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according actual addition advance afford agricultural amount animals appears argument arising become capital cause checks civilisation classes comparatively condition consequence consumed continually course cultivation depends diminishing doctrine double earth effect employed employment England equal evil excess existence fact famine fecundity force former given greater hand human illustration improvement increase industry inhabitants instance kind labour land least Lecture less limit maintain Malthus mankind manufacturing marriage means means of subsistence millions minds misery moral multiply nature necessary never numbers object observe once operation period persons physical political economy population present principle production progress proportion Providence question race ratio reason refer regard requires respect restraint result says social society soil speaking species subsistence supply suppose term theory things tion true truth various waste wealth whole writers
Sayfa 207 - For them no more the blazing hearth shall burn. Or busy housewife ply her evening care; No children run to lisp their sire's return, Or climb his knees the envied kiss to share.
Sayfa 55 - Necessity, that imperious all-pervading law of nature, restrains them within the prescribed bounds. The race of plants and the race of animals shrink under this great restrictive law. And the race of man cannot, by any efforts of reason, escape from it.
Sayfa 55 - There is, in short, no bound to the prolific nature of plants or animals, but what is made by their crowding and interfering with each other's means of subsistence. Was the face of the earth vacant of other plants, it might be gradually sowed and overspread with one kind only, as, for instance, with fennel : and were it empty of other inhabitants, it might, in a few ages, be replenished from one nation only, as, for instance, with Englishmen.
Sayfa 54 - The cause to which I allude is the constant tendency in all animated life to increase beyond the nourishment prepared for it.
Sayfa 163 - There are some sorts of industry, even of the lowest kind, which can be carried on nowhere but in a great town. A porter, for example, can find employment and subsistence in no other place. A village is by much too narrow a sphere for him; even an ordinary market town is scarce large enough to afford him constant occupation.
Sayfa 58 - The rate according to which the productions of the earth may be supposed to increase, it will not be so easy to determine. Of this, however, we may be perfectly certain...
Sayfa 56 - The effects of this check on man are more complicated. Impelled to the increase of his species by an equally powerful instinct, reason interrupts his career, and asks him whether he may not bring beings into the world for whom he cannot provide the means of support.
Sayfa 56 - By that law of our nature which makes food necessary to the life of man, the effects of these two unequal powers must be kept equal. This implies a strong and constantly operating check on population from the difficulty of subsistence.
Sayfa 180 - The positive checks to population are extremely various, and include every cause, whether arising from vice or misery, which in any degree contributes to shorten the natural duration of human life.
Sayfa 57 - In the northern states of America, where the means of subsistence have been more ample, the manners of the people more pure, and the checks to early marriages fewer, than in any of the modern states of Europe, the population has been found to double itself, for above a century and a half successively, in less than twenty-five years.