Feeding the Ten Billion: Plants and Population Growth

Ön Kapak
Cambridge University Press, 5 Kas 1998 - 247 sayfa
At the current rate of increase, the world's population is likely to reach ten billion by the middle of the twenty-first century. What will be the challenges posed by feeding this population and how can they be addressed? Written to mark the 200th anniversary of the publication of Malthus' seminal Essay on the Principle of Population, this fascinating book looks at the intimate links between population growth and agricultural innovation over the past 10,000 years, illustrating how the evolution of agriculture has both shaped and been shaped by the course of world population growth. This historical context serves to illuminate our present position and to aid understanding of possible future paths to food security for the planet. This volume is a unique and accessible account that will be of interest to a wide audience concerned with global population, food supply, agricultural development, environmental degradation and resource depletion.
 

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İçindekiler

Introduction timebomb or treadmill?
xiii
Reaching five million TO 8000 BC
5
22 Australian aborigines
9
23 The Kung San of Dobe
11
24 Tell Abu Hureyra
13
Towards fifty million 8OOO BC2OOO BC
16
32 Shifting cultivation
20
33 The Neolithic Revolution
24
75 A heritage of erosion a hope of conservation
122
the discovery of 24D
124
the insecticide revolution
126
Trojan horse for things to come
128
The fourth billion 19601975
131
82 The dwarfing of wheat and rice
135
83 The rise of the harvest index
137
the gathering storm
139

34 Wheat a complex crop
27
35 The agricultures of China
29
36 Rice an adaptable crop
31
37 The Americas
34
38 Maize the improbable domesticate
36
centres or noncentre?
38
The first halfbillion 2000 BC1500 AD
42
42 The diffusion of agriculture into Europe
45
43 Passage to India
47
44 Pastoral nomadism and the horse
50
45 The plough
52
46 Sumerian grain yields
55
47 Terracing the hills
58
48 Chinampas and the collapse of the Maya
60
49 The fabled Nile
62
410 The maintenance of soil fertility
65
411 European agriculture in the Middle Ages
67
Towards the first billion 15001825
70
52 The impact of Columbus
73
53 The potato in Europe
76
54 High farming in the Low Countries
78
55 The Norfolk agricultural revolution
79
56 Malthus and his Essay on population
82
57 The Irish potato famine
84
The second billion 18251927
88
62 Justus von Liebig and plant nutrition
92
63 Mineral fertilizers and microbial inoculants
95
the chemical control of plant disease
97
65 Crop plant improvement before and after Mendel
99
66 Daylength and soybeans
100
67 The trace nutrient gold rush
103
68 Biological control of pests and weeds
105
69 Botanic gardens and plant introductions
108
The third billion 19271960
112
72 Mechanization replaces men and horses
115
73 Cheaper nitrogenous fertilizers
117
society wedding or shotgun marriage?
119
85 The protein gap and high lysine maize
141
86 Latitude and the Green Revolution
144
87 The internationalization of agricultural research
145
The fifth billion 19751986
149
92 Energy use in agriculture
151
93 Minimum tillage systems
153
94 Genetic resources
156
changing the paradigm
158
96 The genetic engineering of plants
160
The sixth billion 198619989
163
102 Agronomic innovations
165
103 The challenge of improving photosynthesis
168
104 The dilemmas of irrigation
170
105 Sustainability the new watchword
173
What the world eats now
176
112 Food production and our global diet
178
113 Regional variations in food supply
181
114 Hunger malnutrition and poverty
184
115 Animal food and feed
186
116 Food trade aid and stocks
189
117 Some projections into the future
191
Feeding the ten billion
194
122 Will there be enough arable land?
196
123 Intensification
201
124 The imperative of further increase in yield
202
125 The resources for future food production
205
126 Old and new crops
207
127 Global climate change and food supply
209
128 What chance a brown revolution?
212
129 Alternatives in agriculture
215
1210 Dilemmas for agriculturists young and old
217
1211 Food health education and work for how many?
220
Epilogue
223
References
226
Acronyms and abbreviations
240
Index
241
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