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JOHN A. GRAY'S

PIRE-PROOF PRINTING OFFICE,

16 and 18 Jacob Street, N. Y.

I N D E X.

PAGE

EMBELLISHMENTS

PAGE

276 1. PORTRAIT OF GEORGE FREDERICK HANDEL, en. Fog-Seas of the Moon-Chambers' Journal,

204 graved by Sartain. Food, some talk about Fraser's Magazine,

281 2. PORTRAIT OF JENNY LIND, engraved by Sartain. France of To-day, the Imperial, 3. His MAJESTY MOHAMMED, SHAH OF PERSIA, en. Franklin's Plans, Lady,

425 graved by Sartain. Fuller, Andrew-Trun,

326 4. PORTRAIT OF LOUIS AGASSIZ, engraved by Sar

G tain.

Gold in its Natural Sources London Quarterly
A
Review,

355 German Love-Fraser's Magazine,

269 Æsthetics among the Alps-Element of Power

Germany, Life in-Dublin University Magazine, 38 - Blackwood's Magazine,

98 Agassiz, Louis, .

569

н Ascent of Mount Etna, an-Leisure Hour, 133

Handel, George Frederick,

138 Austria, the Emperor of—London Quarterly Re

Haunted Ship, the Colburn's New Monthly view,

169
Magazine,

548 B

History and Religion, the Mutual Relation of Baronets, the two-Titan, 408

473 Bloody Hand, the— Titan, Bronté, Charlotte-Fraser's Magazine, 532

I Browning's, Mrs., Poems—North British Review, 27 Insanity, Disease, and Religion-London QuarC

145 terly Review,

Interview with the Mother of Napoleon, anCalvin, Wife of-See Ladies of the Reformation.

Leisure Hour,

279 Can you afford to Marry? .

423

Interview with the Shah of Persia, an--Leisure Celestial Fireworks-Leisure Hour,

227
Hour,

421 Chaldea, Discoveries in—Bentley's Miscellany, China—Titan,

65

J
China and the Chinese-Westminster Review, 307 Jew, the Wandering—Eclectic Review, 222
Coroner's Inquest, the-Bentley's Miscellany, 88

K
D

Kemble's State Papers-Fraser's Magazine, 57 Doctrine of Inspiration, the

British Quarterly Kingsley, Rev. Charles, the Genius of-Dublin Reviero,

335
University Magazine,

481

158

How China is peopled—Aion

559

75

L Educational Essays-London Quarterly Review, 49 Ladies of the Reformation-Wife of CalvinEmperors of Austria, the See Austrian

Titan,

82 PAGE

PAGE

Lake Constance, Morning on, (Stanzas,) 249 Progress; its Law and Cause— Westminster Re.

view,

433
LITERARY MISCELLANIES.—143, 144, 287, 288,
430-432, 572,

R
Livingston, Dr., and his African Discoveries-

Romance of the Wreath, the-Dublin University
Leisure Hour,

384
Magazine,

545
Looking and Leaping,

426
123

S
Lorimer's Daughter, the-Titan,
Lunatic Asylums—London Quarterly Review, 492 Sea, Physical Geography of the-Edinburgh Re-

view,

289
M

Segovia, the Aqueduct of New Monthly Maga-
Mercier, Catherine-Tait's Magazine,
399 zine,

566
Shah of Persia, the,

428
MISCELLANEOUS.—Chinese Customs the Anti-

Sleep, the Blessings of-Sharpe's London Maga-
podes of the English, 140; A New Calcu-

zine,

564
lating Machine, 141; Geographical Eth-

Song of the Mountain Stream, the, (Stanzas,) 429
nology, 141; Comets, Visible Nothings,

Stereoscope, Wonders of the

—Dublin University
142; Handel, 221; Amylene, a Substitute

Magazine,

372
for Chloroform, 245; On Mount Sinai,
Studies in History-Leisure Hour,

227
278; Dimensions of the American Lakes,
427; The Persian Ambassador in Paris,

T
428; Hammer and Nail, 571.
Two Years Ago-British Quarterly Review,

192
Moral Philosophy in England, Whewell's His-
| tory of-Dublin University Magazine, . 458

U
Murderer, the Unflinching, (Stauzas.)-Sharpe's

Upas Tree of Fact and Fiction, the--Leisure
London Magazine,

283
Hour,

246
N

V
Nero, the Last Moments of,

286

Valencia, a Romance of—Tait's Magazine, 214
0

Vow, the Fatal-Sharpe's London Magazine, 273
Our Wish; or, The Child of Affection - Titan, 250

W
P
Walpurgis-Night, the-Titan,

516
Philip II. and his Times Edinburgh Review, 1 Water, Boiling—the Boiling Springs of Iceland

555
Pleiades, the-Sharpe's London Magazine, .

114
- Westminster Review,

!

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CHRISTOPHER COLUMBUS, from the grave Nor is this the only circumstance in which he lies, still confers new and very worthy of remark in the volumes now unexpected gifts upon Spain. In the fif before us. These historians of European teenth century he gave her the New or American Spain are neither Spaniards World. In the nineteenth, that New nor Catholics. They belong to another World gives back historians to Spain - race; they profess another faith; they historians, who not only investigate and speak another tongue. Washington Irvdescribe with becoming enthusiasm her ing, Prescott, and Ticknor, are (so to great actions and her conquests in that speak) Englishmen and Protestants; for new hemisphere which is their country, the sons of Protestant England are now but who follow the destinies of Spain her- the rulers of that continent which was dis self to their ancient source, upon her own covered and conquered nearly four hunsoil, and in the past annals of Europe. It dred years ago, by the ancestors of Cathois from America that we have, in our own lic Spain. The history of Spain has fallen, time, received the most extensive survey like her Transatlantic empire, into the of Spanish literature and the most captiv- grasp of foreigners and of heretics. ating narratives of Spanish political his- Is this, then, one of the strange caprices tory; for Ferdinand the Catholic, Isabella of fate in the destinies of nations ? "Or is of Castille, Charles V., and Philip II., in- it one of those mysterious designs of Prospire as much curiosity and interest to vidence upon mankind which remain imthese Transatlantic historians as the ex- penetrable, even after the lapse of ages ? ploits of Cortes in Mexico, or of Pizzarro Not so: it is a natural and consequential in Peru.

fact, which may be fully explained by the history of Spain and of Europe for four

centuries—it is a sentence warrantably * 1. History of the Reign of Philip the Second, pronounced and justified by the course of King of Spain. By WILLIAM H. PRESCOTT. 2 vols.

events. London : 1855. 2. The Rise of the Dutch Republic; a History. By

When Charles V., wearied with power, JOHN LOTHROP MOTLEY. 3 vols. London: "1856. with public affairs, with mankind, and VOL. XLI.NO. I.

1

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with himself, pronounced his third abdica- then said to contain 350 walled towns,
tion, and sought, in the Monastery of and more than 6000 small towns or burghs.
Yuste, the repose he needed for his body Antwerp boasted of 100,000 inhabitants;
and his soul, he bequeathed to his son, and even the Venetian ambassador, in
Philip II., the most vast and powerful spite of his national predilections, did not
monarchy which Christendom had ever scruple to compare that city to the Queen
known. "In Europe, Spain, the north and of the Adriatic. Such was the activity of
the south of Italy, and the Low Countries the manufacturing population in these
-that is to say, Holland, Belgium, and towns of Flanders, that, according to
six of the finest of the present departments Guicciardini, children of five or six years
of the north and north-east of France. In old were profitably employed; and in the
Africa, several of the most important posi- rural districts, amidst fields tilled and
tions on the northern coast, Oran, Tunis; watered as carefully as the plain of Gre-
and, on the western coast, the Cape Verde nada, the intellectual culture of the peo-
Islands and the Canaries. In Asia, the ple was so diffused, that, if we may believe
Archipelago of the Philippines, and several the same authority, it was rare to meet a
of the Spice Islands. In America, the peasant who could not read and write.
Archipelago of the West Indies, Mexico, Thus, in the Spanish empire, the arts of
Peru, and those unexplored territories war and the arts of peace flourished with
which the Romish theocracy had assumed equal splendor; and the same sovereign
the right to grant in fee to Spanish ambi- had at his disposal the gold of Mexico
tion. Philip was also the husband of the and Peru, the infantry of Spain, the indus-
Queen of England. The empire of Ger-try of Flanders, the science, the taste, and
many, which his father had not succeeded the statecraft of Italy.
in transferring with his personal sceptre, These resources lay at his disposal, in
devolved on his uncle Ferdinand—an ally Spain at least, without contention and
80 near that he rather resembled a vassal. without control. Ferdinand and Isabella,
Save this imperial dignity, Philip suc- in the first instance-after them Charles
ceeded to all the dominions of his father, V.-had vanquished the adversaries, and
who had seen, to borrow a fine expression crushed the obstacles, which had formerly
of Montesquieu, “the world expand to limited the authority of the Crown. No
enlarge the field of his greatness ;” and it divisions existed between the kingdoms
was under his reign that the pride of his of Spain. No unbelievers shared the ter-
subjects first boasted that the sun never ritory with the Christian people. With
set within his territories.

the exception of Portugal, marriage and For that period of the world, and in conquest had reduced the Peninsula to a comparison with the contemporary wealth single state. Unity had triumphed in the of other nations, the internal prosperity government as well as in the territory. of these possessions was not less brilliant. The Mendozas, the Guzmans, the Ponces In Spain, an official document, of 1492, sets de Leon-those haughty nobles who could down the population of the kingdom of arm, one against the other, a thousand Castille alone at 6,750,000—about double pikemen, ten thousand men-at-arms, and the amount estimated by Mr. Hallam to who burned in Seville fifteen hundred have formed at that time the population houses of their foes—had been subdued of this country. The permanent revenue by the Crown, and were now arrayed of the Crown of Castille, which in 1474, at about it for its honor and its service. the accession of Isabella, was only 885,000 The Commons of Castille, and that heroic reals, had risen in 1504 to 26,253,334 pair who had marched at their headreals; and the supplies voted by the Cortes Don Juan de Padilla and Doña Maria for that year added 16,113,014 reals—in Pacheco, his wife—had failed, in 1522, in all, 42,396,348 reals, or about £400,000. their struggle for liberty. Neither the The discovery of America, and the inter- feudal nobility nor the municipal bodies of course between the several portions of the Spain had accurately measured their premonarchy, had given a rapid impulsion to tensions by their strength; both these the commercial activity of Spain; her mer-orders had been wanting in political intelcantile marine reckoned, towards the close ligence and in the spirit of organization and of the fifteenth century, nearly 1000 ves- of accommodation which can alone insure sels. Still greater was the progress and that success which is not won without the opalence of the Flemish provinces, difficulty by the best of causes. Neither

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