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are inserted, but also such which are any ways argumentative, or enforcing (whether by examples, the equity of the things, the nature of God, his approbation, promises, or threatening), or any way illustrating or expounding of it, by whatsoever terms they are expressed : whereof a little use of this treatise will soon give full evidence. But, to prevent prejudices and mistakes, and give some light into
and method the Author hath taken, he proposeth these two things :
1. To prevent prejudice. Do not make a judgment from reading one or two texts at the beginning of any head : for, possibly, they may not at the first sight appear so pertinent to the matter as others do which follow; they may be only argumentative, and not positive: for the Author so placed them on purpose, that they might run in order as they lie in the Bible, that the Reader might go to any text of either Testament, without turning backward and forward; and thence it happens sometimes, that Scriptures least to the purpose first occur to view.
Likewise, pass not sentence upon any text under any head, as impertinent to the subject there, until it be seriously weighed: for possibly in so doing, thou mayest discern something in that Scripture which thou never didst observe before, nor mightest have taken notice of, had not the head or subject there turned thy thoughts upon it.
And then, the Author doubteth not, but that the composure itself, when judiciously considered, will prevent another censure, viz. That it is a needless work, as having been done already by others : this being a performance of another nature than any yet extant, and will be more serviceable in sundry views. For, notwithstanding any other helps, the finding out of apt Scriptures for illustrating or confirming any truth which may be upon our thoughts, has ever been, and still is, a difficult and laborious work; and thence men ofttimes use Scriptures, either not apt, according to the intent of the Holy Ghost; or such, the genuine sense of which is doubted.
And as for the use of concordances herein, each man's memory must record the Scriptures: for they must first occur to his thoughts, then his judgment must fix upon some word therein, under which the text is placed ; and it is possible not to hit the right term under which it is; and ofttimes look a long time ere he comes to it, because of the multitude of words there used; and haply miss it at last too,
and be put upon searching under another term. But here we need only turn to the subject inquired after, and, without any such stops, find. Scriptures full and apt thereto (by whatsoever terms or phrases they are expressed) occur to our eye at an instant; and, mostly, all that the Scripture affords on that subject.
II. To give some light into the method, and the use of this work.
1. Take notice, that, in Chap. XI. [Of the Failings of God's Children], the first texts are to prove each person's title to that appellation, then the next following, his failings : and this is done on purpose, that it might appear these are the Failings of God's Children; and so proper to the Head. : 2. Note also, That the words in a parenthesis, beginning with (or) are the marginal readings.
3. Some generał heads have no particulars following, but the whole placed under that general head. This is so done, either because the texts which the Scripture affords on that subject are but few, and so easily run through; or that the matters are so various, that almost every verse carries a distinct meaning in it, yet still relating to the general head; as in that [The Privileges of the Righteous), each text is almost a distinct privilege: so in that [Of the Character of Saints), and some others of like nature. And here to have descended to particular heads, would have been tedious and unnecessary; for the words being there transcribed, the Reader may presently inform himself in the whole, and in every particular.
LASTLY. A little pains in observing the CONTENTS or TABLE in the front of the book, which doth contain the general and particular heads, and also the references thereto, directing to Chapter and Page where each lieth, will enable us to discern more of the method and usefulness of the work, than can be well expressed in a short Introduction.
This therefore shall suffice, presuming the work itself will shew its own usefulness and advantage; holding a man to one subject, and yielding variety of matter to enforce it upon the mind, and leave impressions there : when the bare reading a chapter or two, which some use to do as a task, proves not effectual for that end; and searching proves laborious, and often discouraging and fruitless too.
WHEREIN THE SEVERAL GENERAL HEADS ARE SPECIFIED, THE
SECTIONS AND SUBDIVISION SET DOWN IN ORDER, WITH A
REFERENCE TO THE CHAPTER AND PAGE.
Sect. 1. SHEWING what religion is, and
First. Of his first state
how the knowledge of it is to be at-
Secondly. Of his fall
1 Thirdly. Of man's state by nature,
Sect. 11. The necessity of searching the
since sin entered
ib. Sect. I. Corrupt, unclean, and despe-
Sect. II. Of the Scriptures, their au-
thority, use, end, and excellency 2 See more of sin, chap. xiv.
See preaching of the word, chap. xxv. Sect. 11. Ignorant, opposing the true
CHAP. II. Of God: his nature, attri-
God, and adoring idols
butes, and works
See more of ignorance, chap. xxxvi.
Sect. I. His names, and titles ib.
Sect. Ill. In servitude to Satan and
Sect. it. He is a Spirit
Sect. iii. His excellency, majesty,
Sect. iv. The sad fruit aud end of such
greatness, Perfection, glory, and
sovereignty, and absoluteness. His
See more of God's judgments against
sinners, chap. xiv.
See more in the duty of fearing God,
Fourthly. Under what case the law
Sect. iv. He is invisible
Sect. 1. Under sin and guilt
Sect. v. He is incorruptible
Sect. II. Under the curse thereof 40
Sect. vi. He is the most strong, al-
Seet. III. The deeds of the law, or
mighty, and omnipotent God; a
sacrifices under it, cannot justify
or purge from sin, but still leave
Sect. vii. Heis omniscient, omnipre-
sinners under guilt, condemnation,
Sect. Viit. He is most wise
19 Chap. V. Of man's salvation and re-
Sect. IX. He is most holy
demption; how it came, and by what
Sect. x. He is most just
Sect. xi. He is compassionate, piti Sect. 1. From God only, and no
ful, and merciful
See chap. xxxi.
Sect. 11. Who he is, and by whom
Sect. xii. He is long-suffering, and
this salvation is conveyed, and
wrought: Jesus Christ
Seet. XII. He is gracious, good, and
Sect. III. The excellency of this Sa-
viour, his fulness, and dignity in
Sect. xiv. He is faithfulness and
his person and authority
Seet. xv. He is unchangeable -
Sect. iv. The excellency of this Sa-
viour, his fulness, and dignity in
Sect. xvi. Heis infinite and unsearch-
his nature -
ib: See more in pardon and salvation by
Sect. XVII. He is eternal
Christ alone, chap. viii.
Sect. xvii. He, only, is the true and
ib. Chap. VI. How Christ wrought this sal-
See of worshipping God, chap. xiv. vation for sinners : what he was
Idolatry, chap. xxxviii.
made, and is, and what he did, in
order to it
CHAP. III. Of the one God, Father,
Sect. 1. He is Mediator
Son, and Spirit; or the Trinity 25
See more of Christ's excellency, chap. v.
Sect. 11. He took upon him the na-
ture of man, and humbled himself ib.
Sect. II. He is made an High Priest 57
See more of the Spirit, chap. xix. sect. i.
Sect. iv. He offered himself to God as
CHAP. IV. Of Man, in his first estate,
a sacrifice; suffered for the sins of
wherein he was created; and of his
mankind, made peace through the
shedding of his own blood, by
which he entered into the holiest
Spirit, which are indispensably ne-
cessary to real saints
Sect. v. He fulfilled all righteousness See more of the fruits of faith, chap. ix.
of the law; bore the curse; took Of the fruits of the Spirit, chap. xix.
away the hand-writing of ordinan-
In duties, chap. xiv. xv. xvi.
ces; is our righteousness
61 In each duty in affliction, chap. XX.
See more of justification, chap viii.
In duties to magistrates, chap. xxii.
Sect. vi. He sanctifieth us: is our
CHAP. XI. The children of God them-
selves may be overtaken in faults; are
Sect. vii. He riseth from the dead ib.
not free from sinful dispositions and
Sect. vult. He ascended into heaven:
inclinations in this life; and there-
is our way to the Father, our advo-
fore may deserve to be chastised of
cate and intercessor there
Sect. ix. He is made our king and
Sect. 1. In general it is affirmed
head, to encounter, and conquer
Sect. II. Particular instances of the
our enemies : to rule for and in us 65
failings of God's children recorded 104
Sect. x. He is our prophet and shep-
Sect. u1. God will punish and correct
herd, to teach, guide, and feed us 66
the righteous for sin
Sect. xi. He is our all, in all things :
See God's threatenings and judgments
our completeness and perfection 68
against sin and sinnets, chap. xiv.
CHAP. VII. God's free choice of us in
CHAP. XII. Of the privileges of the
Christ Jesus to eternal life, and call-
righteous, and their excellency above
ing of us according to his purpose others: what God hath done, doth,
and will do for them, more than for
Chap. VIII. Pardon and remission of others; and what they can do with
sins; reconciliation and peace with God, &c.
God; justification and sanctification See more in the next chapter of union
before God; eternal life and salva-
and relation to Christ.
tion free, through the grace of God, See the advantages of faith, chap. ix.
by the death, sacrifice, and sufferings See privileges in afflictions, chap. xx.
74 In times of common calamities, chap. xxi.
ib. See the glory reserved for believers.
Sect. 1. Pardon of sins
ib. CHAP. XIII. Of the union and relation
Sect. 11. Reconciliation and peace
between Christ and his church, and
their mutual love and esteem; toge-
Sect. III. Justification and sanctifica-
ther with the manifestation thereof 119
tion before God
Sect. iv. Eternal life and salvation 80 Chap. XIV. Of the duties of believers,
See more in chap. ix. sect. i.
especially such as would excel. First.
Chap. IX. How men have the benefit
of this salvation; or by what means
Sect. I. In general, to live to God,
it becomes theirs in particular
not to themselves: to be holy, fruit-
ful, walking in the light, in an
Sect. I. By faith
honest, heavenly, and spiritual
Sect. ll. Of faith, in its riature and
conversation, worthy of their high
object, use, benefits, and advanta-
ges, further than as before, relating
calling : to glorify God, and mind
the things above-
to this salvation
In its nature and object
Sect. II. In particular : to love God
the Father, and our Lord Jesus
Sect. Ill. Farther benefits and advan-
Christ, and set our affections on
tages of faith
See more, trusting ir God, chap. xvi.
Sect. III. As fruits of love to God and
Sect. iv. The effects or fruits, by
which we know a right faith
Christ, to delight themselves in
God, long for, pant after him,
See fruits of the Spirit, chap xix.
make their boast of, glory and re-
Sect. v. The dangerous state and is-
joice in God and Christ, as their
sue of unbelief
portion and rest. And to obey and
CHAP. X. Characters of saints, good
hearken to the laws and words of
men, believers, appearing in word
God and Christ
94 First. To delight in, long for, pant
Sect. I. That such may be known
after, make their boast of, glory
from others by their fruits
and rejoice in God and Christ,
Sect. 11. The particular fruits of the
as their portion and rest ib.
Secondly. To obey and hearken to
the laws and word of God in
See more of disobedience, sect. xiv.
Sect. iv. Worship God, and sanctify
See more in chap. xxv. and of idolatry,
Sect. v. To believe, and be found in
the practice of the things of God,
and his worship, but that which
clearly (according to the precepts,
rules, and examples of the scrip-
tures) appears to be Christ's mind,
upon which we can in faith ex-
Sect. vi. To pray unto God: of
prayer at large
See more of afflictions, chap. xx. com-
mon calamities, chap. xxi.
Sect. vii. To take especial notice of
the acts of God's goodness and
mercy; keep memorials thereof,
celebrate his praises, extol him,
and stir up others so to do
Sect. viii. To fear God, and none
else; the arguments for it
L. Not to fear any else; or other
LI. Fear God
Sect. ix. To trust in God, and in
none else, in all cases: the argu-
I. Not in any else
II. In God alone
See more of faith, chap. ix.
Sect. x. To look with faith, and hope,
and perseverance unto God in alí
cases: the arguments for such be-
See more in the nature and use of faith,
Sect. xi. To walk humbly before God,
abasing ourselves, opposing all high
thoughts, and avoiding boasting :
See more of submitting in affliction,
See of death, chap. xxxii.
Sect. XII. The excellence of meek-
ness and patience: the encourage-
See more, duties of brethren in the Lord,
Duties to all men, chap. xvii.
Duties to persecutors, chap. xx.
Sect. XIII. To take heed to our lips,
that our words be not rash, but
true, seasonable, well ordered, and
Sect. xiv. To confess and mourn for
sin, depart from it, and watch
against it: the arguments. God's
complaint against, and reasoning
with sinners : his threatenings and
judgments against sin and sin-
1. What sin is
II. To confess our sins to God;
both our own and others; and
to mourn for them
See more in affliction, chap. xxii.
In common calamities, chap. xxiii.
In prayer, chap. xvi.
III. To depart from sin, and all
appearance of it: hate it, and
avoid the occasions of it: the
See duties in general, sect. i.
IV. God's expostulations, com-
plaints, threatenings, and judg-
ments against sinners, for their
several sins, disobedience, and
See more of man's state by nature,
Of God's correcting his children for sin,
Pardon of sin, chap. viii.
Sect. xv. To own and profess the
true God, and our Lord Jesus
Christ, boldly before men; and to
wait for Christ's second coming 203
1. To own and confess the true
God and our Lord Jesus Christ
See more of owning him in time of per-
secution, chap. xx.
Of perseverance, sect. xvii.
II. To wait for the second coming
See more, his coming to judgment,
Sect. xvi. To walk with God heartily,
uprightly, sincerely, and to follow
him fully and zealously: the rea-
See also hypocrites, &c. chap. xxv.
Sect. xvii. To stick fast to God, and
not to depart from him : to abide
in the faith and practice of his will,
and persevere to the end: the rea-
I. To persevere and abide in faith
and practice, &c.
See more of holding fast to God in time
of affliction, chap. xx.
II. That believers shall have grace
and power to stand
See more of God upholding us in afflic-
tions, chap. xx.
Sect. xvIII. To take care to watch di-
ligently over ourselves, with a
holy jealousy and fear, lest we
should apostatise and depart from
God, his truths, and ways, into