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the person addressed by the first “Lord”? And who by “my” the prophetic historian? What is the signification of “sit,” and what the import of the phrase, “ at my right hand,” and what the duration of “until,” and when, historically, was the second Lord placed at the right of the first Lord? Let us briefly answer these important questions. “The Lord” is evidently God, the Father, the Ancient of Days. “My Lord” is evidently Jesus, the Messiah. The prophetic historian who said “My Lord,” is unquestionably David, “ the sweet singer of Israel.”
All this appears from the evidence of Jesus himself: “ While the Pharisees were gathered together, Jesus asked them, saying, What think ye of Christ? Whose son is he? They say unto him, The son of David. He saith unto them, How, then, doth David in spirit call him Lord, saying, The Lord said unto my Lord, Sit thou on my right hand till I make thine enemies thy footstool. If David then call him Lord, how is he his son?” And it further appears from many subsequent testimonies of the apostles. The term “sit " expresses rest after finished work. It indicates that the great work of expiation culminating in the death on the cross was forever completed. The phrase "at my right hand ” clearly teaches two things: First, that Jesus is invested with the divine sovereignty of the universe, all power in heaven and earth, in order to make sure the full fruition of his expiation for sin on the cross. Paul thus expresses the thought in his letter to the Ephesians: “ Which he wrought in Christ, when he raised him from the dead, and set him at his own right hand in the heavenly places, far above all principality, and power, and might, and dominion, and every name that is named, not only in this world but also in that which is to come; and hath put all things under his feet, and gave him to be the head over all things to the church.” (Eph. 1:20-22.) And again to the Philippians: “Wherefore God also hath highly exalted him and given him a name which is above every name: That at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of things in heaven, and things in earth, and things under the earth; and every tongue should confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father.” (Phil. 2:9II.)
Our Lord himself claims this sovereignty and makes it the predicate of his great commission: “And Jesus came and spake unto them, saying, All power is given unto me in heaven and in earth.” Second, the phrase "at my right hand " indicates the place of his sovereignty. It is heaven, the Father's home. As Peter says: “ Whom the heavens must receive until the times of restitution of all things, which God hath spoken by the mouth of all his holy prophets since the world began.” (Acts 3:21.) It was there that dying Stephen saw him.
But he, being full of the Holy Ghost, looked up steadfastly into heaven, and saw the glory of God, and Jesus standing on the right hand of God, and said, Behold, I see the heavens opened and the Son of Man standing on the right hand of God.” (Acts 7:55-56.) And it is there “the spirits of just men made perfect” keep company with him until the resurrection of their bodies: “But ye are come unto Mount Zion and unto the city of the living God, the heavenly Jerusalem, and to an innumerable company of angels, to the general assembly and church of the firstborn, which are written in heaven, and to God, the Judge of all, and to the spirits of just men made perfect,” (Heb. 12: 22-24) and, “ For if we believe that Jesus died and rose again, even so them also which sleep in Jesus will God bring with him.” (1 Thess. 4: 14.) So that the phrase, “ at my right hand,” means that Jesus, after his humiliation and death, his resurrection and ascension, was not only crowned with glory and honor in heaven, but abides there as an enthroned Providence, a providence of omnipotence, omniscience and omnipresence, holding in his hands the whole government of the entire universe. So Peter expresses it: “Men and brethren, let me freely speak unto you of the patriarch David, that he is both dead and buried, and his sepulcher is with us unto this day. Therefore, being a prophet, and knowing that God had sworn with an oath to him that of the fruit of his loins, according to the flesh, he would raise up Christ to sit on his throne; he seeing this before spake of the resurrection of Christ, that his soul was not left in hell, neither his flesh did see corruption. This Jesus hath God raised up, whereof we all are witnesses. Therefore, being by the right hand of God exalted, and having received of the Father the promise of the Holy Ghost, he hath shed forth this, which ye now see and hear. For David is not ascended into the heavens, but he saith himself, The Lord said unto my Lord, Sit thou on my right hand, until I make thy foes thy footstool. Therefore, let all the house of Israel know assuredly that God hath made that same Jesus whom ye have crucified, both Lord and Christ.” (Acts 2:29-36.)
But to advance in the thought let us ask, What is the duration of " until” ? How long will Jesus, invisible to us on earth, remain in heaven? Our text answers:“Until I make thine enemies thy footstool.” So it is expressed in the letter to the Hebrews: “Thou hast put all things in subjection under his feet. For in that he put all in subjection under him, he left nothing that is not put under him. But now we see not yet all things put under him. But we see Jesus, who was made a little lower than the angels for the suffering of death, crowned with glory and honor; that he, by the grace of God, should taste death for every man.” (Heb. 2:8-9.) And again, in the first letter to the Corinthians : “Then cometh the end, when he shall have delivered up the kingdom to God, even the Father; when he shall have put down all rule and all authority and power. For he must reign until he hath put all enemies under his feet. The last enemy that shall be destroyed is death. For he hath put all things under his feet. But when he saith all things are put under him, it is manifest that he is excepted, which did put all things under him. And when all things shall be subdued unto him, then shall the Son also himself be subject unto him that put all things under him, that God may be all in all.” (1 Cor. 15:24-28.)
For reasons to be set forth later, let us impress on our minds with all possible emphasis that Jesus must remain in heaven, and there exercise his rule, throughout the gospel dispensation. That when he comes again, he comes not to extend the opportunity of salvation, but to close it forever. And the door of preparation is shut. (Matt. 25: 10.) He comes then for judgment and vengeance. So testify the Scriptures: “When the Son of Man shall come in his glory, and all the holy angels with him, then shall he sit upon the throne of his glory. And before him shall be gathered all nations, and he shall separate them one from another, as a shepherd divideth his sheep from the goats. And he shall set the sheep on his right hand but the goats on the left. Then shall the King say unto them on his right hand, Come, ye blessed of my Father, inherit the kingdom prepared for you from the foundation of the world.” (Matt. 26:31-34.) “Then shall he say also unto them on the left hand, Depart from me, ye cursed, into everlasting fire prepared for the devil and his angels, for I was an hungered, and ye gave me no meat; I was thirsty, and ye gave me no drink;