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The Covenanters protest against the execution of the King, 22...Commissioners

sent to Charles, who agrees to their terms, 22...Earl of Montrose made Captain-

General of Scotland, 22... Receives supplies from the King of Denmark, and

lands in the Orkneys, 23...Colonel Strachan defeats the Rebel Army, 23... Montrose

tried, condemned, and executed, in Edinburgh, 23... Charles arrives in the

Frith of Cromarty, and signs the Covenant, 23...Cromwell invades Scotland,

23...Battle of Dunbar, 23... The English army enters Glasgow, 24... Cromwell

goes in state to the Cathedral, 24... The Covenanters raise an army, 25...De-

feated by Lambert, 26... Glasgow laid under Contribution, 26...Charles crowned

at Scone, 26... Encamps at Torwood, 27...Marches into England, 27...Battle

of Worcester, 27...Defeat of the Covenanters, 27... The King conceals himself

in an Oak Tree, 27...Embarks at Shoreham, and arrives in Normandy, 27...

The Scots are subdued under Monk, 27... English Judges appointed to the

Scotch Courts, 27...Cromwell appointed Protector, 28...Dies, and is succeeded

by his Son, 28... Monk convenes a Meeting of the Nobility, &c. in Edinburgh,

28... Repairs to England, 28...Declares in favour of Charles, who is pro-

claimed King, 29... Great Officers of State appointed in Scotland, 29...Minis-

ters and Elders congratulate the King on his return, and implore him to respect

the Covenant, on which they are thrown into prison, 29...Covenanters prohibited

from attending Conventicles, 30...Prosecutions raised against them at the insti-

gation of Mr. James Sharp, 30...Sharp made Archbishop of St. Andrews, 30.....

Committee of Privy Council meet at Glasgow, 31...400 Presbyterian Clergy-

men ejected, 32...Miserable situation of the Country, 33... Heavy fines im-

posed on the See of Glasgow, 35... The Covenanters raise a small body of men,

35... Are attacked and defeated near Edinburgh, 36...Magistrates and Council

fined for allowing Conventicles, 37... The Privy Council enforce a Bond against

Conventicles, 37...Military ordered to disperse persons attending Conventicles,

37...The Highland Host appointed, 38...Archbishop Sharp murdered, 41...

Captain Graham of Claverhouse repulsed by the Covenanters near Drumbog,

42... Pursued to Glasgow, 43... Privy Council take alarm, 43...Duke of Mon-

mouth appointed Commander in Chief of Scotland, 44...Battle of Bothwell

Bridge, 44...Covenanters defeated, 45...A number of Prisoners executed, and

others sent to Barbadoes, 45... The King suspends the laws against Con-

venticles, 46.


James, Duke of York, made a Privy Counsellor of Scotland, 46...Prosecutions
against those concerned in the Battle of Bothwell Bridge, 47... Persecution of
Mr. John Spreull, 47...Mr. Donald Cargill, late Minister of the Barony Parish,
executed, 49... Test Act enforced, 50... The Earl of Argyle absconds, is tried in
his absence, and degraded, 50...Death of Charles II. 50... The Duke of York

declared King, under the title of James II. 50... The Earl of Argyle returns in

arms, 50...Is apprehended and beheaded in Edinburgh, 51... The Duke of

Monmouth beheaded after the Battle of Sedgemoor, 51... The first Indulgence,

52...The Queen is delivered of a Son, 53...A General Pardon published, 54...

Abject flattery of the Scotch Bishops, 54...The Prince of Orange invades

England, 55... William III. proclaimed at Glasgow, 55... The Students in the

University of Glasgow burn the Pope and the Archbishops of St. Andrews

and Glasgow in effigy, 56...King James withdraws to France, 56...Is de-

clared to have abdicated the Throne, 56...Scotch Commissioners introduced to

William and Mary at Whitehall, 57... The King's Supremacy in the Church of

Scotland rescinded, 58...A General Assembly appointed, 58...Deaths of William

and Mary, 61... Accession of Queen Anne, 61... Union of Scotland with

England, 61... Union unpopular in Scotland, 61... Patronage restored, 63...

Death of the Queen, 64...Accession of George I. 64...Rebellion in Scotland, 64

...Battle of Dumblain, 65...Battle of Preston, 66...Pretender arrives in Scot-

land, and is proclaimed King, 66... Returns to the Continent, 66...Scotch No-

bility and others executed, 66...Death of George I. and Accession of George II.

67... Charles, Son of the old Pretender, arrives in Scotland, 67... Proclaims his

Father King, 68...Sir John Cope defeated by the Rebels near Prestonpans, 68

...The Duke of Cumberland defeats the Rebels at Culloden, 70... The Young

Pretender retires to the Continent, 70... The Rebels severely punished, 71... The

Highlanders prevented from wearing the Garb of their Ancestors, 71...Aboli-

tion of the hereditary jurisdictions, 71...Death of George II. and Accession of

George III. 71...Pedigree of the Stuart family, 72.

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Education, 412...Number of Schools in the City, 420... Poor, mode of supplying

them, 425...Number of Paupers on the Kirk Sessions, 427...Circulating Li-

braries, 433...Stirling's Library, 435... Glasgow Public Library, 442...Robert-

sonian Library, 444... Book Societies, 447...Books published in Numbers, 447

...Literary Society, 447...Literary and Commercial Society, 448... Widows'

Fund Society, 448...Annuity Society, 452... Farmers' Society, 457... Public

Green, and Improvements connected with it, 457...Letter-Founding, or Type-

Making, with an Account of Messrs. Alex. Wilson & Sons' Manufactory, 467...

Post-Office, Rates and Amount, 471... Records of the Presbytery and General
Session, 475...Names of the principal Streets, narrating the times when they
were opened, 479...Banks, 480...Mason Lodges, 483... Ale and Spirit Licenses
issued for the City and Suburbs, 487... Reservoirs for the Supply of the Forth
and Clyde Navigation, 489...Assize of Bread, 492... Mode of Setting it in
Glasgow, 506... Flour Mills at Partick and Clayslap, 511.....Cess or Land Tax,

~514... Population, 515...Mortality Bill, 518.



Reformation of Religion—Presbyterian Form of Worship established in ScotlandMr. John Knox, one of the early Reformers, retires to Geneva-Mary of Lorraine, Regent of the Kingdom-First Book of Discipline written-Roman Catholic Clergymen allowed Two-thirds of their former Stipends-Superintendents appointed-The Presbyterian and Episcopal Forms of Church Government exercised alternately from the Reformation till the Revolution—General Assembly-Synods-Presbyteries and Congregational Sessions instituted-The Office of Bishop declared to have no foundation in the Word of God-Speech of King James VI. against Episcopacy-The Eucharist first celebrated, after the Presbyterian form, in Finlaystone House-Church Service Book for Scotland-Notable General Assembly of 1638, held in the Cathedral Church of Glasgow-Abjuration of Episcopacy, and Excommunication of the Scotch Bishops-Declinature of the Bishops-The Covenant signed-Churchmen incapacited from holding places in Parliament-King Charles I. erects his Royal Standard at York-The Covenanters raise an Army-The Civil Wars commence Covenanters defeated at Perth, Aberdeen, and Kilsyth—Royalists defeated at Philiphaugh-Three of the prisoners, viz. Sir William Rollock, Sir Philip Nisbet, and Mr. Alexander Ogilvie of Inverquharty, executed in Glasgow-A Parliament summoned to be held at Glasgow-Charles throws himself on the mercy of the Scots Army-The Pestilence rages in Glasgow, and other Towns in Scotland-The King refuses to comply with the desire of the English Commissioners-The Scots surrender him to the English for a Sum of Money-The Civil War, of 1648, commences-The Scots arm in Defence of the King-The Magistrates of Glasgow imprisoned-Military Quartered on the Members of the Town Council and Session-The Scotch Levy enters the City of Carlisle-Defeated by General Cromwell, near Preston-The King Tried and Beheaded.


A Brief Account of the Church in Glasgow, and the Persecutions for the Cause of Religion, which took place in that City, &c. from the Reformation down to the commencement of the Nineteenth Century: collected from authentic Records.

ABOUT the beginning of the sixteenth century, the corruption

of doctrine, the dissolute manners and extreme indolence of the Clergy, had arrived to such a height, as to concur in bringing about the Reformation of religion, which settled the PresA


byterian form of Church Government in Scotland, by Act of Parliament, in 1660. This great event was preceded by some remarkable prodigies, celestial and terrestrial; in the months of November and December 1556, and of January 1557, a comet shone with great lustre, rivers were dried up in the middle of Winter, and so completely overflowed their banks in Summer, as to carry destruction before them, while hailstones as large as pigeons' eggs fell and destroyed the crops. These visible signs were succeeded by one still more terrific; for a considerable time, a meteor vomited fire both night and day; the flames emitted by this meteor were so near the earth as to destroy the cattle, houses, and corn fields. The whole body of the people conceived that these signs prognosticated immediate destruction, or some great change in the Church and State. Impressed with this idea, numbers of the Clergy renounced their orders, and embraced the Reformed Religion. The dignified Clergy, however, strenuously resisted the innovation; and having perceived that Mr. John Knox, who had been a zealous Roman Catholic, had now become a chief instrument in the cause of defection in the Church, they cited him, in 1556, before their spiritual tribunal, and, in absence, condemned him to death for heresy, and burned his effigy at the Cross of Edinburgh, he having retired to Geneva, where he was elected a Minister of the Reformed Church. Soon after this period, the defection became general over the whole country, for the Friars and other ecclesiastical orders breaking loose from their cloisters, began to preach the doctrines of Reformation. At this important crisis, the Reformers found it necessary to unite firmly together in support of the great cause; the more so, as they had not only the whole weight of the dignified Clergy against them, but had to combat the influence of Mary of Lorraine, the Queen Regent, who was a zealous Papist, and completely under the control of the Court of Rome. Under such circumstances, the chief promoters of the Reformation, determined that every person in the nation

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