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OBSERVATIONS ON THE GORGIAS MYTH

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133

135-151

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suppose the solution of this problem to be furthered by an Aetiological
Myth like that of the Politicus ?—The value of Aetiological Myth as
helping us to “solve" a "universal difficulty” as distinguished from a
“particular difficulty" — It helps us to "put by” the former kind of

THE PROTAGORAS MYTH

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THE TIMAEUS

Context.

Translation

259

261-297

OBSERVATIONS ON THE TIMAEUS

1. General observations on its scope

2. Purification and Metempsychosis

3. On the Creation of Souls

298-302
302-304
304-305

THE PHAEDRUS MYTH

Context of the Myth

Translation

306-307

309-335

OBSERVATIONS THE PHAEDRUS MYTH

1. Preliminary

336

2. The Phaedrus Myth as giving a “Deduction" of the Categories of the Under-
standing—But it also sets forth the Ideas of Reason

337-339
1.-THE MYTH TOLD BY ARISTOPHANES

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Translation

399-407

GENERAL OBSERVATIONS ON THE MYTH

and comparison with the Zagreus Myth and with Rabelais

408-413

II.-THE DISCOURSE OF DIOTIMA

Translation

415-427

OBSERVATIONS ON THE DISCOURSE OF DIOTIMA

1. The Discourse at once an Allegory and a Myth-May be taken as a study of

the Prophetic Temperament—The nature of Prophecy .

428-434

2. The History of the Doctrine of Daemons

434-450

GENERAL OBSERVATIONS ON MYTHS

WHICH SET FORTH THE NATION'S, AS DISTINGUISHED FROM

THE INDIVIDUAL'S, IDEALS AND CATEGORIES

Myths in which we have the spectacle of a Nation's life, (a) led on by a Vision

of its Future, (6) conditioned by its Past. These are (a) the Atlantis

Myth in the Timaeus and Critias, which, taken in connection with the

account of the Ideal State in the Republic, sets forth the Vision of an

Hellenic Empire; (b) the Myth of the Earth-born in the Republic 451-456

THE ATLANTIS MYTH

Abbreviated translation, or rendering

457-464

OBSERVATIONS ON THE ATLANTIS MYTH

The Geology and Geography of the Myth

465-469

THE MYTH OF THE EARTH-BORN

Translation
Note on the Myth of the Earth-born

Pages 471.473

474

CONCLUSION—THE MYTHOLOGY AND METAPHYSICS

OF THE CAMBRIDGE PLATONISTS

The "

Cambridge Platonists” represent Plato the Mythologist, or Prophet, rather than Plato the Dialectician, or Reasoner, and in this respect are important for the understanding of our modern English “Idealists," who, it is contended, are “Platonists" of the same kind as Cudworth and his associates

475-519

INTRODUCTION

1. THE PLATONIC DRAMA

his say.

The Platonic Dialogue may be broadly described as a Drama in which speech is the action, and Socrates and his companions are the actors. The speech in which the action consists is mainly that of argumentative conversation in which, although Socrates or another may take a leading part, yet everybody has

The conversation or argument is always about matters which can be profitably discussed—that is, matters on which men form workaday opinions which discussion may show to be right or wrong, wholly or in part.

But it is only mainly that the Platonic Drama consists in argumentative conversation. It contains another element, the Myth, which, though not ostensibly present in some Dialogues, is so striking in others, some of them the greatest, that we are compelled to regard it, equally with the argumentative conversation, as essential to Plato's philosophical style.

The Myth is a fanciful tale, sometimes traditional, sometimes newly invented, with which Socrates or some other interlocutor interrupts or concludes the argumentative conversation in which the movement of the Drama mainly consists.

The object of this work is to examine the examples of the Platonic Myth in order to discover its function in the organism of the Platonic Drama. That Myth is an organic part of the Platonic Drama, not an added ornament, is a point about which the experienced reader of Plato can have no doubt. The Sophists probably ornamented their discourses and made

1 Cf. Cratylus, 387 Β, το λέγειν μία τις εστι των πράξεων.

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