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BIOGRAPHICAL

DICTIONARY;

CONTAINING

An Historical and Critical ACCOUNT

OF THE

LIVES and WRITINGS

OF THE

Most Eminent Persons

In every NATION;
Particularly the BRITISH and IRISH;
From the Earliest Accounts of Time to the present Period.

WH E R E IN

Their remarkable ACTIONS or SUFFERINGS,

their VIRTUES, PARTS, and LEARNING, are
accurately displayed; with a CATALOGUE of their
LITERARY PRODUCTION S.

VOL. VI.

LONDON:
Printed for T. OSBORNE, J. WAISTON and B. WHITE,

W.STRAHAN, T. PAYNE, W, OWEN, W. JOHNSTON,
S. CROWDER, B. LAW, T. Field, T. DURHAM,
J. ROBSON, R. GOADBY, and E. BAKER.

MDCC LXI.

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G

RAAF (REGNIER DE) a celebrated physician, was born at Schoonhaven, a town in Holland, where his father was the first architect, on the 30th of

July 1641. After having laid a proper foundation in classical learning, he went to study physick at Leyden ; in which science he made so vast a progress, that in 1663 he published a treatise De Succo Pancreatico, which did him the higheft honour. Two years after he went to France, and was made doctor of phyfic at Angers: but returned to Holland the year after, and settled at Delft, where he practised in his profession so fuccessfully, that he drew upon himself the envy of his brethren. He married in 1672, and died August the 17th, 1673, when he was only thirty-two years of age. He published three pieces upon the organs of generation both in men and women, upon which subject he had a controversy with Swammerdam. His works, with his life prefixed were published in 8vo. at Leyden, in 1677 and 1705; they were also translated into Flemish, and published at Amsterdam in 1686.

VOL: VI.

B

GRABE

)

GRABE (JOHN EARNEST), the learned editor of the Septuagint from the Alexandrian manufcript, in the king of England's palace at St. James's, was the son of Martin Sylvester Grabe, profeffor of divinity and history, in the university of Koningsberg in Prussia, where his son Earnest was born, January 10, 1666. He had his education there, and took the degree of master of arts in that university; after which, devoting himself to the study of divinity, he read the works of the fathers with the utmost diligence and attention. There he took first into hand as the best masters and instructors upon the important subject of religion. He was fond of their principles and customs, and that fondness grew into a kind of unreserved veneration for their authority, through the pains and time he spent in making himself master of their language and sentiments. Among these he observed the uninterrupted succession of the sacred ministry to be universally laid down as essential to the being of a true church, this point working continually upon his spirits, made by degrees so deep an impression, that at length he thought himself obliged, in conscience, to quit lutheranism, the established religion of his country, in which he had been bred, and enter within the pale of the Roman church, where that succession was preferved. In this temper he saw likewise many other particulars (A) in the evangelical faith and practice, not agreeable to that of the fathers, and consequently absolutely erroneous if not heretical.

Whence being confirmed in his resolution, he gave in to the electoral college at Sambia in Pruffia, a memorial, setting forth his reasons for his change in 1695, and leaving Koningsberg, set out in order to put it in execution in some catholic country. He was in the road to a place called Erfard, in this design, when there were presented to him three tracts in answer to his memorial, from the elector of Brandenbourg, who had given immediate orders to three Ruffian divines to write them for the purpose (B). Mr. Grabe was entirely difpored to pay all due respect to this address from his sovereign, and having perused the tracts with sufficient care, his resolution for embracing popery was a little unhinged, in so much that he wrote to one of the divines, whose name was Spener, to procure him a safe conduct that he might return to Berlin, to confer with him. This favour being easily obtained, he went to that city, where Mr. Spener prevailed upon him fo far as to change his design of going among the Papitts, for another. In England, says this friend, you will meet with the outward and uninterrupted succession which you want': take then your rout thither, this step will give much less difsatisfaction to your friends, and at the same time equally fatisfy your conscience (c); our author yielded to the advice, and arriving in England, was received with all the respect due to his merit, and presently recommended to king William in such terms, that his majesty granted him a pension of 1001. per annum, to enable him to pursue his studies.

(A) Lutheranism was particularly pal minister at Berlin; and the rediftinguihed by this title.

cond was principal professor al Kon(B) The names of these divines ingsberg. The three answers were were Philip James Spener, Bernard printed the same year. The first at Van Sanden, and John William Berlin, the second at Koningsberg, Baier. The first was ecclesiastical both in 4to, and the third at Jana, counsellor to the elector, and princi. in 8vo.

He had the warmest sense of those favours, and presently Thewed himself not unworthy of the royal bounty, by the many valuable books which he published in England, which, from this time, he adopted for his own country, where find ing the ecclesiastical constitution so much to his mind, he entered into priest's orders in that church, and became a zealous advocate for it, as coming nearer in his opinion to the primitive pattern, than any other. In this spirit he published in 1698, and the following year, Spicilegium SS. Patrum, “ &c.” (D), or a collection of the lefser works and fragments, rarely to be met with, of the fathers and heretics of the three first centuries ; induced thereto, as he exprefly declared, by the consideration, that there could be no better expedient for healing the divisions of the Christian church, than to reflect on the practice and opinions of the primitive fathers (E). Upon the same motive he printed also Justin Martyr's first apology in 1700 (F). And the works of Ire.

næus

(c) Meneken's German dictionary 4to. and five in folio, besides a and Pfaffi notæ in liturgiam Græ- numerous collection of other Greek cam Grabii.

fragments of the fathers, and some () Both volumes were reprinted of heretics, which would make seveat Oxford in 1700, 8vo. To these ral volumes in print, Ibid. the doctor designed to add a third (E) Some remarks were made upon volume, in order to which he had the first volume, in a piece intituled, got a copy of the Didascalia of “ A New and full Method of settling Clemens Romanus, and of Hippoli- " the canonical Authority of the tus, with others, transcribed by him. New Testament,” in two vols, self. Hicke's Account, &c. The by Jer. Jones, vol. ii, part 3. col. doctor also found, among our au- 34. Lond. 1726. 8v thor's MSS. many Greek fragments (F) The works of this father of Origen, particularly out of his out in 1722. The editor commentaries, containing 120 Meets whereof, in the dedication observes,

that

came

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