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276 1. PORTRAIT OF GEORGE FREDERICK HANDEL, en. Fog-Seas of the Moon-Chambers' Journal,
204 graved by Sartain. Food, some talk about Fraser's Magazine,
281 2. PORTRAIT OF JENNY LIND, engraved by Sartain. France of To-day, the Imperial, 3. His MAJESTY MOHAMMED, SHAH OF PERSIA, en. Franklin's Plans, Lady,
425 graved by Sartain. Fuller, Andrew-Trun,
326 4. PORTRAIT OF LOUIS AGASSIZ, engraved by Sar
Gold in its Natural Sources London Quarterly
355 German Love-Fraser's Magazine,
269 Æsthetics among the Alps-Element of Power
Germany, Life in-Dublin University Magazine, 38 - Blackwood's Magazine,
98 Agassiz, Louis, .
н Ascent of Mount Etna, an-Leisure Hour, 133
Handel, George Frederick,
138 Austria, the Emperor of—London Quarterly Re
Haunted Ship, the Colburn's New Monthly view,
History and Religion, the Mutual Relation of Baronets, the two-Titan, 408
473 Bloody Hand, the— Titan, Bronté, Charlotte-Fraser's Magazine, 532
I Browning's, Mrs., Poems—North British Review, 27 Insanity, Disease, and Religion-London QuarC
145 terly Review,
Interview with the Mother of Napoleon, anCalvin, Wife of-See Ladies of the Reformation.
279 Can you afford to Marry? .
Interview with the Shah of Persia, an--Leisure Celestial Fireworks-Leisure Hour,
421 Chaldea, Discoveries in—Bentley's Miscellany, China—Titan,
Kemble's State Papers-Fraser's Magazine, 57 Doctrine of Inspiration, the
British Quarterly Kingsley, Rev. Charles, the Genius of-Dublin Reviero,
How China is peopled—Aion
L Educational Essays-London Quarterly Review, 49 Ladies of the Reformation-Wife of CalvinEmperors of Austria, the See Austrian
Lake Constance, Morning on, (Stanzas,) 249 Progress; its Law and Cause— Westminster Re.
Romance of the Wreath, the-Dublin University
Segovia, the Aqueduct of New Monthly Maga-
Sleep, the Blessings of-Sharpe's London Maga-
Song of the Mountain Stream, the, (Stanzas,) 429
Stereoscope, Wonders of the
Upas Tree of Fact and Fiction, the--Leisure
Valencia, a Romance of—Tait's Magazine, 214
Vow, the Fatal-Sharpe's London Magazine, 273
CHRISTOPHER COLUMBUS, from the grave Nor is this the only circumstance in which he lies, still confers new and very worthy of remark in the volumes now unexpected gifts upon Spain. In the fif before us. These historians of European teenth century he gave her the New or American Spain are neither Spaniards World. In the nineteenth, that New nor Catholics. They belong to another World gives back historians to Spain - race; they profess another faith; they historians, who not only investigate and speak another tongue. Washington Irvdescribe with becoming enthusiasm her ing, Prescott, and Ticknor, are (so to great actions and her conquests in that speak) Englishmen and Protestants; for new hemisphere which is their country, the sons of Protestant England are now but who follow the destinies of Spain her- the rulers of that continent which was dis self to their ancient source, upon her own covered and conquered nearly four hunsoil, and in the past annals of Europe. It dred years ago, by the ancestors of Cathois from America that we have, in our own lic Spain. The history of Spain has fallen, time, received the most extensive survey like her Transatlantic empire, into the of Spanish literature and the most captiv- grasp of foreigners and of heretics. ating narratives of Spanish political his- Is this, then, one of the strange caprices tory; for Ferdinand the Catholic, Isabella of fate in the destinies of nations ? "Or is of Castille, Charles V., and Philip II., in- it one of those mysterious designs of Prospire as much curiosity and interest to vidence upon mankind which remain imthese Transatlantic historians as the ex- penetrable, even after the lapse of ages ? ploits of Cortes in Mexico, or of Pizzarro Not so: it is a natural and consequential in Peru.
fact, which may be fully explained by the history of Spain and of Europe for four
centuries—it is a sentence warrantably * 1. History of the Reign of Philip the Second, pronounced and justified by the course of King of Spain. By WILLIAM H. PRESCOTT. 2 vols.
events. London : 1855. 2. The Rise of the Dutch Republic; a History. By
When Charles V., wearied with power, JOHN LOTHROP MOTLEY. 3 vols. London: "1856. with public affairs, with mankind, and VOL. XLI.NO. I.
with himself, pronounced his third abdica- then said to contain 350 walled towns,
the exception of Portugal, marriage and For that period of the world, and in conquest had reduced the Peninsula to a comparison with the contemporary wealth single state. Unity had triumphed in the of other nations, the internal prosperity government as well as in the territory. of these possessions was not less brilliant. The Mendozas, the Guzmans, the Ponces In Spain, an official document, of 1492, sets de Leon-those haughty nobles who could down the population of the kingdom of arm, one against the other, a thousand Castille alone at 6,750,000—about double pikemen, ten thousand men-at-arms, and the amount estimated by Mr. Hallam to who burned in Seville fifteen hundred have formed at that time the population houses of their foes—had been subdued of this country. The permanent revenue by the Crown, and were now arrayed of the Crown of Castille, which in 1474, at about it for its honor and its service. the accession of Isabella, was only 885,000 The Commons of Castille, and that heroic reals, had risen in 1504 to 26,253,334 pair who had marched at their headreals; and the supplies voted by the Cortes Don Juan de Padilla and Doña Maria for that year added 16,113,014 reals—in Pacheco, his wife—had failed, in 1522, in all, 42,396,348 reals, or about £400,000. their struggle for liberty. Neither the The discovery of America, and the inter- feudal nobility nor the municipal bodies of course between the several portions of the Spain had accurately measured their premonarchy, had given a rapid impulsion to tensions by their strength; both these the commercial activity of Spain; her mer-orders had been wanting in political intelcantile marine reckoned, towards the close ligence and in the spirit of organization and of the fifteenth century, nearly 1000 ves- of accommodation which can alone insure sels. Still greater was the progress and that success which is not won without the opalence of the Flemish provinces, difficulty by the best of causes. Neither