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some sensuality, some the affec- are not done as God hath willed tion, some the desire, of the flesh, and commanded them to be done, is not subject to the Law of God. we doubt not but they have the And although there is no con- nature of sin. demnation for them that believe and are baptized, yet the Apostle

XIV. Of Works of Supererogation. doth confess, that concupiscence VOLUNTARY Works be

sides, over and above, of sin.

Commandments, which they call X. Of Free-Will.

Works of Supererogation, cannot

be taught without arrogancy and THE condition of Man after

impiety: for by them men do dethe fall of Adam is such, that he cannot turn and prepare him

clare, that they do not only render self, by his own natural strength

unto God as much as they are and good works, to faith, and

bound to do, but that they do

more for his sake, than of bounden calling upon God: Wherefore we have no power to do good works

duty is required: whereas Christ pleasant and acceptable to God,

saith plainly, When ye have done

all that are commanded to you, without the grace of God by Christ preventing us, that we may have

say, We are unprofitable servants. a good will, and working with us,

XV. Of Christ alone without Sin. when we have that good will.

of

nature was made like unto XI. Of the Justification of Man. us in all things, sin only except, WE

E are accounted righteous from which he was clearly void,

before God, only for the both in his flesh, and in his spirit. merit of our Lord and Saviour He came to be the Lamb without Jesus Christ by Faith, and not spot, who, by sacrifice of himself for our own works or deservings: once made, should take away the Wherefore, that we are justified sins of the world, and sin, as Saint by Faith only is a most whole- John saith, was not in him. But some Doctrine, and very full of all we the rest, although baptized, comfort, as more largely is ex- and born again in Christ, yet ofpressed in the Homily of Justi- fend in many things; and if we say fication.

we have no sin, we deceive ourXII. Of Good Works.

selves, and the truth is not in us. LBEIT that Good Works, XVI. Of Sin after Baptism.

OT and follow after Justification, can- committed after Baptism is not put away our sins, and endure sin against the Holy Ghost, and unthe severity of God's Judgement; pardonable. Wherefore the grant yet are they pleasing and accept- of repentance is not to be denied able to God in Christ, and do to such as fall into sin after Bapspring out necessarily of a true tism. After we have received the and lively Faith; insomuch that Holy Ghost, we may depart from by them a lively Faith may be grace given, and fall into sin, and as evidently known as a tree dis- by the grace of God we may arise cerned by the fruit.

again, and amend our lives. And XIII. Of Works before Justifica- ed, which say, they can no more

therefore they are to be condemn. tion. WO TORKS done before the grace

sin as long as they live here, or of Christ, and the Inspira

deny the place of forgiveness to tion of his Spirit, are not pleasant

such as truly repent. to God, forasmuch as they spring XVII. Of Predestination and not of faith in Jesus Christ, nei

Election. ther do they make men meet to receive grace, or (as the School- is the everlasting purpose of authors say) deserve grace of con- God, whereby (before the foungruity: yea rather, for that they dations of the world were laid)

he hath constantly decreed by the Law or Sect which he professhis counsel secret to us, to de- eth, so that he be diligent to frame liver from curse and damnation his life according to that Law, and those whom he hath chosen in the light of Nature. For holy Christ out of mankind, and to Scripture doth set out unto us bring them by Christ to everlast- only the Name of Jesus Christ, ing salvation, as vessels made to whereby men must be saved. honour. Wherefore, they which be endued with so excellent a

XIX. Of the Church. benefit of God be called accord THE visible Church of Christ ing to God's purpose by his Spi

is a of rit working in due season: they

men, in the which the pure Word through Grace obey the calling :

of God is preached, and the Sacrathey be justified freely: they be

ments be duly ministered accordmade sons of God by adoption: ing to Christ's ordinance in all they be made like the image of his

those things that of necessity are only-begotten Son Jesus Christ : requisite to the saine. they walk religiously in good works,

As the Church of Jerusalem, and at length, by God's mercy,

Alexandria, and Antioch, have they attain to everlasting felicity.

erred; so also the Church of Rome As the godly consideration of

hath erred, not only in their livPredestination, and our Election

ing and manner of Ceremonies, in Christ, is full of sweet, plea

but also in matters of Faith. sant, and unspeakable comfort to

XX. Of the Authority of the godly persons, and such as feel

Church. in themselves the working of the НЕ Spirit of Christ, mortifying the THE Church hath power to

decree Rites or Ceremonies, works of the flesh, and their earthly members, and drawing up

and authority in Controversies of their mind to high and heavenly

Faith: And yet it is not lawful

for the Church to ordain any things, as well because it doth

thing that is contrary to God's greatly establish and confirm their

Word written, neither may it so faith of eternal Salvation to be

expound one place of Scripture, enjoyed through Christ, as because it doth fervently kindle their

that it be repugnant to another.

Wherefore, although the Church love towards God: So, for curious

be a witness and a keeper of holy and carnal persons, lacking the

Writ, yet, as it ought not to de. Spirit of Christ, to have conti

cree any thing against the same, nually before their eyes the sen

so besides the same ought it not to tence of God's Predestination, is a most dangerous downfall, whereby for necessity of Salvation.

enforce any thing to be believed the Devil doth thrust them either into desperation, or into wretch- XXI. Of the Authority of General lessness of most unclean living, no

Councils. less perilous than desperation. Furthermore, we must receive GENERAL Councils may not

be gathered together without God's promises in such wise, as

the commandment and will of they be generally set forth to us

Princes. And when they be gain holy Scripture: and, in our

thered together, (forasmuch as doings, that will of God is to

they be an assembly of men, be followed, which we have ex

whereof all be not governed with pressly declared unto us in the the Spirit and Word of God,)

they may err, and sometimes have XVIII. Of obtaining eternal sal

erred, even in things pertaining vation only by the Name of dained by them as necessary to

unto God. Wherefore things orChrist.

salvation have neither strength THEY, also are to be had ac- nor authority, unless it may be

cursed that presume to say, declared that they be taken out That every man shall be saved by of holy Scripture.

XXII. Of Purgatory. states of life allowed in the Scrip

tures; but yet have not like naing Purgatory, Pardons, Wor

ture of Sacraments with Baptism, shipping and Adoration, as well

and the Lord's Supper, for that of Images as of Reliques, and also

they have not any visible sign or invocation of Saints, is a fond

ceremony ordained of God.

The Sacraments were not orthing vainly invented, and ground

dained of Christ to be gazed upon, ed upon no warranty of Scripture, but rather repugnant to the

or to be carried about, but that Word of God.

we should duly use them. And in

such only as worthily receive the XXIII. Of Ministering in the

same they have a wholesome efCongregation.

fect or operation : but they that IT

receive them unworthily purchase take upon him the office of

to themselves damnation, as Saint publick preaching, or ministering Paul saith. the Sacraments in the Congregation, before he be lawfully called,

XXVI. Of the Unworthiness of and sent to execute the same.

the Ministers, which hinders not And those we ought to judge law

the effect of the Sacrament. fully called and sent, which be LTHOUGH in the visible chosen and called to this work by men who have publick authority gled with the good, and somegiven unto them in the Congrega- times the evil have chief authority tion, to call and send Ministers in the Ministration of the Word into the Lord's vineyard.

and Sacraments, yet forasmuch as XXIV. Of speaking in the Con

they do not the same in their own gregation in such a Tongue as

name, but in Christ's, and do the people understandeth.

minister by his commission and is a thing plainly repugnant istry, both in hearing the Word

authority, we may use their Min

of God, and in the receiving of the custom of the Primitive Church,

Sacraments. Neither is the effect to have publick Prayer in the of Christ's ordinance taken away Church, or to minister the Sa

by their wickedness, nor the grace craments in a tongue not understanded of the people.

of God's gifts diminished from

such as by faith and rightly do XXV. Of the Sacraments. receive the Sacraments ministered

unto them; which be effectual, SACRAMENTS ordained of Christ be not only badges or

because of Christ's institution and tokens of Christian men's profes

promise, although they be minission, but rather they be certain tered by evil men. sure witnesses, and effectual signs Nevertheless, it appertaineth to of grace, and God's good will to- the discipline of the Church, that wards us, by the which he doth enquiry be made of evil Ministers, work invisibly in us, and doth not and that they be accused by those only quicken, but also strengthen that have knowledge of their ofand confirm our Faith in him. fences; and finally being found

There are two Sacraments or guilty, by just judgement be dedained of Christ our Lord in the posed. Gospel, that is to say, Baptism,

XXVII. Of Baptism. and the Supper of the Lord.

BA Those five commonly called Sa

APTISM is not only a sign of

profession, and mark of differcraments, that is to say, Confir- ence, whereby Christian men are mation, Penance, Orders, Matri- discerned from others that be not mony, and extreme Unction, are christened, but it is also a sign of not to be counted for Sacraments Regeneration or new Birth, whereof the Gospel, being such as have by, as by an instrument, they grown partly of the corrupt fol- that receive Baptism rightly are lowing of the Apostles, partly are grafted into the Church; the pro

I moshe Word

of God, and the

mises of the forgiveness of sin, and XXX. Of both kinds. of our adoption to be the sons of God by the Holy Ghost, Sare THE Cup of the Lord is not to

be denied to the Lay-people: visibly signed and sealed; Faith

for both the parts of the Lord's is confirmed, and Grace increased

Sacrament, by Christ's ordinance by virtue of prayer unto God. The and commandment, ought to be Baptism of young Children is in ministered to all Christian men any wise to be retained in the

alike. Church, as most agreeable with the institution of Christ.

XXXI. Of the one Oblation of

Christ finished upon the Cross. XXVIII. Of the Lord's Supper. THE Supper of the Lord is not THE offering of Christ once

made is that perfect redemponly a sign of the love that tion, propitiation, and satisfaction, Christians ought to have among for all the sins of the whole world, themselves one to another; but both original and actual ; and rather it is a Sacrament of our there is none other satisfaction for Redemption by Christ's death: in- sin, but that alone. Wherefore somuch that to such as rightly, the sacrifices of Masses, in the worthily, and with faith, receive which it was commonly said, that the same, the Bread which we the Priest did offer Christ for the break is a partaking of the Body quick and the dead, to have reof Christ; and likewise the Cup mission of pain or guilt, were of Blessing is a partaking of the blasphemous fables, and dangerBlood of Christ.

ous deceits. Transubstantiation (or the change of the substance of Bread

XXXII. Of the Marriage of and Wine) in the Supper of the

Priests. Lord, cannot be proved by holy BISHOPS, Priests, and Deacons, Writ; but it is repugnant to the plain words of Scripture, over

Law, either to vow the estate of throweth the nature of a Sacra- single life, or to abstain from mar ment, and hath given occasion to riage : therefore it is lawful also many superstitions.

for them, as for all other ChrisThe Body of Christ is given, tian men, to marry at their own taken, and eaten, in the Supper, discretion, as they shall judge the only after an heavenly and spi- same to serve better to godliness. ritual manner. And the mean XXXIII. Of excommunicate Perwhereby the Body of Christ is received and eaten in the Supper

sons, how they are to be avoided. is Faith.

denunciation of the Church is The Sacrament of the Lord's Supper was not by Christ's ordi

rightly cut off from the unity of

the Church, and excommunicated, nance reserved, carried about, lifted up, or worshipped.

ought to be taken of the whole

multitude of the faithful, as an XXIX. Of the Wicked which eat Heathen and Publican, until he

not the Body of Christ in the use be openly reconciled by penance, of the Lord's Supper.

and received into the Church

a Judge that hath authority thereTHE Wicked, and such as be

unto. void of a lively faith, although they do carnally and visibly press

XXXIV. Of the Traditions of with their teeth (as Saint Augus

the Church. tine saith) the Sacrament of the

IT is not necessary that TradiBody and Blood of Christ, yet tions and Ceremonies be in all in no wise are they partakers of places one, or ytterly like; for Christ: but rather, to their con- at all times they have been divers, demnation, do eat and drink the and may be changed according to sign or Sacrament of so great a the diversities of countries, times, thing.

and men's manners, so that no

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thing be ordained against God's 15 of the worthy receiving of the Word. Whosoever through his Sacrament of the Body and private judgement, willingly and Blood of Christ. purposely, doth openly break the 16 Of the Gifts of the Holy Ghost. traditions and ceremonies of the 17 For the Rogation-days. Church, which be not repugnant 18 of the state of Matrimony. to the Word of God, and be or- 19 of Repentance. dained and approved by common 20 Against Idleness. authority, ought to be rebuked 21 Against Rebellion. openly, (that others may fear to

XXXVI. Of Consecration of Bido the like,) as he that offendeth

shops and Ministers. against the common order of the Church, and hurteth the autho- THE Book of Consecration of

Archbishops and Bishops, and rity of the Magistrate, and wound. Ordering of Priests and Deacons, eth the consciences of the weak lately set forth in the time of brethren.

Eduard the Sixth, and confirmEvery particular or national ed at the same time by authority Church' hath authority to ordain, of Parliament, doth contain ail change, and abolish, ceremonies

things necessary to such Conseor rites of the Church ordained

cration and Ordering: neither only by man's authority, so that hath it any thing, that of itself is all things be done to edifying.

superstitious and ungodly. And XXXV. Of Homilies.

therefore whosoever are conse

crated or ordered according to the the several titles whereof we

cond the forenamed King have joined under this Article, Edward unto this time, or heredoth contain a godly and whole- after shall be consecrated or orsome Doctrine, and necessary for dered according to the same Rites; these times, as doth the former

we decree all such to be rightly, book of Homilies, which were set orderly, and lawfully consecrated forth in the time of Edward the and ordered. Sixth; and therefore we judge them to be read in Churches by

XXXVII. Of the Civil Magistrates. the Ministers, diligently

and dis- Tu Queen's Majesty hath the tinctly, that they may be under- chief power of standed of the people.

England, and other her Domini

ons, unto whom the chief Govern. Of the Names of the Homilies.

ment of all Estates of this Realm, 1 O the right Use of the whether they be Ecclesiastical or Church.

Civil, in all causes doth appertain, 2 Against peril of Idolatry. and is not, nor ought to be, sub3 Oj the repairing and keeping ject to any foreign Jurisdiction. clean of Churches.

Where we attribute to the 4 of good Works: first of Fasting. Queen's Majesty, the chief go5 Against Gluttony and Drunk- vernment, by which Titles we enness.

understand the minds of some 6 Against Excess of Apparel. slanderous folks to be offended; 7 Of Prayer.

we give not to our Princes thé 8 of the Place and Time of ministering either of God's Word, Prayer.

or of the Sacraments, the which 9 That Common Prayers and thing the Injunctions also lately

Sacraments ought to be min- set forth by Elizabeth our Queen

istered in a known tongue. do most plainly testify; but that 10 of the reverend estimation of only prerogative, which we see to God's Word.

have been given always to all god11 Of Alms-doing.

ly Princes in holy Scriptures by 12 of the Nativity of Christ. God himself; that is, that they 13 of the Passion of Christ.

should rule all estates and degrees 14 Of the Resurrection of Christ. committed to their charge by God,

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