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From the earliest Accounts of Time to the present Period.

WHEREIN

Their remarkable ACTIONS or SUFFERINGS,

their VIRTUES, PARTS, and LEARNING, are
accurately displayed ; with a CATALOGUE of their
LITERARY PRODUCTIONS.

VOL. VIII.

L O N D ON:

Printed for T. OSBORNE, J. WHISTON and B. WHITE,
W. STRAHAN, T. Payne, W. OWEN, W. JOHNSTON,
S. Crowder, B. Law, T. Field, T. DURHAM,
J. Robson, R. Gondly, and E. BAKER.

MDCCLXII.

2101.6.3.

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LOYD (WILLIAM) a very learned English bilhop, was originally of Welch extraction, being grandson of David Lloyd, of Henblas, in the isle

of Anglesey; but he was born at Tilehurst in Berkhire, in 1627, of which place his father, mr. Richard Lloyd, was then vicar, and rector likewise of Sunning, in the same county. He took care himself to instruct his fon [A] in the rudiments of grammar and classical learning; by which means he came to understand Greek and Latin, and something of Hebrew, at eleven years of age; and was entered, in 1638, a student of Oriel college in Oxford, whence, the following year, he was removed to a scholarship of Jesus college. In 1642, he proceeded bachelor of arts, which being completed by determination, he left the university, which was then garisoned for the use of the king; but, after the surrender of it to the parliament, he returned, was chosen fellow of his college, and commenced master of arts in 1646. In the year of king Charles's martyrdom, our author took deacon's orders from dr. Skinner, bishop of Oxford, and afterwards became tutor to the children of fir William Backhouse, of Swallow field in Berkshire, esq;e In 1654, upon the ejection of dr. Pordage by the presbyte

[A] See his epitaph in Willis's survey of the cathedrals of York, &c. p.655: A 2

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rian committee, he was presented to the rectory of Bradfield, in the same county, by Elias Ashmole, esq; patron of that living in right of his wife (B). Accordingly he was examined by the tryers, and passed with approbation; but defigns being laid against him by mr. Fowler and mr. Ford, two ministers at Reading, who endeavoured to bring in dr. Temple, pretending the adyowfon was in fir Humphrey Forfter, he chose to resign his presentation to mr. Ashmole, rather than undergo a contest with those busy mon. In 1656 he was ordained priest, by dr. Brownrig, bishop of Exeter, and the same year went to Wadham college in Oxford, as governor to John Backhouse, esq; who was a gentleman commoner there; with him he continued till 1659. In September 1660, he was incorporated master of arts at Cambridge [C], and, about the same time, was made a prebendary of the collegiate church of Rippon in Yorkshire. In 1666, he was appointed king's chaplain ; and, in December 1667, was collated to a prebend of Salisbury, having proceeded doctor of divinity at Oxford, in the act preceding, In 1668, he was presented by the crown to the vicarage ot St. Mary's in Reading; and the same year was installed archdeacon of Merioneth, in the church of Bangor, of which he was made dean in 1672. This year he obtained also a prebend in the church of St. Paul, London. In 1674, he became residentiary of Salisbury; and, in 1676, he fucCceded dr. Lamplugh, promoted to the fee of Exeter, in the vicarage of St. Martin's in the Fields, Weitminster; upon which occafion he rcfigned his prebend of St. Paul's.

Our author had fliewn his zeal in feveral tracts against popery [D]; and in the fame spirit be published, in 1677, Confiderations touching the true way to suppress popery in this kingdom, &c. on occafion whereof is inferted an Historical account of the reformation here in England: but his design was misreprcfented, and himself charged with favouring the papists. The fact was thus : in this piece he proposed to tolerate such papists as denied the pope's infallibili. ty, and his power to depofe kings, excluding the rest; a method which had been put in practice both by queen Elizabeth and king James, with good success, in dividing, and

[B] He translated into Latin and It is extant in the Afhmolean liEnglish, a Greek epistle of Jeremy brary, no. 1113. Priest, doctor of the Eastern church, (c) Kennet's register and chroto mi. Ashmole, concerning the nicle, p. 250. life of St. George, according to the [D] See the catalogue of his traditions of the Eastern Christians., works in note [M].

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fo by degrees ruining, the whole party. However, he was suipected of complying in it with the court ; and the suspicion increased upon his being promoted to the bishopric of St. Afaph, in 1680: infomuch that he thought it necef lary to vindicate himself, as he did [] effectually, by shew. ing, that, at the very time he made the just-mentioned propoal, the papists themselves were in great apprehension of the thing, as being the most likely to blast their hopes, and to preserve the nation from that ruin which they were then bringing upon it (F].

At length the suspicion intirely vanished in king James the Second's reign, being one of the six prelates who, with archbishop Sancroft, were committed to the Tower, in June 1688, for subscribing and presenting the famous perition to his majesty, againit distributing and publishing in all their churches the royal declaration for liberty of conscience. The issue of this affair is the subject of general history, and well known: and about the latter end of the same year, our bishop having concurred heartily in the revolution, was made lord almoner to king William III. In 1692, he was translated to the fee of Litchfield and Coventry, and thence to Worcester in 1699. In this bishopric he sat till he arrived to the ninety-first year of his age, when, without bosing the use of his understanding, he departed this life at Hartlebury-castle, August 30, 1717; He was buried on the roth of September following, in the church of Fladbury, Dear Evesham, of which his fon was rector, where a moliament is erected to his memory, with a long inscription, or elogy, setting him forth as an excellent pattern of virtue and learning, of quick invention, firm memory, exquisite

ance

[E] In a dedication to the lords, of justice, and ruin the of his sermon on the 5th of No- one half of them more easily, vember 1680.

“ than the whole body at once.' [F] Coleman at that time wrote And cardinal Howard delivered it to the pope's internuncio thus :. as their judgment at Rome : “ Di" There is but one thing to be “'vision of catholics, says he, will " feared (whereof I have a great “ be the easiest way for protestants

apprehenfion) that can hinder" to destroy them.” Collection of * the fuccefs of our designs ; letters set out by order of the house " which is, a division among the of commons. There is a virulent

catholics themselves: by propo- fatire upon him on this occasion, stions to the parliament to ac- in a poem called Faction displayed, cord their conjunction to those lirpposed to be written by the late that require it, on conditions W. Shippen, esq; many years a

prejudicial to the authority of remarkable member of the house of " the pope, and so to persecute the commons. " rell of them with more appear.

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