Judaism, Science, and Moral Responsibility

Ön Kapak
Yitzhak Berger, David Shatz
Rowman & Littlefield, 2006 - 303 sayfa
Do human beings have free will? Are they genuinely responsible for their actions? These questions have persisted all through the history of philosophy, but in the 21st century they have become defined more sharply and clearly than ever. Indeed, a vivid and mighty tension underlies today's intellectual struggles over free will. On the one hand, the rapid advances of several empirical disciplines, notably neuropsychology and genetics, threaten our instinctive affirmation that free will and moral responsibility exist. On the other hand, the depth and force of our instincts-our powerful intuition that there is free will, that there is moral responsibility-present, for most people, an almost impenetrable barrier against the sweeping denial of free will suggested by empirical research. The papers in this volume address this tension from a dual vantage point. While drawing heavily upon traditional Jewish texts and teachings, they also offer a blend of scientific, philosophical, psychological, and social insights into this most mystifying of topics. In addition, they illuminate the concept of repentance, a transformation of character that ranks in much of Jewish literature as the highest expression of free will.
 

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İçindekiler

A Scientific Perspective on Human Choice
13
Genetics and Morality
45
Is Matter All that Matters? Judaism Free Will and the Genetic and Neuroscientific Revolutions
54
Use It or Lose It On the Moral Imagination of Free Will
104
Personal Accountability and the Religious Community
153
ChoiceDiminished Behavior and ReligiousCommunal Policy
155
If an Abuser Cannot Control His Impulses What Is the Responsibility of Other Adults in the Community? A Response to Basil Herring
169
Psychological Perspectices on the Process of Repentance
173
Psychotherapy and Teshuvah Parallel and Overlapping Systems for Change
175
To Whom to Where and to When Does One Return in Teshuvahl
189
Index
285
About the Series Editor
291
About the Contributors
293
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Yazar hakkında (2006)

\Yitzhak Berger is Assistant Professor of Bible at Hunter College of the City University of New York. David Shatz, is Professor of Philosophy at Yeshiva University, Adjunct Professor of Religion at Columbia, and editor of The Torah u-Madda Journal, a journal devoted to the interaction between Judaism and general culture. He has published ten books and approximately fifty articles and reviews, dealing with both general and Jewish philosophy. His most recent books are Philosophy and Faith, Questions About God and Peer Review: A Critical Inquiry. He also is editor of the MeOtzar HoRav series, which is devoted to publishing manuscripts by the Jewish philosopher Rabbi Joseph B. Soloveitchik.

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