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OBSERVATIONS ON THE GORGIAS MYTH
3. Observations on Tablets affixed to the Judged Souls, in the Meadow of
1. Cosmography and Geography of the Myth .
Soul's káda pois as a Process of Forgetting and Remembering 154-161
3. Resurrection and Metem psychosis
suppose the solution of this problem to be furthered by an Aetiological
THE PROTAGORAS MYTH
1. Is it a "Platonic Myth," or only a “Sophistic Apologue" ?-It is a true Myth,
OBSERVATIONS ON THE TIMAEUS
1. General observations on its scope
2. Purification and Metempsychosis
3. On the Creation of Souls
THE PHAEDRUS MYTH
Context of the Myth
OBSERVATIONS THE PHAEDRUS MYTH
2. The Phaedrus Myth as giving a “Deduction" of the Categories of the Under-
GENERAL OBSERVATIONS ON THE MYTH
and comparison with the Zagreus Myth and with Rabelais
II.-THE DISCOURSE OF DIOTIMA
OBSERVATIONS ON THE DISCOURSE OF DIOTIMA
1. The Discourse at once an Allegory and a Myth-May be taken as a study of
the Prophetic Temperament—The nature of Prophecy .
2. The History of the Doctrine of Daemons
GENERAL OBSERVATIONS ON MYTHS
WHICH SET FORTH THE NATION'S, AS DISTINGUISHED FROM
THE INDIVIDUAL'S, IDEALS AND CATEGORIES
Myths in which we have the spectacle of a Nation's life, (a) led on by a Vision
of its Future, (6) conditioned by its Past. These are (a) the Atlantis
Myth in the Timaeus and Critias, which, taken in connection with the
account of the Ideal State in the Republic, sets forth the Vision of an
Hellenic Empire; (b) the Myth of the Earth-born in the Republic 451-456
THE ATLANTIS MYTH
Abbreviated translation, or rendering
OBSERVATIONS ON THE ATLANTIS MYTH
The Geology and Geography of the Myth
THE MYTH OF THE EARTH-BORN
CONCLUSION—THE MYTHOLOGY AND METAPHYSICS
OF THE CAMBRIDGE PLATONISTS
Cambridge Platonists” represent Plato the Mythologist, or Prophet, rather than Plato the Dialectician, or Reasoner, and in this respect are important for the understanding of our modern English “Idealists," who, it is contended, are “Platonists" of the same kind as Cudworth and his associates
1. THE PLATONIC DRAMA
The Platonic Dialogue may be broadly described as a Drama in which speech is the action, and Socrates and his companions are the actors. The speech in which the action consists is mainly that of argumentative conversation in which, although Socrates or another may take a leading part, yet everybody has
The conversation or argument is always about matters which can be profitably discussed—that is, matters on which men form workaday opinions which discussion may show to be right or wrong, wholly or in part.
But it is only mainly that the Platonic Drama consists in argumentative conversation. It contains another element, the Myth, which, though not ostensibly present in some Dialogues, is so striking in others, some of them the greatest, that we are compelled to regard it, equally with the argumentative conversation, as essential to Plato's philosophical style.
The Myth is a fanciful tale, sometimes traditional, sometimes newly invented, with which Socrates or some other interlocutor interrupts or concludes the argumentative conversation in which the movement of the Drama mainly consists.
The object of this work is to examine the examples of the Platonic Myth in order to discover its function in the organism of the Platonic Drama. That Myth is an organic part of the Platonic Drama, not an added ornament, is a point about which the experienced reader of Plato can have no doubt. The Sophists probably ornamented their discourses and made
1 Cf. Cratylus, 387 Β, το λέγειν μία τις εστι των πράξεων.