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Particularly the BRITISH and IRISH;
From the Earlieft Accounts of Time to the present Period.

WHERE IN

Their remarkable AcřIONS or SUFFERINGS,

their VIRTUES, PARTS, and LEARNING, are
accurately displayed ; with a CATALOGUE of their
LITERARY PRODUCTIONS,

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Printed for T. OSBORNE, J. WHISTON and B. WHITE,

W. STRAHAN, T. PAYNE, W.Owen, W. JOHNSTON,
S. CROWDER, B. Law, T. FIELD, T. DURHAM,
J. ROBSON, R. GOADBY, and E. BAKER.

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AN

Universal, Historical, and Literary

DICTIONARY.

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J.
ABLONSKI (DANIEL ERNEST) a learned Polish pro-

teftant divine, was born November 20, 1660, at Dant-
zick, and had the first part of his education in Germany,

after which he travelled into Holland, and thence crossed the water to England, for further improvement in his ftudies. Thus accomplished, he became successively minister of Magdebourg, Liffa, Koningsberg, and Berlin, and was at length ecclefiaftical counsellor and president of the society of sciences in this last city. His zeal against infidelity, both in the Atheists and Deifts, shewed itself on all occasions, and he took a deal of pains to effect an union betwixt the Lutherans and Calvinists, but I need not say to no purpose. The truth is, considering the rooted prejudices on each side, such a comprehension, like that between the church of England and the difsenters, how desirable soever, is more the object of a good man's wishes, than of a sensible man's expectations. No wonder then that Mr. Jablonski died in May 1741, without being able to compass his design.

We have a Latin translation by him of dr. Bentley's fer- Diction. mons at Boyle's lectures, and several Latin dissertations upon Portat. the land of Geffen; Meditationes de divina origine fcriptura Vol. VII.

B

facræ ;

Biblioth,
Gorm.

sacræ ; also a piece intituled Thorn affligée, and some other works in good esteem.

JABLONSKI (THEODORE) counsellor of the court of Prussia, and Secretary of the royal society of iciences at Berlin, was also a man of distinguished merit. We saw in him the most exact probity, and a strict piety, united to a sweetness of temper, a polite urbanity, and an inclination to oblige all that applied to him. He loved the sciences, and did them honour, without that ambition which is generally seen in men of learning. It was owing to this modesty that he did not put

his name to the greatest part of his works; the chief of which are Dictionaire Francois - Allemand & Allemand - Francois, printed in 1711; A course of morality in the German tongue, 1713; Dictionaire universel des arts & des sciences, 1721; A translation into High Dutch of Tacitus De moribus Germamorum, with remarks, 1724.

JACETIUS, or DIACETIUS (FRANCIS DE CA, TANEIS) a learned Italian writer, was born at Florence, in November 1466, and was the disciple of Marsilius Ficinus, under whom he studied the Platonic philosophy, and became a great

master of it. He was also a good orator, and succeeding Ficinus in his professorship, held it till his death, which bappened in 1522, at Florence, where he was buried among his ancestors, in the church of the Holy Cross. We have of his writing a treatise of beauty, and another of love, according to the doctrine of Plato, besides several others, which were all printed together at Bafil in 1563.

JACHIADES, or RABBI JOSEPH. Ben Joseph Jachaia, a famous rabbi in the fixteenth century, was born at Lisbon, and died at the age of 45 years, anno mundi 5299, i. e. an. Christ

. 1539. He taught in the fynagogue of Imola, and, it is said, shortened his days by too intense application to his studies. He wrote Derech Chajim, in which he explains several allegorical paffages in the Gemara ; an Explication of the commandments of the law; Torat Or, a treatise of Paradife and Hell; several Commentaries upon the five Megillot, upon the Hagiographey, &e. and a paraphrase upon Daniel, wherein he made the Jews hope a speedy deliverance; his piece was translated into Latin' by Constantin l'empereur, who added remarks, in which he refuted the false gloffes of the Jew, and published the whole at Amsterdam in 1633.

ЈАС К.

Moreri.

a

Ibid.

JACKSON (THOMAS) a learned English divine, was descended of a worthy family in the bifhopric of Durham, in which he was born at Willowing; on the river Were, in 1579. Many of his near friends and relations being rich merchants in Newcastle, he was defigned to have been bred that way, bat his great inclination to learning being observed by Ralph lord Gore, baron of Malton, his lordship prevailed with his parents to send him to Oxford, where he was admitted into Queen's callege in Midsummer term, 1595; but having notice of a vacancy in Corpus Chrifti college, he offered himself a candidate ; and though he had not heard of it till the day before the election, yet he acquitted himself, upon the examination, so much to the admiration of the electors, that he was chosen unanimously into a scholarship, March 24, 1596, against a competitor of great interest; he proceeded to take his degrees ip arts at the stated times, and May 10, 1606, became probationer fellow, being then well grounded in arithmetic, grammar, philology, geometry, rhetoric, logic, philofophy, the oriental languages, history, &c. with an insight into heraldry and hieroglyphics. But he made all his knowledge subservient to the Itudy of divinity, to which he applied with great industry and vigour, and became so much distinguished therein, that he not only read a divinity lecture in his college every Sunday morning, but another on the week-day at Pembroke college (then newly founded) at the request of the master and fellows there. He was also chosen vice-president of his college for many years successively, by virtue of which office he moderated at the divinity difputations, with remarkble learning, and no less candour and modesty; he commenced D. D. in 1622, and quitted che college two years afterwards, being preferred to a living in his native country, and from thence soon after to the vicarage of Newcastle. In that large and laborious cure, he performed all the duties of an excellent parish priest, and was particularly admired for his excellent dilcourses from the pulpit. At this time he was a rigid Calvinist, and was first convinced of the errors of absolute predestination by dr. Richard Neile, bishop of Durham, who took him for his chaplain, and joined with dr. Laud in bringing him back to his college, where he was elected, by their intereft, president, in 1630. Upon this promotion he refigned the vicarage of Newcastle, and, being collated to that of Whitney, he procured it for mr. Thomas White, proctor of the univerfity, and late chaplain of his college, after he had been at great pains and expence to clear the title of the rectory. In 1635

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