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of the same class, that bloom only in a succeed. The most essential qualificasmoky atmosphere, which adorn every tions in a turn for what is called hu. page of the preface, indicate the hora mour, are, a quick perception of the ticulture of Cockenzie, and the hand ludicrous, and a nice and just sense of that reared them, by a pungency not what are proper objects for ridicule. to be mistaken; and that there is A very improper choice of a subject scarcely a line, and not an entire affords a surer proof of want of talent stanza, in The Vision of Judgment; in this way, than the completest failthat does not bespeak its author a pro- ure in the execution. The man must ficient in the school of the Master-spi- have a depraved taste, and a dull head, rit who spoke by the mouth of Ahab's as well as an unfeeling heart, who prophets. The other pieces, " poems, could discover any thing to laugh at, essays, tales, translations, and ameni- or to make a jest of, in the death of ties," may be from the hand of any any human being, especially a man of body who has not a literary reputation eminence, (whether eminently good or to lose. It is but justice to these eminently bad,) by his own hand. The .“ Five nothings on five plates of delf,” death of any man in any way, is a most to say, that either they are not be- untit subject for mirth; and it is only smeared (as the preface threatened that the death of public enemies, slain in they would be) with the filthy slime open fight, that can ever be just or beof Liberalisın, or my faculties are too coming subjects for rejoicing. Should obtuse to perceive it; and that if there any of the composers of The Liberal is little or nothing in them to please, cut their own throats, or should they there is little or nothing to offend. cut the throats of each other, the tale Which of them are by the author of would be heard with feelings of unCain, — which by the tea-inspired mingled horror by those who might prince of Cockney bards,—which by not think their deaths a loss to society. the ladies of the party, or whether A man could not be found among us any unfledged and hitherto nameless legitimate pretenders,” who would candidates for literary eminence have either laugh or rejoice at it. Perhaps, assisted in furnishing out this intellec- a man who but a short time since, and tual pic-nic, we are not told, and no- not wholly without reason, was looked body will ever ask. One piece is given upon as a superior genius, reduced to as Shelley's, in order, no doubt, to such a state of intellects as to be capajustify the epithets of noblest of hu- ble of composing or aiding in the comman beings, and accomplished scholar position of such a publication as The and friend, bestowed on laim in the Liberal, is a more melancholy spectapreface. It is doing injustice to the cle, and furnishes a inore instructive odoriferous herb, to suppose any thing warning against misusing the gifts of so vapid as the best of them, to be ge- Heaven, than his being overtaken by nuine inspirations of a comfortable death, the lot of all, in its most apdish of tea. If any of them are from palling form, or overwhelmed with the pen of the Cockney, his beverage any calamity to which every man is has been stronger of the water than of liable. the leat' on the evenings that gave

them If the professors of the Liberal schools birth; the canister has been low, the persist in their endeavours to deprave kettle has not boiled, the water has the minds of their followers, and root been smoked, and the nymph or god- out the better feelings of our nature dess, who presides over the pot, has from their hearts, it will be impossible been in one of those unpropitious much longer to distinguish between moods, usually called the struins. Liberalism and Jacobinism. They al

The publication is wound up to a ready begin to approximate. It matclimax of Liberalism at last, and con- ters little what name a party choose to cludes with a page of what are called be known by, or what name is bestowed “Epigrams on Lord Castlereagh.” upon them by others. As a NAME, it These epigrams are expressions of ex- just signifies the party who are known ultation and triumph, and attempts to by that name; and in so far as it conbe jocose on the manner of the Mar- veys an idea of any thing good or bad, quis of Londonderry's death. To say it changes its meaning as the party that they are failures, is not to charge changes its character and conduct. The the writers with want of talent; for Achilles of Bristol is a name that no on such a subject it was impossible to more suggests the dread of Troy to


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the ship-owner, the merchant, the such a reproach ? Were this under

, ? underwriter, or any body, than the stood and considered by the Liberals Simon Taylor of London, the James and other party zealots, we should not Watt of Leith, or the Cụt-luggit Sow see them contending with such earnestof Kirka’dy. The Achilles is a peace- ness, as if their reputation depended able trader, a carrier of rum and upon it, for the right to appropriate to sugar; and the most fervid admirer themselves a favourite party nickname, of the valiant and irascible Greek (if or to fix another, which they suppose my readers can imagine a classical to be in less repute, on their adversaunderwriter) will be as ready as any ries. other man at Lloyds’ to declare that The writers of these epigrams seem the timbers of the Achilles are un- to have been aware that there was sound, and to insure the Hector of something shockingly indecent in thus Cork at a lower premium. When we, insulting the ashes of the mighty dead, whose wits are inellowed in the clumsy and endeavour to mitigate the detestair of Cockenzie, hear the name of ation it is calculated to excite, by Achilles, we more readily think of an telling us, in the preface, that a daily unseemly and shameless man of brass newspaper said, that ' Mr Percy Shelstanding up before the threshold of ley, a writer of infidel poetry, was "Mother West-end,' than of the hero drowned.'. And where was the offence of Greece, or the good ship of Bristol. here? or, supposing the conductor of When we, whom the clowns call Cock- a newspaper to have committed an neys, speak of Greeks, we think not impropriety, what kind of justification • Of deathless deeds atchieved on Trojan is this for men of liberality and letters plains,'

to set up, for repeating the offence but of

and improving upon it? Improper and • Inglorious toils endured at Brixton Mill.' shameful things have been done by Let me ask a question of the Liberals kings, and sycophants, and dandies themselves. When you call the steady who have ideas in their heads, and supporters of established rights. The certain modern barons, and modern Legitimates,' does the idea of rigid ob- bishops too. Does it follow that a servers and stern enforcers of the laws Liberal is therefore justifiable in dopresent itself to

your minds ? or do you ing the same things ? But here there think it a reproach to a state that the go- is not the excuse of example, not even vernment is established and continues the example of a newspaper to plead to be supported by law, and not by vio- in justification or extenuation. It is lence? When you speak of a party in the part of the proper business of a newsstate by the name of the Saints,' do paper to announce such facts as Mr you think of men of holy lives and Shelley's untimely end. In this simpure and heavenly minds, with hearts ple announcement of the fact, I perestranged from the world, its pomps ceive nothing like an attempt to be and vanities, its honours, pleasures, and facetious; no expression of mirth or pursuits? “No, you will say, ' in both exultation on the occasion. It surely these cases we mean to reproach the will not be said that the notification parties with making pretences to which of such an event ought to have been they do not act up.' But the parties accompanied with expressions of rein question never arrogated to them- gret, from men who were known to selves the names you give them; and hold Mr Shelley's writings in abhorif at any time they seem to accept rence, and knew the man only by His them, it is evidently because they will writings. It was an event that affordnot be at the trouble to dispute about ed ample occasion for serious refleca word. They make no pretensions tions, but they were of a nature that to which they do not endeavour to act would have rather looked like insultup. If you think the last named ing than doing honour to the memory party such pretenders as to deserve to of the dead ; and it may have been for have this designation fixed upon them this reason, that the notice was unacas a reproach, in giving them the name companied by any remark whatever, of Saints, you in effect call them hypo. Perhaps the offence consisted in callcrites. Is this Liberal? Is there any ing Mr Shelley a writer of infidel thing in the conduct of the gentlemen poetry. Mr Shelley, in his life-time, who are thus stigmatised to warrant would not have refused the appellaVOL. XIII.


tion, or considered it a reproach. It supposed to be Lord Byron, Mr Leigh was his pride to be known for a wri- Hunt, (what an association of namnes!) ter of infidel poetry. It was only as the late Mr Shelley, and some ladies. a writer of infidel poetry that the Whosoever they may be, I assure world knew of him at all. If there is them that I mean it not in contempt, a misnomer here, it is in calling his but as a compliment, implying a bewritings, Poetry. Whether poetry or lief that they are capable of better not, infidel they were, if they were any things, when I say that they are surthing. Had any thing so devoid of passed on every point on which they meaning, and of merit of every kind, as strive to shine, by the most worthsome of the publications of Mr Shelley, less miscreants, and the meanest of been written in support of any other mankind : by Mr Hone, Mr Henry cause but that of vice and irreligion, Hunt, Mr Wooler, Mr Waddington, it would never have found a reader or Mr Carlile, Mrs Carlile, Mrs a publisher. Indeed, even the en- Miss &c. &c. &c. I earnestly, lightened begin to perceive, in spite of and in perfect sincerity of heart, retheir endeavours to conceal it from commend it to them to apply their themselves, that in proportion as a powers, before it be too late, (I hope man is destitute of talents for any it is not too late already,) to some thing laudable or useful, he will ex- undertaking in which it is creditable cel, when he betakes himself to the to be engaged ; in which it is a high trade of blaspheming his Maker, and honour to excel, and no disgrace to reviling every thing that is usually bear a humble part; in which they accounted honourable and excellent will have the prayers and wishes of all among men.

Even the merit of be- good men for their success; and in ing infidel poetry, is understood to which they can have none but the exhave been insufficient to put off an cellent for competitors or imitators. edition of Mr Shelley's principal

R. S. work.

The composers of the Liberal are London, 24th December, 1822.

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For Populi.

At the commencement of a new vo- of this invaluable treasure-his forlume, and another year, it may be ex- tune is made ;-and if a lady, no other pected that we should say something attraction is necessary to secure a rich by way of proæmium, prolegomenon, or and respectable husband. It is regupreface. But our natural and invincible larly translated into the seven lanmodesty prevents us, as it has always guages of the Peninsula by the Misdone, from talking much, either of sionaries; and the Bramins are now ourselves or of our work. We have beginning to evince a scarcely connothing to wish in the form of praise, cealed curiosity to look into its pages." and nothing to fear in the shape of Our last letter from the Emperor censure, from any of the four quarters Alexander, accompanied by the order of the world, all the civilized inha- of the Grand Cross, and a handsome bitants of which, we have the honour box with his picture, solicited our apto number among our constant readers. pearance at Verona, and offered, if we To gratify our numerous friends and would remove to Russia, to settle upon admirers, however, rather than from us an estate, equal in size to our own any feeling of vanity in our own per- Highlands, in any part of his empire son, we shall copy from a few of the that we chose. We have been invited periodical works of the day, some of to assume the sceptre, as a limited the passages in which THE MAGAZINE Monarch, of the revolted provinces of is mentioned ; and as we shall make Spain in South America, as the only the selection at random, this must be means of a permanent settlement of our apology to friends who may think the distractions of that fine country; themselves neglected by not finding and a dispatch from Washington, their names at present consigned to sealed with the arms of the Union, fame in our immortal pages.

hints that we have but to set our foot The“ Recommendatory Verses” and on the American shore to be elected poetical compliments, in various lan- President. The general feeling in the guages, that have been transmitted to Chambers of Paris is, that failing the us, averaging, when put together, about succession of the present family, no three folio volumes per annum, have one would have a fairer chance of last year amounted to double that being nominated as the most Christian number, or six volumes; of which we King of the French people ; and by may be induced, some day or other, the last packet from the Mediterrato print a couple of 8vo volumes of the nean, we find that we have been named more Elegant Extracts; and the flat- Protector of the Liberties of Greece. tering letters that every day arrive by But we are not ambitious, and feel the mails and packets from every quar

more satisfied with doing our duty to ter of the globe, we find, by our post- our own country and our own King, office account, have this year exceeded than we could be by any change that the former, by a sum of not less than would remove us from our dearly belotwo hundred pounds. An empty lod- ved British Public ging, hired by Mr Blackwood, has been Besides the written testimonies to filled with these documents, so inte- the utility of our labours, the public resting to the future historian; but marks of gratitude which we daily ex. we believe that measures are in con- perience, in requests to sit for pictures, templation for appropriating a portion busts, and so on, demand our warmest of the National Monument to the pre- thanks. Mr Scoular has just finished servation of these valuable papers. a full-length model of our person, to

A demi-official letter from India, be executed in marble, for the Empementions, “ That the greatest benefit ror of China; and our esteemed friend, which our eastern empire derives from Sir Henry Raeburn, has painted us so the opening of the trade, is the more often in his own inimitable style, that regular transmission of Blackwood's it is not now requisite for us to sitMagazine, which is always looked for he dashes us off from mere recollecwith impatience, and devoured with tion, and a long knowledge of our face rapture. Happy is he who has the and form. The last picture of us in good fortune first to receive a packet our court dress, when we waited upon our excellent Sovereign at Holyrood- be traced in the numerous sign-boards; House, with Mr Jeffrey in the back and we have to thank the honest pubground, has, like all the productions lican who put up the very terrible reof John Watson's pencil, been much presentation of our phiz which apadmired.

pears at the bottom of the stair where We feel equally grateful for the ate' the Scotsman is sold. Many people, it tentions of less able artists, who at- is said, who have come with the bad tempt to delineate our features for the intention of purchasing that paper, more humble purpose of decorating have been so terrified at our stern look, sign-boards ; and though we cannot though only on canvass, that they have admire the likeness, or praise the exe- carried their money elsewhere, and cution, yet, as an expression of na- saved their credit by purchasing at the tional feeling, the circumstance speaks other newspaper offices in the neighvolumes. When we passed through bourhood. Stirling lately, it gave us some sur- The delicate manner in which we prise to see the Saracen's-Head of our were nominated as one of the stewards worthy friend Mr Dow metamorpho- for the next Northern Meeting, and the sed into the grave features of Chris- change in the name from Northern to topher North, with but little attention North, demands a separate paragraph, to our particular costume. The ture and our best thanks to the noble Marban is indeed removed; but in place quis who proposed it, and to the Earl of our water-proof hat, an immense of Fife, who made such an excellent Highland bonnet is placed on our and appropriate speech on the occasion. head, and we still wield the identical We have, in fact, been so much cascymitar which was in the hand of our ressed by all parties since the King's Mussulman predecessor. Scarcely an Visit to Edinburgh, that we scarcely inn of any note in Glasgow is now to dare trust ourselves on the streets, out be seen without our picture as an ata of the protection of our carriage. We tractive sign; and in those at Paisley, took no less than an hour to get our effigy is generally crowned by a along the North-Bridge the other day, Kilmarnock cowl or night-cap. All and had at last to take refuge in No. over the west country, the same in- 17, Prince's Street, though we meant signia point out where entertain- to walk farther, to avoid being embrament for men and horses may be pro- ced to death. We were leaning on the cured in the most comfortable manner, shoulder of our clever little friend, Mr and at the cheapest rate. In England, Jeffrey, and accompanied by Professor we have extended our face even to Leslie; and the Sillys who did not Manchester ; and we believe we could know that we were the dearest friends travel from the Land's-End to John- possible, seemed quite surprised at the o'-Groat's-House, and lodge every circumstance. We had not the use of night in North's Inn. Cross-Keys, our right hand for nearly a week after; and Black and Brown Bulls have given for the Whigs squeezed unmercifully way to the attractive features of our at finding us in such company, and benevolent countenance ; and even the the ladies (dear creatures) pressed upmartial faces of Wellington, Blucher, on us so closely, that our habiliments and Abercromby, hạve been altered so smelt of ottar of roses for a fortnight. as to resemble our features, though the But we detain our readers from learnprominent nose of the first, the mus- ing the sentiments of the great litetachios of the second, and the gilded rary republic, of which it has pleased epaulets of the third, enable a connois- them to name us Perpetual Dictator; seur in painting to discover the origi- and so we begin, as the clerks we have nal representation.

appointed to class the articles have so In Edinburgh, where our face is chosen it, with our dearest friend, in better known, a kind of likeness may the


Blackwood's Edinburgh Magazine, No. LXVIII.-It is really refreshing in these days of cant and absurdity, to meet with something worth reading. The King's Visit was calculated to reconcile the moderate of all parties, and it has had that effect to a marvellous degree. The best informed and liberal

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