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for I am thy fellow-servant, and of thy brethen the prophets, and of them which keep the sayings of this book; worship God," and because of this tendency St. Paul warns us in Col. ii. 18," Let no man beguile you of your reward in a voluntary humility and worshipping of angels.” Does then the infallible Church Catholic teach the truth that God teaches "* or its own garbled version “led astray by false teachers”?+ When we but quote the words of some of the apostles, who is to be believed, God's Book or the Priests, and their deceptive machine Romanism and its imitation, Ritualism ?

A. 2. They teach that, as every " TO MY GUARDIAN ANGEL. particular person hath a guardian Sweet Angel of mercy! by heaangel from his birth, so it is fit to

ven's decree, commit themselves more particu- Benignly appointed to watch over larly to him after this manner :“Blessed Angel ! to whose care Without thy protection, so conour loving Creator hath com- stant and nigh, mitted me, defend me this day, I I could not well live, I should beseech you, from all dangers, tremble to die. and direct me in the way I ought When I wander in error my footto walk."

steps recall, Remove from my path what

might cause me to fall; Preserve me from sin, and in all

that I do, May God and His glory be ever

in view. O thon who didst witness my

earliest breath,
Be with me,


in the hour
of my death;
All glowing with love may I

gladly depart, With faith on my lips, and with

hope in my heart. Nor then do thou leave me,

angelical friend ! But at the tribunal of judgment

attend; And cease not to plead for my

soul till forgiven, Then bear it aloft to the Palace

of Heaven.”—Amen. English Catholics' Vade Mecum,

P. 112.

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Q. 34. What religious honour do they give to the Saints ?

A. They pray to them as their intercessors, * make confessions to them; offer incense and make

to them; venerate their images and reliques.

Q. 35. For what reasons do they pray to Saints?

A. That by their help they may obtain benefits from God, who doth confer many favours upon mankind by their merit, grace, and intercession.t

Q. 36. After what manner do they pray to Saints ?

A. They pray to them favourites with God, that they would take them into their protection, and would obtain those things of God for them which they want.

Therefore they plead they have two different forms of prayer ; for to God they properly say, “ Have mercy upon us, hear us; to a Saint, “ Pray for us.”

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“Many wonderful things are told us of this glorious Saint (St. Joseph), and of the many favours, both temporal

and spiritual, which have been granted to those who have honoured him with pious veneration, and devoutly sought his prayers.”. Spiritual Combat, p. 161.

When you see the sweet image of the Blessed Virgin let your thoughts turn to her who reigns in Paradise.”-Ibid., p. 80.

“Let the images of the Saints represent to

you many champions who having bravely run their course have opened the way by which, if you too run, you shall be crowned with them in endless glory.”Ibid., pp. 80 and 81.

two ways

of dealing with the Saints and Angels in Heaven in order to obtain their assistance. The second is to ask for the prayers of those glorious spirits, who not only desire our perfection, but also that we may be in a far higher position than they are ; begging that they may aid you against every enemy and every form of sin, and especially may guard you in the hour of death." -Spiritual Combat, pp. 159 and 160, see pp. 7 and 8.

" There


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Q. 38. What is the worship they give to the Virgin Mary?

A. They fly unto her as the advocatrix of the faithful, the mother of God, that by prayer to her they may obtain help, through her most excellent merits with God.

Q. 39. Have they not some singular forms of devotion to her?

A. Yes ! for apprehending her

“ Blessed is the Virgin Mary the Mother of God, she believed in the Lord, and there is a performance of all things which were

* Refer to p. 8 St. Joseph, and pp. 7 and 9 above, Ritualist side. † See what i Tim. ii. 5 and 6 says on this point.

told her ; lo, she is exalted above the quires of Angels; there may

for us to the Lord our God." - Vade Mecum, p. 121.

she pray


to be, in glory superior to all
created beings, they offer service
to her, beyond what they give
either to Angels or Saints.
l. 40. After

do they apply themselves to
her ?

A. According to some missals they ask her to command her Son, by the right and authority of a Mother, etc.

See p. 8, and pp. 155-159 of The Spiritual Combat.

can be

Of course the answer to this will be that Lawrence Scupoli, author of The Spiritual Combat, was a Romanist, and that to be a true translation nothing was omitted, it being left to the reader's discretion to leave out the parts repugnant to English belief; just so, if the reader were of mature age; but as that book of, as will be shown, a decided immoral tone, was placed in my hands as a young girl of fifteen, there was at that age little or no discretion to omit parts, and most girls or youths would read and insensibly imbibe the doctrines therein taught.

Apropos of the relics of saints, one fails to understand how common-sense nineteenth-century persons gulled to make a pilgrimage-as to Trèves, to see something supposed to be our Saviour's coat. It would indeed be miraculous if His vesture had lasted 1860 years (in spite of His own creation, the clothes moth-whose only abomination is corrosive sublimate—but possibly the Apostles took care to saturate the holy garment with that chemical before handing it over to the Church for the edification of an imbecile nineteenth century !) Moreover, there is not a word in the Bible that He left His coat behind him like Elijah, and it is therefore to be supposed He ascended into heaven in the clothes He then wore, or Scripture would surely have told us something about it as about the parting of His garments (Matt. xxvii. 35). Such an incident, with the visions persons were supposed to see some years ago, only show us how rife priestcraft and superstition are among us, and how necessary it is to bring the results of science to confute such chicanery lest we sink back to the ages of credulity and priestly cruelty and crime, all perpetrated in the holy name of Jesus.

Take the case of St. Paul's Reredos.

“If there be no oratory in the house let some devotional picture or representation (e.g., a picture or figure of the Crucifixion, Christ in His Mother's arms, etc.) be placed in a conspicuous part of the room used for prayers.” "Then let the office of Prime (in the morning) or Compline (at night) be said, all kneeling, or standing with their faces turned towards the sacred object mentioned.” -- Preface, Vade Mecum,

P. iv.

Q. 44. What kind of reverence or worship is required to be given to images and pictures in the Church of Rome?

A. They kiss them, uncover the head, and fall down before them ; offer incense and pray to them, and use all such postures of worship as they would do to the person or persons thereby represented (whether Christ, the Virgin Mary or other Saints) if they were present : and whósoever doth think otherwise is accursed. And accordingly the priest is to direct the people to them that they may be worshipped.

Q. 45. What do they profess is their intention in the reverence they give to images and pictures ?

A. They declare that the honour given to images and pictures is referred to the prototypes, or the persons represented by them, whether God the Father, Christ, Angels, or Saints ; and when they fall down before the image or picture they worship God or Christ, the Angel or Saint.”—Roman Catechism.

“ Latria due to the Cross. Since therefore Christ is adored with the worship of latria, it follows that His image is to be adored with the worship of latria,” (St. Thos. AQUINAS, p. 25, art. 3, ter par, Sum. Theol. Romæ, 1686.)

Popery in its_Social Aspect, p. 185, by R. P. BLAKENEY.

Note.-It should be explained that latria is the highest worship, dulia the inferior.

Repeat slowly and reverently, with your eyes fixed on the figure of Jesus crucified, the Acts of Faith, Hope, Charity, and Contrition, the hymn “Come Holy Ghost," and the Lord's Prayer, with the angelic salutation,* as you will find them set down at the beginning of the Meditations." -Prayer Book for the Young, p. 250.


“Hail the sign, the sign of Jesus,

Bright and royal Tree, Standard of the Monarch, planted

First on Calvary. Hail the sign, all signs excelling, Hail the sign all ills dispelling; Hail the sign hell's power quelling,

Cross of Christ, all hail ! Hail the sign the King preceding,

Key to Hell's domain, Lo! the brazen gates it shatters, Bars it snaps in twain.

Hail, etc.

* Ave Maria, “Hail, Mary, full of grace, the Lord is with thee; blessed art thou amongst women and blessed is the fruit of thy womb, Jesus."

Lo! I sign the cross of Jesus

Meekly on my breast;
May it guide my heart when

Dying be its rest.

Hail, etc.”



Office of the Church of England's Working Men's Society, of which the writer

Associate, and has her medal. I was always taught to wear a small crucifix suspended round the neck, and to kiss it night and morning when putting it on and taking it off; and, poor fool! I thus faithfully assisted my teachers in breaking the Second Commandment. Likewise, here in this neighbourhood, the priest has directed his congregation's attention during the course of his sermon to a print of the Crucifixion.

Q. 47. Do they think it lawful “On entering, if you have to to represent God and the blessed pass the Altar, bow or bend both Trinity by pictures and images, knees a little. Never genuflect and to worship them?

or touch the ground with your A. Such pictures are not only knee, except before the Blessed almost everywhere received in Sacrament. Go down on your the Church of Rome, but right knee then.”—Hints to Peniuniversally tolerated, and are tents, p. 255. recommended as expedient for the people, and proposed to them to be worshipped.

The Ritualist seems not to hurry on here quite so fast, but the tendency to decorate our high churches with Christ in glory, Saints, Apostles, and Angels, is getting near the Roman idea, though God forbid that if He is to have a house made with hands, it should not have the best work of human hands, but one cannot forget St. Paul's words : “Know ye not that ye are the temple of God, and that the Spirit of God dwelleth in you ?”* And moreover, God expressly decrees we are to have no similitudes. †

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