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The Classical Moralists: Selections Illustrating Ethics from Socrates to ...
Metin Parçacığı görünümü - 1966
able according action affections appear arises beautiful become body called cause character common conceive conception concerning condition conduct consciousness consequently consider consists contrary depend desire determined direct distinct duty equal ethical evil existence express external fact faculty feel follow freedom further give given greater happiness Hence human idea individual infinite instance interest judge justice kind knowledge least less live manner matter means merely mind moral motive nature necessarily necessary never notion object obligation observe opinion ourselves pain particular passions perfect person philosophy pleasure positive possible practical present principle produce qualities question rational reason reference regard relation respect rule seems sense society soul speak suppose term things thou thought tion true truth understand universal vice virtue whole wrong
Sayfa 221 - A LAW OF NATURE, (lex naturalis,) is a precept, or general rule, found out by reason, by which a man is forbidden to do that, which is destructive of his life, or taketh away the means of preserving the same; and to omit that, by which he thinketh it may be best preserved.
Sayfa 221 - The RIGHT OF NATURE, which writers commonly call jus naturale, is the liberty each man hath, to use his own power, as he will himself, for the preservation of his own nature; that is to say, of his own life; and consequently, of doing any thing, which in his own judgment, and reason, he shall conceive to be the aptest means thereunto...
Sayfa 484 - By utility is meant that property in any object, whereby it tends to produce benefit, advantage, pleasure, good, or happiness, (all this in the present case comes to the same thing) or (what comes again to the same thing) to prevent the happening of mischief, pain, evil, or unhappiness to the party whose interest is considered...
Sayfa 479 - the doing good to mankind, in " obedience to the will of God, and for the " sake of everlasting happiness...
Sayfa 45 - You have shown me a strange image, and they are strange prisoners. Like ourselves, I replied ; and they see only their own shadows, or the shadows of one another, which the fire throws on the opposite wall of the cave?
Sayfa 382 - For when the Gentiles, which have not the law, do by nature the things contained in the law, these, having not the law, are a law unto themselves: Which show the work of the law written in their hearts, their conscience also bearing witness, and their thoughts the mean while accusing or else excusing one another;) In the day when God shall judge the secrets of men by Jesus Christ according to my gospel.
Sayfa 444 - When we see a stroke aimed and just ready to fall upon the leg or arm of another person, we naturally shrink and draw back our own leg or our own arm...
Sayfa 488 - By the principle of utility is meant that principle which approves or disapproves of every action whatsoever, according to the tendency which it appears to have to augment or diminish the happiness of the party whose interest is in question: or, what is the same thing in other words, to promote or to oppose that happiness.
Sayfa 369 - For as we have many members in one body, and all members have not the same office; so we, being many, are one body in Christ, and every one members one of another.
Sayfa 484 - A measure of government (which is but a particular kind of action, performed by a particular person or persons) may be said to be conformable to or dictated by the principle of utility, when in like manner the tendency which it has to augment the happiness of the community is greater...