Kullanıcılar ne diyor? - Eleştiri yazın
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Diğer baskılar - Tümünü görüntüle
admit affections animal appear assumes authority beauty become better called carry chap character claim common conception conduct conscience consciousness constitutes contents desire determined difference directed distinction Divine doctrine doubt duty elements equally estimate ethical existence experience expression external fact feeling follow force former function give given hand happiness higher human idea impulse individual instinct intellectual interest judgment kind knowledge latter less limits living look means measure mere mind moral motive nature never object obligation once ourselves pain pass passion perhaps pleasure position possible preference present principle problem psychological question reason regard relations relative result rule scale seems sense sentiments separate side simply social springs of action supposed theory things thought tion true truth turn universal virtue whole wrong
Sayfa 284 - Nature has placed mankind under the governance of two sovereign masters, pain and pleasure. It is for them alone to point out what we ought to do, as well as to determine what we shall do.
Sayfa 287 - ... pleasure and freedom from pain are the only things desirable as ends; and that all desirable things (which are as numerous in the utilitarian as in any other scheme) are desirable either for the pleasure inherent in themselves, or as means to the promotion of pleasure and the prevention of pain.
Sayfa 309 - I must again repeat, what the assailants of utilitarianism seldom have the justice to acknowledge, that the happiness which forms the utilitarian standard of what is right in conduct, is not the agent's own happiness, but that of all concerned. As between his own happiness and that of others, utilitarianism requires him to be as strictly impartial as a disinterested and benevolent spectator.
Sayfa 295 - Few human creatures would consent to be changed into any of the lower animals for a promise of the fullest allowance of a beast's pleasures; no intelligent human being would consent to be a fool, no instructed person would be an ignoramus, no person of feeling and conscience would be selfish and base, even though they should be persuaded that the fool...
Sayfa 287 - I believe that these sources of evidence, impartially consulted, will declare that desiring a thing and finding it pleasant, aversion to it and thinking of it as painful, are phenomena entirely inseparable or rather two parts of the same phenomenon; in strictness of language, two different modes of naming the same psychological fact...
Sayfa 296 - ... the test of quality, and the rule for measuring it against quantity, being the preference felt by those who in their opportunities of experience, to which must be added their habits of self-consciousness and self-observation, are best furnished with the means of comparison.
Sayfa 289 - I may therefore conclude that the passion of laughter is nothing else but sudden glory arising from some sudden conception of some eminency in ourselves, by comparison with the infirmity of others, or with our own formerly...
Sayfa 304 - Intense, long, certain, speedy, fruitful, pure — Such marks in pleasures and in pains endure. Such pleasures seek, if private be thy end: If it be public, wide let them extend. Such pains avoid, whichever be thy view: If pains must come, let them extend to few.
Sayfa 87 - This remark implies the tacit conclusion, which will be to most very startling, that the sense of duty or moral obligation is transitory, and will diminish as fast as moralization increases.