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Pierce Penilesse, ed. J. P. Collier (Shakespeare Society, 1842),
212. Tarlton, Richard (d. 1588),—Jests, drawn into three parts, ed. Halliwell (Shakespeare Society, 1844), pp. 24, 25: Old English Jest Books, ed. W. C. Hazlitt (1864), pp. 218, 219.
Capell. Cf. pp. 197 and 198. He describes Edward III. on the title page of his Prolusions or Select Pieces of Antient Poetry, 1760, as “thought to be writ by Shakespeare."
Laneham, Robert, who appears in Scott's Kenilworth. The letter has been reprinted by the Ballad Society (1871), and the New Shakspere Society (1890). Referring to the spelling of the name, Farmer says in a note, “ It is indeed of no importance, but I suspect the former to be right, as I find it corrupted afterward to Lanam and Lanum.”
Meres. “This author by a pleasant mistake in some sensible Conjectures on Shakespeare, lately printed at Oxford, is quoted by the nam of Maister. Perhaps the title-page was imperfect; it runs thus :
. • Palladis Tamia. Wits Treasury. Being the second part of Wits Commonwealth, By Francis Meres Maister of Artes of both Universities.' I am glad out of gratitude to this man, who hath been of frequent service to me, that I am enabled to perfect Wood's account of him ; from the assistance of our Master's very accurate list of graduates (which it would do honour to the university to print at the publick expense) and the kind information of a friend from the register of his parish :—He was originally of Pembroke-Hall, B.A. in 1587, and M.A. 1591. About 1602 he became rector of Wing in Rutland; and died there, 1646, in the 81st year of his age" (Farmer). See Ingleby's Shakspere Allusion-Books or Gregory Smith's Elizabethan Critical Essays. The reference at the beginning of Farmer's note is to Tyrwhitt's Observations and Conjectures upon some passages of Shakespeare, 1766.
the Giant of Rabelais. See As You Like It, iii, 2, 238, and King Lear, iii. 6. 7, 8.
John Taylor. See note, p. 163. “I have quoted many pieces of John Taylor, but it was impossible to give their original dates. He may be traced as an author for more than half a century. His works were collected in folio, 1630, but many were printed afterward,” etc. (Farmer). The reference to Gargantua will be found on p. 160 of the Spenser Society Reprint of the Folio. Taylor refers to Rabelais also in his Dogge of Warre, id., p. 364.
213. Richard the third. “Some inquiry hath been made for the first performers of the capital characters in Shakespeare. We learn that Burbage, the alter Roscius of Camden, was the original Richard, from a passage in the poems of Bishop Corbet ; who introduces his' host at Bosworth describing the battle :
“ But when he would have said King Richard died,
And calld a horse, a horse, he Burbage cried.”
The play on this subject mentioned by Sir John Harrington in his Apologie for Poetrie, 1591, and sometimes mistaken for Shakespeare's, was a Latin one, written by Dr. Legge, and acted at St. John's in our University, some years before 1588, the date of the copy in the Museum. This appears from a better MS. in our library at Emmanuel, with the names of the original performers.
It is evident from a passage in Camden's Annals that there was an old play likewise on the subject of Richard the Second ; but I know not in what language. Sir Gelley Merrick, who was concerned in the harebrained business of the Earl of Essex, and was hanged for it with the ingenious Cuffe in 1601, is accused, amongst other things, 'quod exoletam Tragædiam de tragica abdicatione Regis Ricardi Secundi in publico theatro coram conjuratis data pecunia agi curasset '” (Farmer). 213. Remember whom ye are, etc. Richard III., v. 3. 315.
Holingshed. “I cannot take my leave of Holingshed without clearing up a difficulty which hath puzzled his biographers. Nicholson and others have supposed him a clergy man. Tanner goes further and tells us that he was educated at Cambridge and actually took the degree of M.A. in 1544.-Yet it appears by his will, printed by Hearne, that at the end of life he was only a steward, or a servant in some capacity or other, to Thomas Burdett, Esq. of Bromcote, in Warwickshire. — These things Dr. Campbell could not reconcile. The truth is we have no claim to the education of the Chronicler : the M.A. in 1544 was not Raphael, but one Ottiwell Holingshed, who was afterward named by the founder one of the first Fellows of Trinity College" (Farmer). 214. Hig, hag, hog. Merry Wives, iv. 1. 44.
writers of the time. “Ascham, in the Epistle prefixed to his Toxophilus, 1571, observes of them that “Manye Englishe writers, usinge straunge wordes, as Lattine, Frenche, and Italian, do make all thinges darke and harde,'” etc. (Farmer).
all such reading as was never read. Dunciad, i., line 156, first edition (see Introduction, p. xliv. ; iv., line 250, edition of 1742).
Natale solum. “This alludes to an intended publication of the Antiquities of the Town of Leicester. The work was just begun at the press, when the writer was called to the principal tuition of a large college, and was obliged to decline the undertaking. The plates, however, and some of the materials have been long ago put into the hands of a gentleman who is every way qualified to make a proper use of them” (Farmer). This gentleman was John Nichols, the printer, whose History and Antiquities of the County of Leicester appeared from 1795 to 1815. 215. primrose path. Hamlet, i. 3. 50 ; cf. Macbeth, ii. 3. 21.
Age cannot wither. Antony and Cleopatra, ii. 2. 240.
221. Candide, chapters 9 and 15.
225. general criticism is uninstructive. Cf. Joseph Warton, Adventurer, No. 116: “General criticism is on all subjects useless and unentertaining; but it is more than commonly absurd with respect to Shakespeare, who must be accompanied step by step, and scene by scene, in his gradual developments of characters and passions," etc.
239. line 28. which. The original has who. 241. Oldcastle.
See Rowe, p. 5, and note. 247, note.
Be thus when thou art dead. Othello, v. 2. 18. 248. Barbarian. See notes on Voltaire, pp. 117, etc.
Love's Labour lost. In his edition of L.L.L. (1768), Capell omitted fifteen lines from Biron's speech in Act iv., Sc. 3 (iv. 1 in his own edition, p. 54). He did not record the omission.
249. Nothing perishable about him except that very learning, etc. Cf. Edward Young, Conjectures on Original Composition, 1759, p. 81, and Hurd, Notes on Horace's Art of Poetry, line 286 (1757, i., pp. 213, 4): “Our Shakespear was, I think, the first that broke through this bondage of classical superstition. And he owed this felicity, as he did some others, to his want of what is called the advantage of a learned education.” 251. Macbeth, i. 5. 18, 49; v. 5. 13; v. 3. 23.
practicer of arts inhibited. Othello, i. 2. 78. 254, note.
Shakespeare's magic, etc. Dryden, Prologue to the Tempest, 1667, lines 19, 20.
258. miching malicho. Hamlet, iii. 2. 147.
262. Cadogan, William (1711-1797), a fashionable London doctor, who published in 1771 a Dissertation on the Gout and on all Chronic Diseases, in which he held that gout is “a disease of our own acquiring” and “the necessary effect of intemperance.”
267, note. For if the Jew. Merchant of Venice, iv. 1. 280.
269. Souls made of fire and children of the sun. Edward Young, The Revenge, v. 2.
270. just where youth ends. Cf. Paradise Lost, xi. 245, 246.
270. Old, cold, and of intolerable entrails. Merry Wives, v.
Mrs. Montague. Two chapters in Mrs. Elizabeth Montagu's Essay on the Writings and Genius of Shakespear (1769) deal with the first and second parts of Henry IV. She speaks of “the cowardly and braggart temper of Falstaffe” (p. 103), and says that “gluttony, corpulency, and cowardice are the peculiarities of Falstaffe's composition" (p. 107).
271. golden fool. Timon of Athens, iv. 3. 18.
285. line 27. attacked. The original has attached. The reprints of 1820 and 1825 read attached to.
303. He was shaked of a burning quotidian tertian. Henry V., ii. 1. 124, 91; ii. 3. 10.
Addison, Joseph, xix, 86, 134, Bentley, Richard, 81, nr, 158,
Bermuda Islands, 69, 314.
Betterton, Thomas, xii, xiv, xxxviii,
20, 206, 306, 307, 312, 327.
Biographia Britannica, xix, lvi, lxii,
Birch, Thomas, xlviii, lvii, 324.
Bishop, Hawley, 1.
Bishop, Sir William, 72.
Blair, Hugh, xxxv.
Boccaccio, 178, 332.
Boece, Hector, 195.
Boisteau (Boaistuau), 210, 342.
Boswell, James, xx, lx, 318, 322,
Boswell, James, the younger, 316.
Boyle, Robert, 139, 324.
Broke, Arthur, 342.
Broome, William, xli, 316.
Browne, William, 340.
Buchanan, George, 195, 196.
Buckinghamshire, Duke of, xvi,
Bunbury, Sir Henry. See Han-
Burbage, Richard, 68, 313, 345.
Burgersdicius, 163, 326.