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up by the Waldenses, with the XXXIX Articles of the Church of England, a very striking resemblance will be perceived ; as the following extracts will


Waldensian Confession, Articles of the Church of dated 1120,* translated

England. from the ancient Waldensian dialect.

Of the Creed.

of the three Creeds." “ We believe and main- Art. 8. " The three tain firmly all that is con- Creeds, Nicene Creed, tained in the 12 Articles Athanasius's Creed, and of the Creed, called the that which is commonly Apostles'," &c.

called the Apostles' Creed ought thoroughly to be received and believed."

Of the Deity."


" We believe in God, Father, Son, and Holy Ghost.”

Of Faith in the Holy

Trinity.Art. 1. • There is but one living and true God ....and in unity of this Godhead there be three persons.... the Father, the Son, and the Holy Ghost.”

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* Leger's Hist. p. 92.

+ Athanasius's Creed exists in the old Waldensian dialect, and Leger says the Vaudois were careful in teaching it to their children.

Of the Holy Scripture.


Of the sufficiency of the

Holy Scripture.

“ We consider as the Art. 6. “ In the name holy canonical Scriptures of the Holy Scripture we the books of the Holy do understand those caBible," viz.

nonical books of the old and new Testament, of whose authority was never

any doubt in the church.” (Then follows a list of (The list of sacred books the sacred books from Ge- enumerated in this article nesis to Malachi.)

corresponds with that of the Waldensian confession.)

“ The apocryphal books “ The other books (as which are not received by Hierome saith), the church the Jews, we read, (as doth read for example of Hierome says in his pre

life and instruction of manface to the Proverbs), for ners, but yet doth it not the instruction of the people, apply them to establish any not to confirm the autho- doctrine.” rity of ecclesiastical doctrines.”

(Then is inserted a list of the apocryphal books.)


“ Next follow the books (The books of the New of the New Testament,” Testament as they appear from St. Matthew to Re- in the English version corvelation.*

respond with the Waldensian list from St. Matthew to Revelation.)

Of Original Sin.” Art. 9. Of Original or

Birth-Sin." “ The above books teach Original sin standeth that there is an almighty, not in the following of all-wise, and all-good God, Adam.... but it is the fault who by his goodness bath and corruption of the namade all things ; for be ture of every man that naformed Adam in his own turally is ingendered of the image and likeness; but offspring of Adam,” &c. through the envy of the devil, and the disobedience of Adam, sin has entered into the world, and we are sinners in Adam and by Adam.”

Of Jesus Christ," 8c.

Of the Justification of

Art. 11 “ We are ac-

“ Christ was promised to

* “ One of the most illustrious witnesses we have of the belief of the churches of Italy, at the beginning of the fifth age, is Rufinus, presbyter of Aquileia. As for the rule of faith, which is the Scripture, Rufinus sets down a catalogue of the books of Holy Writ, the same that is at present received by the protestants, calling the books that we reject apocryphal . . . which is an evident mark that the church of Italy made a more accurate distinction of the canonical books from the apocryphal than the church of Rome at that time did. So that Rufinus, in this respect, knew more than Innocent I., who began to confound the canonical writings by a mixture of the apocryphal." --Allix's Remarks, p. 23.

the Fathers who received counted righteous before the law, in order that know. God only for the merits ing by the law their sins, of our Lord and Saviour unrighteousness, they Jesus Christ, by faith, and might desire the coming of not for our own works or Christ to satisfy for their deservings,” &c. sins, and fulfil the law by himself...... Christ is our life, peace, righteousness, shepherd, advocate, sacrifice, and high priest, who died for the salvation of all believers, and is risen again for our justification.” Against Purgatory." of Purgatory."

“ We believe that after Art. 22. “ The Romish this life, there are only doctrine concerning purgatwo places, one for the a fond thing

' saved, which is called Pa- vainly invented....repugradise, and one for the nant to the word of God.” damned, which is called Hell, utterly denying that feigned purgatory of Antichrist, invented in opposition to truth."

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Of the Sacraments.” of the Sacraments." “ We believe that the Art. 25. “ Sacraments sacraments are signs, or the obe not only badges or

.. visible form of holy things.* tokens of christian men's

Comp. Catechism of the Church of England: Quest.“ What meanest thou by this word Sacrament?"-Ans. " I mean an outward and visible sign of an inward and spiritual grace.”

.. We have known no other profession, but rather they sacraments than baptism be certain sure witnesses and the Lord's supper."

and effectual signs of grace

.. There are two sacraments.... baptism and the supper of the Lord."

Of Magistrates.Art. 37. of the civil

Magistrates." " We owe honour to " It is lawful for cbristhe secular power, in sub- tian men at the commandjection, obedience, promp- ment of the magistrate to titude, and in payment of wear weapons, and serve taxes.”

in the wars.”

The comparison thus briefly instituted between that ancient and venerable confession of the Waldensian Church and the XXXIX Articles, serves not only to prove that the doctrines which the Church of England reveres were maintained by the Waldenses, and (embalmed so to speak in this ancient document) preserved from corruption during the dark ages ,-but shews it probable that this celebrated series of ARTICLES of the established church were partly formed by our reformers on the model of a Waldensian confession of faith. If so, how much is the church of England indebted,—how much indeed is every protestant church indebted—to that pure and primitive church, of which a rem

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