Sayfadaki görseller


in the vale; and its vicinity produces vines, mulberry trees, wheat, forage, and chestnuts. A little beyond the town stands Mount Vandelin, on which there is a cave, extremely difficult of access, capable of containing about three hundred persons; a place of refuge of which the Vaudois availed themselves during the ages of persecution when suddenly attacked by their enemies, and where the helpless women and children found a safe, though but a temporary asylum. The Vaudois church is not in the town of La Tour, but lies below Mount Vandelin in the hamlet of Coppiers. The present highly respectable moderator, M. Bert, besides exercising his functions as moderator in visiting other churches, discharges also the duties of a pastor at the church of Coppiers, where the Vaudois assemble for worship from the following places,—La Tour, Roussaings, Taillaret, Chabriols, Coppiers, Bonnet, Borel, Envers, Ravadère, and St. Marguerite-the residence of the present moderator, and station for the parish school. There is in the town of La Tour a seminary called the latin or grammar school, supported by contributions from Holland. From the youth educated in this seminary, candidates are chosen to be sent to Switzerland, and educated as the future pastors of the valleys.

In proceeding farther up the valley we reach another small town, VILLAR, the neighbourhood of which produces wheat, chestnuts, &c. but not much wine. The resident minister, M. Gay, has the pastoral charge, not only of Villar but also of the following hamlets, Bessé, Maussa, Boudeine, Combe, Subiasq, Garins, Liossa, Envers, Chialmis, and Theynaud.

BOBI, still farther up the valley of Luzerne, comprises a district that extends to the mountains which separate Danphiné from Piedmont. Bobi is the residence of the pastor, M. Muston, and contains the church frequented by the inhabitants of several hamlets ;-namely, Arbaud and Pierclay, Abecez, Les Champs, Ferrière, Le Puy, and Romane. Some of these hamlets present scenery that is stamped with awful grandeur. On the mountain opposite Bobi snow remains during the greater part of the year; cascades are seen occasionally; and the Pelice,-a torrent, to check whose ravages a dike was raised at Bobi, by the liberality of the Dutch, many years ago,-rolls in many places over its rocky bed with the impetuosity characteristic of the mountain streams in Switzerland. The Pelice takes its source above the Alp of Pra, and passes on till it pays its tribute to Virgil's king of floods—the Po,

“ Fluviorum Rex Eridanus."


Through the valley of Pérouse, the Cluson, ever meandering in its course, descends from the Alps to the plain. Several villages that decorate its banks, which belonged to the Vaudois, are now inhabited exclusively by Roman catholics. The Vaudois only retain three parishes,-St. Germain, Pramol, and Pomaret.

St. Germain, is a small town in the vale, and surrounded by a fine natural amphitheatre of hills. It has vines in its neighbourhood, and fertile meadows; and a neat modern church in which M. Monet officiates as pastor. The hamlets annexed to St. Germain are-Chabrant, Combine, Sangle, Goundin, Gaydo, (or Garroucin,) Cbenevière and Balmas.

PRAMOL, situate on the mountains, and accessible by a very serpentine and steep road, produces rye, buck-wheat, forage, &c.; but is of course a comparatively barren district. M. Vinçon has the pastoral charge of Pramol and its contiguous hamlets,-namely, Cotabelle, Pemian, Tourmins, and Chaurenc.

POMARET, usually denominated a village in the valley of Pérouse, but more strictly lying within the valley of St. Martin, was the residence of the late accomplished moderator, some of whose works are submitted to the public in this volume. Although the country around is by no means generally fertile, it is not unfavourable for the production of wine. The adjacent hamlets, attached to the church of Pomaret, and under the care of its present pastor, M. Jalla, are Vivian, Aimar, Cerissières, Faure, Aubout, Amfou, and Clot.

There is a very beautiful tract of country, which is neither in the valley of Luzerne, por in that of Pérouse; but so situate as to occupy an intermediate space between those valleys, It comprises the parish of PRARUSTIN, which abounds in productive vineyards. The church is in the adjoining village of St. Barthélemi; and the pastor—M. Rostaing, jun'. — who officiates there, preaches also at the church of Rocheplate. Rocheplate is a still more hilly part of the same district, where chestnut trees, instead of vines, principally abound, and whilst they furnish a supply of food for the inhabitants, screen them from the sun's rays in summer, by their wide-spreading and majestic foliage. Prarustin, includes the following hamlets, Cardonat, Gay, St. Barthélemi, Le Colaret ;and to Rocheplate are appexed Godin, and Rostang.

The Valley of St. Martin is extremely narrow, and generally barren, the mountains rising rather abruptly on each side of an impetuous


[ocr errors]

torrent,--the Germanasque,--that rushes over a rocky channel through its whole extent. The Vaudois occupy the following villages in this part of their territory :-Villeseche, Maneille, Macel, Rodoret, and Pral; all comprehended in a district too cold for the successful cultivation of the vine, but where rye, buckwheat, and potatoes are raised, and cattle reared.

Villeseche is situate on the side of a mountain, and is consequently rather an unproductive spot. There are still some remaining of the family of the Legers at this village, which was the native place of that distinguished historian of his country, Jean Leger, whose standard work, entitled “ Histoire des Eglises Evangéliques des Vallées du Piémont,” will be often referred to in the following pages. The church of Villeseche, under the pastoral care of the assistant-moderator, M. Rostaing, comprehends the hamlets of Larbaret, Du Troussan, aud Comgarin, (included in the commune of Riüclaret ;) Faet, Du Clot, Linsar, Grangette, Pomarat, and Brières.

Maneille, situate also on the slope of a moun. tain, is a still more sterile spot; containing a church which is resorted to by the inhabitants of Chabrances and Du Bussy, (hamlets an

« ÖncekiDevam »