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that your

for our children! Are Ritualists papists in disguise, I ask you, with their abominable priesthood ? I would remind you that this is only a doctrine of Mother Church, for even Rome, by the mouth of Cardinal Cajetan, acknowledges “that nowhere in the Gospel is it said that bread is changed into the body of Christ,” * but only that it is a spiritual food, and done in remembrance of our Saviour.

Q. 64. What is then, that " At the words, 'This is My which is seen and tasted in the Body,' remember Eucharist?

Saviour comes down and is really A. The things seen and tasted present, Body, Soul, and Godhead, are the accidents only of Bread under the sacramental veils of and Wine ; there is the savour, Bread and Wine on the Altar. colour and quantity of bread and Bow down your body and soul wine, without any of their sub- before Him, and worship Him stance; but under those accidents

saying, 'I adore thee, O Body of there is only the and Blood my Lord Jesus Christ, once of Christ.

crucified for me, and now daily sacrificed on Thine altar,'” and “I adore Thee, O Blood of Jesus, poured forth for me upon the Cross !”—Prayer Book for the

Young, pp. 127-9. Q. 68. What is the Mass?

" The Divine Service has many A. In the sacrifice of the Mass, the same Christ is contained, and 1. The Sacrament of the altar, unbloodily offered, Who bloodily because of the place where it is offered Himself upon the Altar of celebrated. the Cross.

2. The Sacrament of the Body and Blood of Christ ; because of the presence of our Saviour's Body and Blood on the Altar in this service.

3. The Eucharist; because it is an offering of thanks and praise to God.

4. THE MASS; either because of the words with which the people are in some countries sent away at the end of the service or because it is the Christian Sacrifice.

5. The Lord's Supper ; because in it we eat the Flesh of Christ and drink His Blood.

6. The Holy Communion ; Cajet, in Aquin., 3 par, Q. 75, Art. 1; Roman Catechism, by

Don. Rev. J. BELL, p. 75.





Q. 69. Of what virtue is the sacrifice in the Mass ?

A. It is truly a propitiatory sacrifice, and is available not only for the sins, punishments and satisfactions of the living, but also for those of the souls in Purgatory.

because in it we are made one with Christ, and Christ with us.

7. The Liturgy ; because it is the Service that God gave, and in which His priests minister.” Plain Guide, pp. 70-71.

" In the sacrifice of the Eucharist, we offer according to Christ's command His Body and Blood to His Father, which is no new sacrifice, but the sacrifice of the Cross, tinued in an unbloody manner, and applied to the members of His Church as occasion requires.”Prayer Book for the Young, P. 79.


Direction of the intention.I desire to offer It with all the love and contrition whereof I am capable, in conformity with those sacred intentions wherewith our Saviour instituted, and our Holy Mother the Church ever offers It. I desire then to offer It :

1. To the glory of Thy Holy Name.

2. In acknowledgment of Thy dominion over me and over all Thy creatures.

3. In memory of the Passion of our Saviour Christ.

4. In thanksgiving for all the benefits ever bestowed upon Thy creatures.

5. For the remission of the sins of all Christians living or dead.

6. For and (here name special intentions).” English Catholics' Vade Mecum, pp. 16-17. PRAYER AFTER CONSECRATION.

“Be mindful, O Lord, of the souls of thy servants N. and N., who are gone hence before us in the sign of faith, and do now rest in the sleep of peace.


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beseech thee, O Lord, to grant unto them and unto all who rest in Christ, a place of refreshment, of light and peace.”Ibid., p.

21. Q. 70. Is this necessary to be “Public worship is of two believed ?

kinds, obligatory and voluntary. A. Yes : and whosoever denies Obligatory worship is that which any of this is accursed, and incap- is enjoined by the commandments able of salvation.

of God or the precept of the Church, and which we cannot neglect WITHOUT SIN. There is only one service of universal obligation in the Church—the service of the Holy Communion.” -Prayer Book for the Young, p. 75.

" Christians who shall be condemned will be speechless when the just Judge shall upbraid them with their folly in having involved themselves in eternal death, since it was so easy to have maintained themselves in spiritual life and health by feeding on His Body which He left them for this end." - Devout Life of Frances de Sales, translated and adapted for the

English Church, p. 79. Holy Communion is at some churches almost always termed the Mass, and persons worship indiscriminately at either the Ritualist or Roman Catholic Church.

Q. 71. May the priest com- A method of assisting at the municate alone, though there be Mass for hearers is given in Vade none besides to communicate ? Mecum, p. 17, before referred to,

A. Yes, the Church of Rome and such forms are given in most doth approve and command soli- Ritualistic works. tary Masses and accounts them a Communion ; partly because the people do spiritually communicate in it, and partly because it is celebrated by a public minister, not only for himself, but also for the people.

The communion by the priest alone is advocated in many Ritualist churches, and one is taught to attend for an act of adoration only. It is in the writer's own knowledge that at a church in Brighton some persons presenting themselves



at High Celebration (in ignorance of the custom of that church) were reluctantly communicated, and after the service, requested to enter the vestry to be severely reprimanded, with a covert threat that in a like offence it would not be administered to them. How this clergyman and his infallible Church can reconcile Christ's words, “ Come unto me all ye that labour and are heavy laden and I will give you rest” (Matt. xi. 28) with such a doctrine as the above Mother Church does not pretend to say, nor how she can reconcile its illegality. Dogmatism and sacerdotalism pronounce a dictum, that no matter how one yearns for Christ's life-giving “Body and Blood," no matter if one comes from a distance, at the whim of a priest the blessing shall not be bestowed if one should happen to arrive at a High Celebration! Shame, shame on a free English people, to submit to be ruled by men who know well they would not as a rule obtain their present power, did they not arrogate to themselves a divine right! Q. 73. What

the cere

An explanation of all these monies used in the Mass?

articles is found in The Church. A. The ceremonies in the Mass man's Guide to Faith and Piety, respect either things, actions, or part II., p. 117, J. MASTERS; and words; among the things are again in a report of the Kilburn garments, places, time, vessels, Branch of the English Church cloths, incense, lights, etc.

Union, published on February Ist, 1885, in the Gazette of that body. To quote fully would go

beyond the limits of this work. Q. 74. What are the garments Moreover without vestments used by the priest in the Mass, blessed by the Bishop or other fit and what is their signification ? person let none venture to cele

A. 1. The amice, or white veil, brate. Of the altar, let the linen which he puts over his head sig- cloths and the corporals, as also nifies mystically, either the Divi- the chalice and paten, be blessed. nity of Christ covered under His Of the clergy, the amice, alb, humanity, or the crown of thorns ; girdle, stole, maniple, and chasu. and, morally, contemplation or ble or tunicle."-Service of the hope. In putting it on he saith, Church according to the Use of “ Put on, O Lord, the helmet of

Sarui, p. 324. salvation upon my head, that I “ It (the Alb) is an emblem of may overcome all diabolical temp- the purity with which priests

should officiate at the altar; and 2. The alb, or long white gar- also represents the white robe ment, signifies mystically the white with which Herod clothed our robe put on our Saviour; and, Lord in mockery. The Girdle morally, faith and innocency. In signifies the cords with which


He was bound, and is also an emblem of the unsullied chastity and purity with which the priest should be invested." Then follows a similar description of the stole, chasuble, cope, and dalmatic, with prayers during the arraying of the priest in the stole, tunic, and cope.—Churchman's Guide to Faith and Piety, pp. 121-3.

putting it on, he saith “ Make me white, O Lord, and cleanse my heart, that being whitened in the Blood of the Lamb, I may enjoy everlasting gladness.

3. The girdle signifies mystically the cords wherewith our Saviour was bound ; and morally (being turned up on both sides) the two means to preserve chastity, viz. fasting and prayer. When he puts it about him he prays, “Gird me, O Lord, with the girdle of purity, and quench in my loins the humour of lust, that there may remain in me the virtue of continency and chastity.” The like account is given of the maniple, vestment, and stole, and of the divers colours of the furniture used in the several seasons, in the Manual of the Poor Man's Devotion, Chap. of the Ornaments of the Mass. Roman Catechism with a Reply thereto by Don Rev. J. Bell, published by RIVINGTON.

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