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the allotted asylum for the deserv- voluntary contributions to co-opeing, and work houses the refuge for rate in carrying out the views of the undeserving, to prevent their this judicious and charitable instiperishing from want.
tution--which promises great adFrom the lenient system of treat- vantages equally to the children ment which bas been adopted in our themselves to those localities in Union Workhouses, and the endea- our own country where their servour which is made to make them vices are not in demand, and to our comfortable residences for the de- Colonies, where they would be highserving poor, there is great danger ly valued. that a sense of shame shall no longer "I am aware that difficulties and be connected with an abode in work- objections will be raised against the houses; and when that is once done plans suggested, because their sucaway, they will no longer be a check cess depends on the voluntary offerto pauperism.
ings of the charitable people of • In the last year the permanent England, which, it may be urged, number of inmates in the New will not be found adequate, and Forest workhouse has increased therefore the morality and respectthirty; in the summer of 1837 the ability of our peasantry must remain number decreased below seventy ; in a state of hopeless degradation. this summer it has scarcely decreas- But when it is considered how God ed below a hundred. And unless has blest us with an abundance of the system is made stricter towards all things for both rich and poor to the undeserving, and greater en- enjoy, and that the offerings of couragement is given to the desery- charity bring a blessing to the giver ing by a more liberal treatment, we as well as to the receiver,-yea, that can expect no great improvement in “ it is more blessed to give than to the moral character of our peasantry, receive,” will not every difficulty especially in the rising generation. and objection be removed ?
i The Children's Friend Society, “ The poor shall never cease out of under the benevolent superintend- the land; therefore I command thee, ance of Captain Brenton, presents saying, Thou shalt open thine hand an excellent provision for the friend- wide unto thy brother, to thy poor, less children in our work houses. and to thy needy in the land.” Let local associations be extensively Deut. xv. 11. formed and liberally supported by
FEMALE SCRIPTURAL EDUCATION IN IRELAND. An appeal is earnestly made to the Society, arising from annual subfriends of Scriptural education on scriptions, falls far below its annual behalf of the “ LADIES' HIBERNIAN expenditure, and the deticiency has FEMALE SCHOOL SOCIETY,” the hitherto been supplied by the kind funds of which are so low, as 'to and liberal donations of the Christhreaten an immediate curtailment tian public. For this description of of its labours, amongst the poor support, the committee urgently female children of Ireland. There solicit, a considerable sum being at are now TWO HUNDRED AND THIRTY this time required to meet the deEIGHT Schools, supported by the mands upon the Society for the Society, in the different provinces, salaries of the school-mistresses, containing above ELEVEN THOUSAND &c. &c. The committee, in rememFEMALE children, half of whom are bering what has been done in similar the chlidren of Roman Catholics. cases of need, would encourage the These schools are in efficient opera- sanguine hope that renewed help tion, and the majority of them are will be afforded now; and that they superintended by Protestant cler- shall be privileged to pursue, and, gymen ; and
the Society if possible, extend their labours in compelled to close any of them, this interesting cause, for which the only means of exclusively fe- numerous applications have been male scriptural and useful instruc- made. Brethren, be not weary in tion would be withdrawn, and the well doing." girls left to their native ignorance Subscriptions are received by and consequent vicious and idle Seeleys; or the Secretary, 61, Stafhabits. The stated income of the ford Place, Pimlico. DECEMBER, 1838.
HOME AND COLONIAL INFANT SCHOOL SOCIETY.
DURING the last month seven Infant School teachers trained by this institution for the Mico Charity, have sailed to the West Indies. Two
trained by the same Society have also been sent to Brighton, one to a Poor Law Union, one to Keswick, and four to other places.
RESIDENCE OF THE CLERGY.
The following observations of the occasionally, and to satisfy bimself the Bishop of London on the late that his place is properly supplied. Act for promoting the residence of • The power, which is given to the clergy, appear in his lordship’s
the Queen in Council upon a reprerecently published charge.
sentation from the archbishop, made With regard to “residence” at the instance of the bishop, to
• Upon this subject I retain the unite contiguous benefices of small opinion which I expressed in my value and population, will tend to primary charge to the clergy of this diminish the number of pluralities, diocese, that under the present cir- while it will in many cases remedy cumstances of the church plurali- in part the evils which result from ties are in many cases necessary, the poverty of benefices. By the and in some useful; but that they same authority, a separation may ought to be restricted, and certain be made of two or more benefices conditions imposed upon those who which have been improperly united, hold them. Most gladly should I or of which the union, although see that necessity removed, and proper when it was made, has ceased other methods devised of supply- to be so, from a change of circuining sufficient employment for the stances. younger clergy upon their first en- 'I will now briefly notice the trance into the ministry, which is principal changes which have been in truth the only direct advantage made in the law which relates to the to be urged in favour of pluralities. incumbents of benefices with cure of In the mean time they ought cer- souls. tainly to be restricted within the • With respect to residence, every narrowest limits which are consis- clergyman upon
whose benefice tent with the efficiency of the church. there is no house, or no fit house of The act lately passed will not, per- residence, will be held to be legally haps, effect this completely; but it resident, if he reside in some fit will diminish the number of plura- and convenient house, licenced by lities to a much greater degree than the bishop for that purpose, although is generally supposed, and, if no not belonging to, nor within the inconvenience should be found to limits of, such benefice, such house result from it, a still further dimi- being not more than three miles disnution may be practicable at some tant from his church, if in the counfuture time. With respect to the try, or two miles if in any city, distance, beyond which no two borough, or market-town. If this livings can in future be held in plu provision, which I consider to be a rality, I would observe, that as great improvement in the law, be every parish should, if possible, attended to and acted upon by the have a resident clergyman, it is clergy, the cases of apparent nonbetter that the incumbent of two residence will be greatly diminished. benefices, which are not contiguous, It is my intention, in compliance and of small population, should with the recommendation of the serve only one of them in person, archbishop, to call upon incumbents having a curate resident upon the having no house, or no fit house of other, than that he should under- residence upon their benefices, and take the duties of both ; while at who reside, or in my judgment the same time it appears desirable ought to reside, within the prethat the parish which is intrusted scribed distance, to apply for to his curate should be within such licenses such as I have mentioned, a distance of his own residence as in order that I may describe them in may make it easy for him to visit it my annual returns to the Privy
Council as • resident.' For the occasion to issue only one monition purpose of enabling me to send in to an incumbent to reside. * those returns more punctually than
• One of the clauses in the new it has hitherto been in my power to act, which has been strongly obdo, I have to make it my particular jected to, but which in my opinion request to the clergy, that they will was absolutely necessary, empowers strictly comply with the provisions the bishop to require, if he thinks of the act, by which they are re- fit, a resident incumbent to employ quired, within three weeks after the an assistant curate
any benefice receipt of the questions annually the income of which exceeds 5001. transmitted to them by the bishop, the population amounting to 3,000 to return full and specific answers persons; or where there is a smaller thereto.
population than 3,000, but a second • As to the grounds upon which church or chapel two miles from the an incumbent may petition for a parish church, with a population of license of non-residence, an impor- 400 persons. Premising that this tant change has taken place in the provision is not to apply to any law, of which the clergy should be benefice the incumbent whereof was made aware. In future, although in possession at the time of the a license of non-residence may be passing of the act, I hold it to be a granted, as heretofore, to any in- sufficient answer to all objections cumbent who labours under inca. which have been made to this enactpacity of mind or body, such ment to say, that the endowment of license, if sought for on account of every benefice was given by its founthe dangerous illness of his wife or der for the purpose of making a suffichild, can be granted only for a cient provision for the spiritual wants period of six months; nor can it be of the parishioners; and that if onc renewed at the expiration of that elergyman be manifestly insufficient term, except with the allowance of for that purpose, it is but following the archbishop, granted upon a re- out the intentions of the founder, and commendation in writing from the supplying that argent want, which bishop. In the case of wilful non- cannot be supplied in any other residence, where a monition and way, to require the employment of sequestration have issued, if the an assistant. Undoubtedly it will benefice continue under such seques
make certain benefices less valuable tration for one whole year (instead of in a temporal point of view, and so two years, as formerly,) or if it be far will diminish the worth of the twice sequestered within the space
advowson. But it is not the value of two years, such benefice will be- of the benefice, as a saleable comcome ipso facto void ; and if an in- modity, no, nor even as a provision cumbent returning into residence for the incumbent, which is the upon monition shall again absent first object to be looked to ; but the himself from his benefice within pastoral care and instruction of twelve months, the bishop may se
those for whose benefit the whole quester the benefice. I am happy endowment was given. It is to the in being able to state, that in the credit of lay patrons that so little ten years during which I have pre- objection has been made by them to sided over this diocese I have had this alteration of the law.'
BRITISH AND FOREIGN BIBLE SOCIETY.
YOUR Committee, in conclusion (say the Tunbridge Wells Auxiliary,) would merely advert to one other interesting field of labour--that connected with the hop-pickers from Ireland, of whom many thousands are employed in the County of Kent. One hop-planter alone engages the services of three or four thousand. OP these fellow-subjects from the
sister Island, fifteen persons have been formerly known to die in a day on one plantation, no man caring for their souls.” It is gratifying, however, to find, that since the year 1829, 700 copies of the New Testament have been gratuitously distributed by your Committee to these destitute Irish brethren : and it is still more gratifying to be assured
that some have carefully preserved two returns, one relating to one the gift, and have from year to year hundred and fifty-nine families, and made it their companion in leaving the other to one hundred and sixty, and returning from their native not a single Bible or Testament aphome. Copies thus bestowed have pears to have been found in their been actually shewn to our friends possession. The other returns, befor six successive years, by the poor tween twenty and thirty in number, persons to whom they had been exhibit an almost equal destitution given. A fe ind have been of the sacred volume. The following known to sell these gifts, and for a is a Letter from one of the distribuprice greater than that which our tors employed:Auxiliary had originally paid for I have seen hundreds of houses them : but although such an abuse that had not one Bible ! and, more of Christian bounty must be re- astonishing, two or three persons, at gretted, it yet affords convincing the most, in those houses, tbat are proof of the value which the buyers able to read the Scriptures in their attached to the sacred volume. native language! If a reason be
One affecting incident, as related required for this, I will state one, as by a respected neighbouring minis- I have it from their own confession: ter, must not be omitted. A poor Although a wise reigning God was Irish woman from St. Giles's, who pleased to provide for them teachers was picking hops last year in Kent, to teach their children gratis, the had a wicked son, of whom she had utmost they could do, was to purheard nothing for many years; when chase one Bible for as many as they the sad tidings reached her, of his sent to school : and when two or being on board a convict ship at three from a family would be using Portsmouth, under sentence of trans- that book between them, the said portation for life, to a distant co- book was either blotted or torn into lony. Not having a penny in the pieces. Poverty was such a severe world, but possessing a New Testa- restraint over them, together with ment, she begged her way to Ports- the inconvenience of getting the mouth, in order to give into his own sacred copy for their children after hands that blessed book, as the last being taught to read, that the destitoken of his motherly love. The in- tution of the Scriptures has been terview was most affecting. The un- over our forgotten deserts, till the happy convict solemnly assured her “L. AM," that heard the groans of that he would not only read it, with the Israelites in Egypt, was pleased humble prayer to God, during the to provide ways and means for voyage ; but would continue to pe- them ; and I hope will continue to ruse it when arrived at the place of do so, till the Book of God shall be his destination, declaring that he in each house among us.
I cannot would never part with it but with express my consolation at having his life. This very Testament bad had the pleasure of delivering such been given to his poor mother dur- a treasure to so many thirsty and ing the previous hop-picking, by needy people, overwhelmed with your Auxiliary Bible Society. floods of tenderness, and struck with
shame and admiration, when they SCOTLAND.
saw such an unspeakable boon sent A SUPPLY of Four Thousand Bibles within their reach. I am not aware and Testaments were granted, in of any thing that ever came into my the course of the last year, to a way that had such effect upon the Gentleman in Scotland, for distri- feelings of the poor people as this bution among the destitute poor in wonderful supply of the Holy Scripthe Highlands and Islands. From tores, coming so unexpectedly to that gentleman the fullest returns their possession; although there are of the distribution have been re- still many in want. I have been in ceived. The returns give the name a town that had not one Bible within of the parish, the names of the heads the bounds of it; and yet certain of the family, the number of persons people are able to read the Scripin the family, the number that can tures, who borrow a book from each read, the number of Bibles and Tes- of their well-wishers till such time taments already in their possession, as they are called upon to restore it. and the number now supplied. In
THE LATE REV. SAMUEL MARSDEN.
The following account of this pious he would doubtless have stood bigh and lamented Minister, is extracted in the literary world. He was one from the Colonist, a Sidney News- of the numerous eleves of the late paper, and though not strictly cor- Mr. Simeon, of Cambridge, and was rect, yet evinces plainly the high led, we believe, to embark for this esteem in which our departed friend colony as a minister of the Gospel, was held.
when it was a mere receptacle for It may be proper to remark that miserable outcasts from the three Mr. Marsden was, not strictly speak- kingdoms, by the late Mr. Wilberivg, a Missionary, but a Chaplain
force. He was ordained in the year sent out by Government; that he 1793, and entered on his ministerial was required to act as a magistrate, labours in this colony very shortly as well as a minister ; and that in thereafter. the then state of the colony, it was
• Mr. Marsden arrived in the coalmost indispensable, and on various lony at a time when the incomes of accounts desirable, that the two the various civil officers of tbe colooflices should be united, nor do we nial establishment were quite inadconceive it was in any respect really equate to the maintenance of their unfortunate, that he so long conti- families, and he was thus necessinued to unite those arduous offices. tated to eke outhis salary and allow
• This devoted Missionary died ances by engaging, like everybody on the 12th of May. On the 15th else around him, in agriculture, and his funeral took place, and on the in the rearing of sheep and cattle. next day the following notice ap- He did so, as indeed he did whatpeared in the Colonist, Sydney paper. ever he attempted, with enthusiasm,
The remains of the late Rev. and as an importer of sheep and Samuel Marsden, of Parramatta, for cattle of superior breeds, at a time upwards of forty years principal when stock of these deseriptions Episcopal Chaplain of New South was both exceedingly high priced, Wales, were attended to the grave and of a very inferior character, he yesterday, from his residence at certainly proved a benefactor of the Parramatta, by a numerous and re- colony. spectable assemblage of mourners,
• In such circumstances it was including most of the public func- scarcely possible that he could fail tionaries of the colony. Mr. Mars- to acquire property, in a country den had evidently been breaking especially, in which people possesdown for more than two years past, sing a few sheep and cattle, and and his babit of body, and the active managing them with common prulife he had uniformly led since the dence, become rich insensibly. Mr. commencement of his ministerial Marsden's flocks and herds, with no career, bad prepared his friends for great attention on his part, gradua sudden termination of his earthly ally increased to
patriarchal labours. He had gone to Windsor amount, and these, added to his a few days ago, and had probably property in land, rendered him, as caught cold by the way, as he was is commonly imagined, one of the immediately thereafter seized with wealthiest of our colonial proprieerysipelas, which very soon reduced tors at his death. Riches uniformly him to a state of insensibility, and bring a multitude of cares along under which he sunk rapidly into with them : and it were doubtless the arms of death-uttering only a to be wished that there were some few incoherent expressions, indica- means devised for preventing mintive of his hope in God through the isters of religion in future from bemerits and mediation of our Lord coming extensive stockholders in and Saviour Jesus Christ.
this territory, to whatever commu• Mr. Marsden was naturally a nion they belong ; but none of the man of a masculine understanding, present colonial incumbents of great decision of character, and have the same excuse to plead for indomitable energy of mind; and dying wealthy, as the Rev. Mr. if he had enjoyed the benefits of a Marsden. superior education in bis early life, • It was peculiarly unfortunate