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Engroved by Edw. Fruden, zrom the original picture by Sir Antenic Mon. tostory of Myelyfe,

new an hertion in the intrig

Fichmondshire.

Iom ten. Published by Holdsworth & Fail. 18 Saule church Yard and Hatchard & sen Fccadilly, 1828

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THE

LIFE AND OPINIONS

OF

JOHN DE WYCLIFFE, D. D.

ILLUSTRATED PRINCIPALLY FROM HIS

Unpublished Manuscripts;

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WITH

A PRELIMINARY VIEW OF THE PAPAL SYSTEM, AND OF THE STATE OF
THE PROTESTANT DOCTRINE IN EUROPE,

TO THE

COMMENCEMENT OF THE FOURTEENTH CENTURY.

BY

ROBERT VAUGHAN.

VOL. I.

SECOND EDITION,

[ MUCH IMPROVED.

'Quod si deficiant vires, audacia certè

Laus erit; in magnis et voluisse sat est."
PROPERTIUS.

LONDON:

HOLDSWORTH AND BALL,

18, ST. PAUL'S CHURCH-YARD.

M DCCC XXXI.

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PREFACE.

THE name of John de Wycliffe appears in the page of history, as that of the first Englishman whose views of Christianity were such as to induce a renunciation of the spiritual as well as of the temporal power claimed by the pontiffs; and to his mind, nearly every principle of our general Protestantism may be distinctly traced. To diffuse his doctrine among his countrymen, was the object to which his energies were directed in the face of every danger, with an industry which is almost incredible, and with a success which his enemies describe as a leading cause of the revolution which signalized the reign of Henry the eighth. By that event, though the result of imperfect motives in the sovereign, and defective in many of its principles, a value was at length conferred on the birthright of the men of this land, which no second change could have imparted. Such, at least, must be the persuasion of every Protestant believer; and

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