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form a subject of distinct consideration on splendid or too generous. No man who a future occasion. He did not like the looked back at what our military policy comparisons which had been made be- was some time ago, and compared it with tween the noble lord and the duke of our present views and character, but must Marlborough. Each of those illustrious see that through the success and merits of commanders had sufficient merits of their lord Wellington we had become a military own, upon which their fame might rest; people, and that by a series of achievebut since the comparison had been made, ments, each rising above the other in he would say, that it was precisely upon grandeur, he had, although yet in the pecuniary points that the character of the youth of his glory, acquired for himself a duke of Marlborough was vulnerable ; renown equal to that of the first captain whereas upon those points the disinterest of his age. When the House looked back edness of lord Wellington was perfectly to that period at which our warlike preknown; and in those points he was a parations were confined to plans of fortitruly merilorious servant of the public. fying the Thames instead of driving the We were told that some great statesmen enemy beyond the Tormes and the Ebro, were somewhere to be found who would they could not fail, not merely to recog. have done a great deal more in the penin. nise in lord Wellington the decus et tosula, if they had been in office. He did tamen patriæ,' as one who had not merely not wish to see those conjurors in office, as formed a school in which others might be he thought that the resources of the country taught to succeed and follow him in his were already strained as far as they would career of glory, but to perceive in bim at bear in the prosecution of the war. The the same time the hero, who, wbilst he right hon. the Chancellor of the Exche. wielded the thunder of his native land, quer had, in his defence of ministers, told was the tutelar genius of allied and dethe House, the other night, that they had pendent states, the protector of oppressed spent upwards of eleven millions on this and prostrate powers. The picture which war, in the course of the last eleven bistory would trace, for the instruction of months. Now as he was sure that every posterity, would unite, therefore, with the thing contided to lord Wellington had figure of the successful commander, the been employed with judgment, he thought attributes of a benevolent spirit, extending a vote of 100,0001. not too much to reward a guardian influence over recovering, his great services. He, therefore, entirely though fallen nations. All must admit, concurred in the grant of the sum pro- that by the exertion in Spain, Europe had posed, and thought that it should be been enabled to reflect on her condition ; given by a direct vote.
and when Buonaparte's situation, though Mr. Canning declared, that he should perhaps not irreirievable, was contemdeem it an encroachment upon the time plated, we had not only evidence of this, and a waste of the attention of the flouse, but an illustration of the different prinif after the opinions expressed and the mi- ciples on which the war was conducted. litary criticisms delivered on this occasion, Lord Wellington advancing to the suche were to attempt to do more than to cour and liberation of Spain-Buonaparte state how fully he participated in the ad- marching to the devastation of Russia, exmiration felt at lord Wellington's achieve hibited striking examples of the different ments, and in a sense of the justness of objects by which the two empires were that remuneration which had been pro- directed in their mutual hostility. At posed. He was inclined to concur most such a moment, when cordially with the proposition, not only
Expectation sits in the air on those grounds which hał been adverted And hides a sword from hilt unto the poiot, to, particularly by an hon. gentleman (Mr. With crowns, imperial crowns and coronetsProtheroe) who formed one example of it might not be useless to compare the rethe acquisitions which the new parliament wards which Buonaparte was anticipating hacune de, a nature. He concurred in it from a feel. pure enjoyments which lord Wellington ing, that we had within the last few years sought for in the acknowledgments of a raised ourselves to the same equality at benefited and grateful country. An bon. land, more than wbich we had possessed baronet had expressed a wish that the sum at sea, and that to the individual to whom proposed to be voted should be taken from we owed this augmentation of glory and Other funds. For his own part he was advantage, no remuneration could be too confident that the people would feel de
frauded, were they to be deprived of the could be brought with safety before the opportunity of doing justice to their great barristers, without, in case of escape, subcommander, and if the House were to at. jecting the gaolers to responsibiliiy ; betempt to scrape up a provision out of the sides, there was another material defect, leavings of obscure and secret funds, he for after the barristers had inquired, which felt that they ought not to pollute the vote, they had done by going themselves to by seeming to apologise for the gratitude each of the prisons in the metropolis, they evinced, or by endeavouring to show they had reported to their respective that they were grateful at no expence. courts the result of their examinations ; He rather hoped that they would be and yet no direction was given how the anxious to show, that as the crown had discharge was to be made out. Under run before them in one instance, they these circumstances, it was necessary to were resolved to keep pace with its wishes apply to the legislature, and the Bill which in another. He understood it was pro- he held in his hand was calculated to re. posed to lay out the 100,000l. in the pur. medy these defects. It provided, that the chase of lands to be attached to the title barristers should have more ample power; of Wellington. Now, lord Wellington's that a warrant might be issued under their children were all sons, but they might hands, authorising the gaolers to bring behave only female issue. He presumed fore them the prisoners described ; it also that it was not intended the title should provided, that the barristers might admi. fail in that case. He thought it necessary nister the necessary oath, which was left not only that the immediate descendants unexpressed in the former act; and further of such a man should be provided for, but directed the investment of the prisoners' that the grant of that night should insure property in the hands of the clerk of the to their posterity that result which Eng. peace of the county, for the benefit of lishmen could not but wish to see,-as a their creditors. Another provision was, lasting monument to the memory of their that the decision of the barristers should great ancestor.
be final. With respect to the bringing Lord Castlereagh observed, that matter up of prisoners not confined in the gaols would come to be considered in the Bill. of the metropolis, it was directed they It was the wish of ministers that the grant should be brought up by application for should be made on the most liberal prin- a Habeas Corpus to one of the judges of ciples.
the Court. The noble and learned lord Sir F. Burdett's Amendment was then having stated the nature of this Bill, put and negatived without a division. moved that it now be read a first time. After which the original Resolution was The Bill was accordingly read the first agreed to.
HOUSE OF LORDS.
HOUSE OF COMMONS.
Tuesday, December 8.
CATHOLIC Lord Ellenborough, in presenting this Bill to Claims, FROM THE UNIVERSITY or Camtheir lordships' consideration, took occa- BRIDGE.) Lord Palmerston presented a sion to remark, that the Insolvent Debtors' Petition from the chancellor, masters, and Act of last session had contained a clause, scholars of the University of Cambridge, extending relief to debtors confined for against the Claims of the Roman Catholics. sums exceeding 2,0001., but great doubt His lordship observed, that an idea having and difficulty had arisen in attempting to gone forth that this Petition had been carry this clause into execution. The framed and determined upon, without the provisions of that part of the act directed, usual notice for non-residents to attend that a barrister of each court should be ap- the convocation, he thought it proper to pointed, under the chief justices and the state, that a notice of six days had been chief baron, to meet and examine into the given, which exceeded by three days that respective cases of those who intended to which was given on ordinary occasions.take the benefit. But this clause having The Petition was then read, setting forth, been added to the Bill, had subjected its “ That the petitioners understand, with execution to considerable deficiency. great anxiety, that a Bill is soon to be ofOne omission was, that no power or direc- fered to the House for the removal of the tion was given, whereby these prisoners restrictions which are imposed by law on
those who profess the Roman Catholic qualified repeal of those laws on which the religion in these realms ; and that the pe. remaining Catholic disabilities depend, titioners are fully convinced that the con- would be inconsistent with the spirit and trol of any foreign power implied in such safety of the British constitution, and the Bill over the government of this country laws which have been enacted for the secither in Church or State, is not only in- curity and defence of the Protestant esta. consistent with the form of our constitu- blished religion, particularly the Act of Settion, as established at the Revolution, but tlement, whereby the crown is limited to his moreover, by destroying the independency present Majesty's illustrious House, which of our Church and nation, is contrary to the act secures our religion, laws, and liberties, first principles of all civil government; and and which the statute declares to be the that the power of the Pope, though for birthright of the people of England: and various reasons diminished in the public that the petitioners iherefore watch with estimation, is notwithstanding more to be jealousy those bold demands which aim dreaded by us now than ever, being itself to subvert our guardian securities, and brought under the control, and, if occasion humbly pray, that the House in its wisshould offer, likely to become the dan- dom will deem it expedient to defer the gerous instrument, of a foreign and in consideration of this great question till the
h veterate enemy; and that the petitioners Roman Catholics urge claims with that are the more confirmed in the appre- temper and moderation which would best hensions of foreign interference, by ob- become their appeal to the highest authoserving that, notwithstanding all the con- rity of the state.” cessions made of late years by our legis.
The said Petitions were ordered to lie lature in favour of the Roman Catholics, upon the table. yet the tenets of their Church have admitted of no relaxation, but continue the GALWAY ELECTION-PETITION OF JOAN same as ever, particularly those the most Joyce AND OTHERS) A Petition of John obnoxious and dangerous, of still advanc. Joyce, Pat. M. Lynch, John Lynch, ing and maintaining the supremacy of Alex. Nicholas Browne, James Finn, the Pope, in all spiritual maiters, above and John French Madden, was read; the supremacy of our own sovereign; and setting forth, that the petitioners, as becomes a Pro- “That, at the late general election for testant University, have never been ad- the town and county of the town of Gal. verse to the rights of toleration or liberty way, Valentine Blake of Menlo, in the of conscience, to which they are and have county of said town, was a candidate been most sincere well wishers; but they to represent the said town and county of are most seriously alarmed at the idea en the town of Galway in parliament; and on tertained of admitting Roman Catholics that occasion, the hon. Frederick Ponsonby to legislate for a Protestant Church, to was also a candidate for the like purpose ; which, as we have thus seen, they are and that, by virtue of divers charters, from principle and systematically hostile; there exists in the town of Galway, which and praying, that no such Bill may pass is and was a great town in the reign of into a law.'
Henry the 7th, a corporation known by
the name of the mayor, sheriffs, free bur. PETITION
CATHOLIC gesses, and commonalty of the town and CLAIMS, FROM THE Borough or Gran. county of the town of Galway; and that THAM.] A Petition of the aldermen, re. the right of election is vested in the freecorder, comburgesses, and burgesses of holders thereof, and also in the freemen of the borough of Grantham, in the county the said corporation of said town when of Lincoln, and inhabitants of the said lawfully admitted and duly qualified to borough, and the soke and vicinity thereof, vote on such elections, the said freemen was also presented and read; setting being a component part of the commonalty forth,
of the said corporation; and that the said “ That although the petitioners enter- election, which commenced on the 161b, tain towards the Roman Catholics no spirit continued from day to day until the 31st of intolerance, no desire of dominion, yet of October last, during which period cer. it is their firm opinion that, in unqualified tain voters, to the number of 159 freemen
cession, the constitution is exposed to and freeholders, duly qualified, voted for ", an untried, and a great danger; the said V. Blake, and certain persons, to
t the petitioners consider the un- the number of 311, were permitted by the
sheriffs to poll and vote for said F. Pon- / and still mayor of the said town of Galsonby ; and the petitioners further shew way, although it was objected, that even that of the above number of 311 persons if in every other respect they were freewho were so permitted by said she men, that such qualification as freemen riffs to vote for said F. Ponsonby, divers was not valid within the act of parliament, persons were permitted to vote as freemen they not having qualified within six of the corporation of the town of Galway, months anterior to the teste of the writ of although such persons never were legally election; they further declared, that they admitted freemen of the said corporation, were so sworn by said D. B. Daly for the nor did there appear to be any sufficient purpose of voting for said F. Ponsonby on evidence of their having ever acted as free- said election; and the most considerable men or done any corporate act, inasmuch part of the above number declared, at the as the only evidence of their admission as time they were voting for said F. Ponfreemen was one of the corporation books, sonby, that they were ignorant of the by which it did not appear that any per: name of the other candidate, although the son legally qualified vouched or certified said V. Blake now resides, and has since their admission, nor any evidence of their his birth resided, within the county of the having qualified as freemen, or taken the town of Galway; and the petitioners furoaths prescribed by the charter of the ther shew, as further evidence of their said corporation ; nor did there appear to being occasional voters, that 158 of the be any stamp or any document of their al- above number admitted, at such their time leged admission as freemen into said cor- of voting, that they had all, on one and poration as prescribed by act of parlia- the same day, been entered upon the corment; and the petitioners further shew, poration books, as they alleged, and at a that the above number of persons were time when many of them were minors, not residents in Galway at the time of for the purpose, as they alleged, of being their alleged admission to the freedom of brought forward at some future day of the said corporation, nor did they ever re- voting for the said D. B. Daly, or his noside therein; that the said number of per. minees ; that the petitioners further shew, sons were composed of the principal part that divers persons who voted for the said of the tenant peasantry of the right hon. hon. F. Ponsonby declared themselves Dennis Bowes Daly, of Dalystown, in the Roman Catholics, yet did not produce any county of Galway, the uncle-in-law of the legal document or certificate of their said F. Ponsonby, and his alleged repre having duly qualified themselves to vote sentative on the hustings at said election; as such Roman Catholics; and the petithat they were, for the most part, totally tioners further submit, that said oaths so illiterate, and incapable of speaking the administered were irregular, as not having English language, and admitted to their been made before one of the judges of his freedom, if at all, by several hundreds at Majesty's four courts in Dublin, or at the a time; that the petitioners shew that they quarter sessions of the peace in the county were occasional voters, made for the pur. where said Roman Catholics resided, none poses of election, contrary to the law of of them having ever resided within Gal. » parliament; that a considerable part, if way; and further, inasmuch as no renot the whole number of said persons, de quest was made by said F. Ponsonby, the clared at the hustings, that they did not other candidate, to said sheriffs, to appoint recollect ever having exercised any cor- magistrates to administer to Roman Cathoporate act as freemen, or had ever taken lics said oaths of qualification, nor did, in the oath prescribed to freemen, but had, fact, said sheriffs ever make such appointon the morning of the day of their voting, ment; and the petitioners further shew, or the day before, and after said election that the persons entitled to their freedoms had been commenced, been sworn by the in said corporation, under the Irish act of right hon. D. B. Daly in an adjoining 4 Geo. 1, c. 15, and under the charters of room which had been kept locked, and no said corporation, when duly qualified by person admitted to enter, save the said taking the oaths thereby prescribed, were persons about to be sworn, and one or two rejected by said sheriffs as persons not of the dependants of the said D. B. Daly; qualified under the above statutes and that they declared, when about to vote, charters, although they had, long anterior that they had been sworn in the aforesaid to the teste of the said writ, applied for manner before the said D. B. Daly as free their freedom, and offered to qualify for men, said D. B. Daly being at that time same, but were repeatedly refused the op
portunity of so qualifying by the right table uses from granting long and improhon. D. B. Daly and those under bis in vident leases. Having adverted to the fluence; and the petitioners shew, that acts already passed to secure the due apthey are particularly aggrieved in this in propriation of donations for charitable purstance, because the several persons in this poses, he proceeded to observe, that it yet respect, to the number of nearly 30, remained for the legislalure to adopt some declared at the bustings, that if they were measure, the object of which would be to admitted to vote, they would have voted prevent the trustees of donations, such as for V. Blake; and the petitioners further he had described, from granting leases shew, that said sheriffs, at said election, of lands or other property, for terms, permitted to poll at said election for said which, in the common acceptation of the F. Ponsonby, four freeholders not duly word, might be considered improvident. qualified to vote, one of said freeholders What he called improvident, were those having agreed to sell and assign the whole leases which exceeded 14 years. of his freehold, and to give possession not his wish to meddle with any of those thereof in March next, without any re- leases which had hitherto been granted, servation, two whereof having no freehold nor did he mean to oppose the grant of whatever, and one who had not duly re- long leases, where the interest of the esgistered his alleged freehold ; and the pe- tate required that such leases should be titioners further shew, that, in order that given, namely, where the estate was to the fullest evidence of the petitioners' ob. be improved by building or otherwise, jections might appear on record, the pe but to prevent any difficulty on this head, titioners, and those concerned for them, re- he should introduce a clause into the Bill, quired that the objections of the petitioners empowering the bishop of the diocese, in to the voters who were unduly admitted, and which leases were to be granted, to decide the answers and admissions of said voters as to the length it might be expedient to for said F. Ponsonby, might be entered and grant them, and calling upon the trustees taken down by the sheriffs on the poll to make application to him before such book, which they uniformly refused to do; leases were granted. In all estates, where that the petitioners humbly shew, that, rack-rents were exacted, however, he by the several means aforesaid, the said should propose, that no lease should be F. Ponsonby obtained a colourable majo- granted for a longer period than for 14 rity over the said Valentine Blake; but years, and that where such leases were to that the said V. Blake had a very large be given, the circumstance should be made legal majority of votes in his favour on public, in order that a fair competition said poll over said F. Ponsonby; and might take place, so as to secure an that said slieriffs should and ought there. adequate price for the property to be fore to have declared the majority on said leased. These regulations be had no poll in favour of the said V. Blake, and to doubt would not only tend to the better have him declared duly elected, and to attainment of the objects for which chari. have made their return accordingly; table donations were left, but to the genewhereas the petitioners shew that they ral improvement of agriculture. The hon. made their return that said F. Ponsonby and learned gentleman having concluded was duly elected ; and praying the House by moving for leare to bring in his Bill, to take the petitioners' case into considera- the motion was agreed to, and the Bill tion, and to appoint a committee to try ordered to be brought in accordingly. the merits and validity of said election, according to law, and grant the peti- Gold Coin Bill.) The Chancellor of tioners such relief in the premises as the the Exchequer moved the order of the day, House shall deem proper.
for the second reading of the Bill to con. Ordered to be taken into consideration tinue an Act of the last session of parlia. on the 11th of February next, at the same ment, for making more effectual provision time that the Petition of Valentine Blake, for preventing the current Gold Coin of esq. is ordered to be taken into considera- the realm from being paid or accepted for tion.
a greater value than the current value of
such coin; for preventing any note or Charitable Estates Bill.) Mr. Lock-bill of the governor and company of the hart rose, in pursuance of his notice, to Bank of England, or of the governor and move for leave to bring in a Bill to pre-company of the Bank of Ireland, from vent the trustees of Estates given for Chari- being received for any smaller sum than