is visible, is that people actually see it. The only proof that a sound is audible, is that people hear it: and so of the other sources of our experience. In like manner, I apprehend, the sole evidence it is possible to produce that anything is desirable, is that people do actually desire it.
Sayfa 86 - I must again repeat, what the assailants of utilitarianism seldom have the justice to acknowledge, that the happiness which forms the utilitarian standard of what is right in conduct is not the agent's own happiness, but that of all concerned. As between his own happiness and that of others, utilitarianism requires him to be as strictly impartial as a disinterested and benevolent spectator.
Sayfa 34 - Condemn'd to Hope's delusive mine, As on we toil from day to day, By sudden blasts, or slow decline, Our social comforts drop away.
Sayfa 21 - This feeling in most individuals is much inferior in strength to their selfish feelings, and is often wanting altogether, But to those who have it, it possesses all the characters of a natural feeling...
Sayfa 23 - ... this time have acquired positive beliefs as to the effects of some actions on their happiness ; and the beliefs which have thus come down are the rules of morality for the multitude, and for the philosopher until he has succeeded in finding better.
Sayfa 30 - The creed which accepts as the foundation of morals, Utility, or the Greatest Happiness Principle, holds that actions are right in proportion as they tend to promote happiness, wrong as they tend to produce the reverse of happiness. By happiness is intended pleasure, and the absence of pain; by unhappiness, pain, and the privation of pleasure.
Sayfa 79 - If it be a true belief that God desires, above all things, the happiness of his creatures, and that this was his purpose in their creation, utility is not only not a godless doctrine, but more profoundly religious than any other.
Sayfa 210 - Like the other acquired capacities above referred to, the moral faculty, if not a part of our nature, is a natural outgrowth from it ; capable, like them, in a certain small degree, of springing up spontaneously; and susceptible of being brought by cultivation to a high degree of development.
Sayfa 47 - Of two pleasures, if there be one to which all or almost all who have experience of both give a decided preference irrespective of any feeling of moral obligation to prefer it, that is the more desirable pleasure.
Sayfa 38 - The art in which the secret of human happiness in a great measure consists, is to set the habits in such a manner, that every change may be a change for the better.

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